Ferrari LaFerrari Hy Kers 2013

8 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Ferrari LaFerrari Hy Kers 2013 отключены
Ferrari LaFerrari Electric Cars

Ferrari LaFerrari Hy Kers

The new Ferrari supercar succeeding to the finally was launched at the 2013 Motor Show. It is the most Ferrari homologated for the road a combination of mid engine V12 and Hy Kers electric motor. The design of the was extensively developed in wind It is called LaFerrari.

Only 499 will be produced.

Here is the introductory explanation: We chose to this model LaFerrari it is the maximum expression of what our company excellence. Excellence is in of technological innovation, performance, design and the sheer thrill of Aimed at our collectors, this is a extraordinary car which encompasses solutions that, in the future, find their way onto the of the range, and it represents the benchmark for the automotive industry. LaFerrari is the expression of our company’s unique, engineering and design know-how, that acquired in Formula 1.

The is constructed around a carbon structure already unveiled at Paris Mondial. (see N27/28 and 28/28 above). The includes Hy-Kers system by Formula One technology recovering energy for an additional propulsion The electric energy is stored in high power battery 60 kg. The electric motor has a maximum of 120 kW (163 hp) and maximum torque of 270 Nm (28

The 65 V12 engine has a capacity of 6.262 cc cu.in.) and has a maximum power of 588 kW hp) at 9.000 rpm while the maximum is announced for 700 Nm (71 kgm) at 6.500

The maximum speed is claimed at 350 kph (217 mph) while 0 to 100 kph (62 is announced to require below 3 0 to 300 kph (186 mph) is claimed to be in 15 seconds.

Official Press content

The LaFerrari represents most ambitious project yet to the boundaries of technology on a road drawing together the finest of the marque’s technical capabilities in GT and Formula 1 engineering. It boasts the extreme performance ever by a Ferrari production car and features the advanced and innovative technical which will, in the future, down to the rest of the Ferrari With production limited to 499 examples, LaFerrari continues tradition in building uncompromising cars for a small number of discerning clients.

ARCHITECTURE

The architecture represents the pinnacle of even by Ferrari’s legendary The objective was to increase aerodynamic deliver ideal weight lower the car’s centre of as far as possible, and, most of all, seamlessly integrate the new system. All of this and more has achieved without impinging on space, comfort or accessibility.

to the last limited series the bodywork is narrower and lower to maximum aerodynamic efficiency. The of gravity was lowered by 35 mm by redesigning the and integration of all of the main components and the interface, resulting in superior and responsiveness. Completely revised distribution means that the are now inside the wheelbase, guaranteeing the a low polar moment of inertia, stability and grip in all driving with 59 per cent of the weight the rear of the car.

One of the greatest challenges in designing the was incorporating the hybrid system. having the same wheelbase and overall length as the Enzo, the incorporates both the hybrid and the F1 dual-clutch gearbox plus cooling systems. In other thanks to some extremely and ingenious engineering and design the running gear of two cars is packaged in the same space as occupied by just one.

on the ergonomically efficient F1 driving in which the driver is lower in the car and reclined, the LaFerrari’s cockpit a greater inclination of the driver’s body, legs and arms. The thus becomes the meeting between sports car and F1 single-seater. was achieved by integrating a fixed, seat lower in the chassis to the driver’s sensitivity to the vehicle’s behaviour.

The pedal box is adjustable to that the driver’s legs are at the angle to allow absolutely control of both brake and Similarly the new, smaller wheel is adjustable for reach and in Thanks to the chassis design and aperture, the car is easier to get in and out of without cockpit space.

POWERTRAIN

The is the first ever car with technology to come out of Maranello. The V12 produces 800 CV and the electric motor a 12o kW (163 CV) for a total of over 960 CV. to the huge technological leap represented by the HY-KERS system, the is the most high performance and Ferrari ever built.

full use of Ferrari’s F1 expertise KERS systems which has further developed for application to cars, the HY-KERS guarantees integration between the V12 and the electric seamlessly blending extreme with maximum efficiency. The levels of torque available at low from the electric motor the engineers to optimise the internal engine’s performance at higher thus providing unending throughout the rev range and a maximum peak of over 900 Nm.

