Chevrolet Spark Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

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Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars

Chevrolet Spark

The Chevrolet Spark is a city car produced under the Chevrolet marque of the American manufacturer General Motors. It has been available solely as a five-door hatchback. The second generation model was introduced in 2005, with the third generation launched in 2010. General Motors uses the name Chevrolet Spark for their smallest car model in one country.

The car model Chevrolet Spark in U.S. is available in countries like India in another name Chevrolet Beat. General Motors has already placed another model (originally badged as the Daewoo Matiz ) as their smallest car in countries like India with the name Chevrolet Spark. Daewoo Matiz has been developed by its South Korean division GM Korea. previously known as Daewoo Motors. since 1998, when it replaced the Daewoo Tico.

After the General Motors company took control over Daewoo Motors in 2002, it has increasingly been marketed under the Chevrolet badge.

An all-electric version. the Chevrolet Spark EV . was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013. The Spark EV is the first all-electric passenger car marketed by General Motors since the EV1 was discontinued in 1999. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]

First generation (1998–2005) [ edit ]

1,485 mm (58.5 in)

M100 (1998–2001) [ edit ]

The production of Daewoo Matiz started in 1998 and it was sold in South Korea and many European markets with the code name M100 . The exterior design is based on the Lucciola, a Fiat Cinquecento concept by Italdesign Giugiaro [ 6 ] which had been rejected by Fiat. The 0.8-litre gasoline engine and the transmission were carryovers from the Daewoo Tico. but it was now using a multipoint injection fuel system. [ 7 ] Engineering was carried out at Daewoo’s Worthing Technical Centre in England. The car became the best selling Daewoo model in Europe and in India for the next four years. [ 8 ]

The Matiz was originally launched with just a 0.8-litre straight-three engine. It developed a maximum power of 51 hp (38 kW), a maximum torque of 68.5 N·m (51 lb·ft) and had a combined consumption of 6.4 l/100 km (44 mpg -imp ). It had a top speed of 144 km/h (89 mph) and could reach from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 17 seconds. [ 7 ] This engine was developed from the Tico unit by Tickford. a UK company based in Milton Keynes. The Tickford connection was acknowledged in the brochures distributed in UK showrooms.

It was released mainly with three trim levels: E, S and SE. The latter had air conditioning, wheel covers, body-colored bumpers, rear spoiler, fog lights and a stereo, with optional features such as roof rails, power steering, central locking, electric front windows, ABS and driver airbag. [ 9 ] In certain markets it was also available with an automatic transmission.

Copying controversy [ edit ]

The Chery QQ became the center of an industrial copyright and intellectual rights controversy, as General Motors claimed the car was a copy of the Daewoo Matiz. GM executives demonstrated the extent of the design duplication, noting for example that the doors of the QQ and those of the Spark are interchangeable [ 10 ] without modification.

GM China Group indicated the two vehicles shared remarkably identical body structure, exterior design, interior design and key components [ 10 ] [ 11 ] and Car and Driver called the QQ a carbon copy , while the International Herald Tribune . in a 2005 article, referred to it as a clone. [ 12 ]

Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars

The Detroit News reported that the dispute reflects the confusion, risks and ambitions in China’s new auto industry, where global carmakers are battling pugnacious upstarts for a piece of what may become the world’s largest auto market. [ 13 ]

The ZAP Xebra was a similar intellectual property violation by another Chinese carmaker. As the Xebra was sold in the US, which protects intellectual property rights, GM was able to sue to stop its importation. [ citation needed ]

M150 (2000–2005) [ edit ]

Facelifted M150-series Daewoo Matiz

This facelift was designed at Daewoo’s Worthing Technical Centre in England and introduced in South Korea in late 2000, and exported from 2001. The front-end structure was modified to accommodate a four-cylinder engine, although the introduction of this engine, the 1.0-litre S-Tec unit. was delayed until after Daewoo’s takeover by General Motors in 2002.

M150 is still produced by UzDaewooAuto in Uzbekistan. In South Korea and Japan this updated Matiz was sold under the name Daewoo Matiz II .

Lechi [ edit ]

In China the car was sold as the Chevrolet Lechi. It remained in production until 2012, when an updated version was introduced as the Baojun Lechi. It is to be offered under both Chevrolet and Baojun brands during a transition period. [ 14 ] The Lechi has also received certain powertrain updates, making the car economical enough to qualify for a subsidy and a tax break from the Chinese government. [ 14 ]

Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars
Chevrolet Spark EV Electric Cars

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