Chrysler and Electric Cars and Minivans TEVan EPIC and more

10 Июн 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Chrysler and Electric Cars and Minivans TEVan EPIC and more отключены
BYD Electric Cars Electric Cars

Chrysler and Electric Cars and TEVan, EPIC, ENVI, and

Chrysler’s furthest roots in electric cars. namely, the Electrobat (1894) of Henry G. and Pedro G. Salom. They the Electric Carriage Wagon which made electric and was purchased by Electric Boat’s Isaac Rice. Through other consolidations and sales, the ended up as Electric Vehicle and renamed itself Columbia Car, before joining Maxwell and others (1910) to the company rescued and (in essence) by Walter P. Chrysler. (Details )

electric minivans, 1990s

In Chrysler started a program the Electric Power Research to develop an electric-powered minivan. produced the first TEVan in 1992; the T is from the T-115 name for the minivan, and E is for Electric. It a nickel-iron battery pack 1,800 pounds) and DC motor, a 120 mile range.

1993, the first electric minivan, the was introduced for fleet buyers. Not were built — some claim 56 were made, 1994 Chrysler press claim 80 were sold in

James Wolfe wrote the electric minivan used a 180 battery pack (either or nickel-cadmium batteries) weighing pounds, and that the TEVan was mainly to electric utilities. to James, the van was purpose-built by Chrysler than being converted as alternative-power vehicles are) on the Windsor assembly line as the gas Standard equipment included air power steering, power and seating for five along cargo space.

The batteries were built to for 100,000 miles or 20 years; the water was replenished automatically. The charger was built in, and used a receptacle with 220V phase power. When we heard from him in 2006, was driving his 42 miles a day, it at night, providing 185 miles of use for $2.40 (the economic of around 220 mpg).

The TEVan, to Chrysler, had a 54 kilowatt direct motor, with solid microprocessors developed by Pentastar it reached a top speed of 65 mph, a two speed automatic transmission, steering and brakes, and air conditioning. power was 70 hp; continuous power was 35 hp; the was estimated at 80 miles. These were fully certified and met the California zero emission (ZEV) requirement.

Numerous were made in 1994 on owner input; they joined by CNG-powered minivans in year, too.

After the minivans were used, could be sold or scrapped; Wolfe bought one at a public He wrote that there are a dozen TEVans in private four or five of which are in use.

Jerry McIntire wrote: “I own one of the Dodge TEVans. It has NiCad and still works well, is over 50 miles per charge on the 1993 batteries. Regarding the it was available with lead batteries at first, and later nickel-metal hydride batteries.

a van to die for! The AC drive is more and much more powerful the battery pack’s increased

After the TEVan was in production, built a 1992 concept called EPIC, or Electric Inter-urban Commuter. The production and Plymouth EPIC was introduced in 1997, and was leased to government and fleets. It used a 324 volt lead-acid battery pack, nearly twice the voltage of the

EPICs were all made in Ontario.

Powered by nickel-iron with a range of around 120 the EPIC used the TEVan assembly, in a newer different the windshield was raked more but the A-pillar was modified to change of the distance from the door to the The exterior had sliding doors on side, presaging the next of minivans, and the rear hatch a track that hugged the more closely to make loading and unloading easier. The rear seat folded into the floor when not another feature that eventually show up in gas-powered (albeit taking longer). photo above is almost the 1992 concept van, not the EPIC.]

In 2000, Chrysler’s EPIC won two in the five-day Tour de Sol — the category and Customer Acceptability. 200 EPICs were being around the country at the time.

50 Electric Commercial Trucks

The Dodge 50 electric truck was a project between Dodge and Chloride, and used a 50 kW compound-wound DC motor, powered by lead-acid with an automatic refill Top speed was 40 mph, with a range of 45-55 miles charges and what could be described as snail-like acceleration. The claimed that 75% of all urban vehicles travelled less that.

1970s-1980s electric the Jet and ETV

Dr. Jonathan D. Safren wrote, late 1977 Chrysler a 4-passenger electric city car and details and photos. I saw a shipment of cars at a Cincinnati Chrysler-Plymouth About a year later, University purchased two of these for research purposes, proving they were still

Bob Sheaves wrote: “Jet did the for Chrysler. See www.austinev.org/evalbum/010.html for a picture of TC3 conversion, and 055.html for another.” Jet bought vehicles from and Ford. (Jet bought vehicles and then converted )

The Chrysler ETV-1 was built in the powertrain was developed by General and featured regenerative braking and a controlled motor driving the wheels. The range was 100 miles (at a 45, with two passengers), acceleration was and power was supplied by slow-charging batteries. The car was given to the American of Science and Energy, according to . and was sold by them in 2005 to a seller who put it up for sale on eBay in — with just 3,422 on the clock, and a new Siemens motor not running).

Early 1990s: Destiny

A former employee “The Destinys were of the program definition phase for the — a small 4 door electric-only, a and 2 gasoline engines (two and 4 stroke engines), before the styling was done—mules built first generation Neons various powertrains and suspension to decide the final direction of the Small Car Platform PPED did the on design.” No photos are available but did, at the time, allude to plans.

Chrysler’s 2008 and newer minivans

New electric car concepts

in 2008, Chrysler started to new electric vehicles based on GEM technologies. These included the Dodge Circuit, an electric and Jeep, and others. All shared a motor and battery configuration, lithium ion cells, designed to be once and built up or reshaped to the needs of existing vehicles.

engineering costs are a large of the costs of a vehicle, especially with short sales using a common electric and architecture with existing can have a dramatic impact on the of the vehicles, when compared to the taking by GM with the Volt, of a single new vehicle. The tradeoff is price versus range and or consumption.

On April 22, 2009, showed four Chrysler Country minivan concepts with input from the Postal Service (USPS), all without range extenders electric). Chrysler said it apply to the U.S. Department of (DoE) Transportation Electrification program to support a demonstration of 250 zero-emission electric minivans for delivery.

Duke, ConEd and DTE each signed a letter of to equip post offices in regions with a charging


They concluded that a fuel/energy price, which for the EV architectures, yields significant savings over the current though the conversion costs are

The power industry has endorsed vehicles for many years; the charging cycle (charging at is complementary to peak power greater use of electric vehicles make power usage uniform and increase utilization of power plants. With off-peak power use, could justify the creation of plants, and reduce the need for expensive and inefficient peaking

In 2011, Chrysler sold its GEM electric car division to Polaris, the ATV and makers, while stating it intended to build its own full electric cars and SUVs.

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