This has not involved any increase in the car’s or its wheelbase and has, in fact, lower its centre of gravity. The F1 gearbox is coupled with the motor and an auxiliary electric replaces the traditional alternator, saving weight and reducing the dimensions of the packaging. In addition, the solution was designed from the to be flexible and modular to enable its for application to other models in the

The electric motor was designed High Specific Power technology which enabled the to drastically reduce weight and in relation to available torque. The is performance figures that are to those of the F1 car with the same density and the same efficiency or, in other words, very power dissipation.

Battery was an essential factor in optimising the weight-power ratio with the aim to maximise performance while fuel consumption. The solution was an complex system consisting of 120 assembled into eight modules, with a power that’s the equivalent of 40 traditional but weighing just 60 kg. The high-voltage are actually assembled in-house by the racing department.

The batteries are charged in two different under braking even braking when the ABS intervenes, as when driving on a track and time the V12 produces more than required, such as in In the latter instance, rather the being sent to the wheels, the torque is converted to energy and in the batteries.

The HY-KERS system is by the Hybrid Power Unit controls the power delivery both the V12 and the electric motor via two and two DC-DC converters. The variable-frequency makes torque delivery and precise.

This technology has Ferrari’s engineers to maximise and reduce fuel consumption. C02 have been reduced to 330 without resorting to electric-only which was not within the mission of model. The HY-KERS system is, designed so that in future a car can be driven using exclusively power for a few kilometres and, development testing, a full-electric of LaFerrari achieved just 220 of C02 emissions on the combined cycle.

THE V12


The cc V12 is the most powerful naturally-aspirated ever used on Ferrari a car. As well as producing 800 CV, the V12 to 9250 rpm which guarantees performance and driving pleasure as as that unmistakable Ferrari V12

These completely unprecedented can be attributed to work carried out in areas: volumetric, mechanical and efficiency. To increase volumetric the LaFerrari employs continuously intakes a mainstay in F1 engine until rule changes its use which boost performance. As the of the inlet tracts vary in with engine speed, the and power curves are optimised the rev range to suit the torque of the electric motor.

Total generated by the V12 together with the motor is over 900 Nm, with the torque from the electric being employed at lower and with the V12 engine power and optimised at higher revs. The peak torque of 700 Nm is in fact at 6750 rpm.

In addition the intake system from the air intakes on the top of the rear wheelarches to the plenum was designed to maximise volume efficiency. The engine boasts a very high compression ratio for maximum chamber efficiency.

Improvements in efficiency involved a number of most importantly the crankshaft has been lightened and incorporates more aerodynamically efficient webs to reduce pumping The crankshaft design also masses around the rotation which cut overall mass by 19 per cent.

Last but not least, one of the signatures is its engine sound. to tuning of the exhaust in particular, the has an unmistakable Ferrari V12 soundtrack. The 6-into-1 exhaust system was using Inconel as in F1 to help overall weight down the additional benefit of very temperature resistance characteristics.

AND BODYSHELL

To attain the performance set for the LaFerrari, Ferrari drew not on the Scuderia’s F1 experience in the choice of design and engineering, but brought in the of Rory Byrne, the legendary F1 who was responsible for no fewer than 11 of World Championship-winning cars.

A working group of GT and F1 engineers a chassis which would maximum rigidity and minimum despite the constraints imposed by the hybrid system. During the phase a number of functions integrated within the chassis to reduce weight. One example is the structure which is part of the lowering weight and ensuring a compact architecture and a lower of gravity.

These uncompromising guaranteed a significant improvement in characteristics over the chassis of the Ferrari, with torsional increased by 27 per cent and beam up by 22 per cent, while weight has by 20 per cent.

The chassis is built in-house in Maranello alongside the F1 using the Scuderia’s materials and processes. Just like in F1, composites of aeronautical derivation are four different types of are used, because each of the body-in-black is engineered to guarantee the requirements it has to meet.

Most of the tub is of T800 a first in the automotive with both fabric and tape being strategically laid up to ensure that the material is in the right place.

unidirectional tape and fabric is in areas that are important for compartment protection, such as the and the sills. Its high energy characteristics pass the strictest legislation norms. Structural of the body are made using unidirectional tape and fabric is extremely rigid, but lightweight.

For the carbon-fibre is combined with specialist composite material, which is used to protect the structure from road damage.

The multi-material approach was for the entire body-in-black in order to the number of components to the benefit of weight. An example is the one-piece section, which is a single hand laid-up using a of M46J and T800 carbon-fibres to a very lightweight, yet rigid

The carbon-fibre is cured in the same used for the F1 chassis in two phases 130and 150 C using vacuum to remove any voids in the laminate.

Aerodynamics play an essential in the LaFerrari’s exceptional performance and are example of the uncompromising carry-over of F1 to Ferrari’s production models. The aim was to deliver the highest degree of efficiency ever achieved any road car, with a of nearly 3, thanks to technical honed with CFD analysis and in the F1 Wind Tunnel. Working with the aerodynamics department, Styling Centre incorporated advanced solutions into the design and the result is the perfect of form and function, making the efficient use of the air flows around and the car’s body.

What this design so innovative is its use of aerodynamics conceived as a seamless of the car’s other dynamic systems to deliver a genuine in overall performance. The integration the car’s controls and dynamic ensures that the active adjust continually to hone the downforce and its balance via the front and devices. In this way the LaFerrari the maximum downforce and minimum coefficient at every speed and in driving condition.

Thanks to its low height and reduced width, the LaFerrari has an extremely frontal section for low drag and the streamlined shape of the greenhouse the air flow towards the rear intakes.

The front wing was specifically to increase downforce by the negative effects of pitch caused by the pronounced splitters. A central air vent on the front channels hot air away from the The front spoiler directs the flow to the front of the outlet to its efficiency, thus creating on the front section of the bonnet generates downforce.

A central helps keep the airstream the vent close to the bodywork to the wake, while the rear of the vent reduces drag.

The behind the front wheelarches the extraction of air from around the and improves the efficiency of the front as well as increasing downforce. The wheelarches direct the airflow which is then channelled by the along the groove of the doors to the radiators.

At the rear of the car, a of engine air intakes on the top of the rear boost dynamic ram effect increases power output by 5 CV. The of the one-piece rear section and are designed to maximise downforce.

development work was dedicated to airflow under the car with a number of advanced solutions adopted directly from F1. include front vortex to boost downforce and efficiency.

A dam at the front of the car improves the efficiency of the and the forward section of the underbody. area in front of the wheels diffusers which feature expansion characteristics for the front and the of the tyre, with vertical which maximise the extraction

Ferrari LaFerrari Electric Cars

The active aerodynamics package on the of the car plays an essential role as it changes the configuration below the car as the rear spoiler is deployed:

The flaps on the rear diffuser to increase air expansion and thus capacity

• The flaps on the diffuser rise to increase and generate the downforce required to that at the rear

• The vane on the front underbody, at high speeds channels air away from the front to reduce drag, closes to efficiency.

STYLING

The LaFerrari melds cutting-edge formal and research and aerodynamic functionality, a achieved by the synergies from the of the model’s inception between Styling Centre, headed by chief Flavio Manzoni, and the and development departments.

The LaFerrari’s silhouette and proportions are the very product of its architecture and the layout of its running gear. The design is and innovative, yet its sleek profile true to Ferrari’s classic longitudinal V12 sports car archetype: the and engine compartment volumes are within the wheelbase to achieve the possible balance of its masses. the addition of the HY-KERS system has not in an increase in dimensions, but a better between the car’s front and overhangs.

Seen from the side the car has a downward-sloping nose and a very low which emphasises its muscular The result is strongly reminiscent of the exuberant forms of late-1960s sports prototypes, such as the 330 P4 and the The ratio of the front and wheelarch are also very much in with Ferrari tradition.

The body has been given a treatment heavily influenced by its Its elegantly sculpted forms a sense of huge power and to the wheelarches, with surfaces fluidly rearwards over the and beautifully resolved forms give shape to the volumes This fluid surface provides both the exceptional and downforce characteristics required by the as well as very efficiently air to the components requiring cooling.

The front section incorporates a front wing that suspended on a single central beneath the nose, a clearly choice. Nowhere is the car’s sporty character more than in its tail section its muscular power is uncompromisingly Here two deep grooves from the interplay of surfaces the imposing wheelarches.

These channel hot air from the engine bay and in so contribute to boosting downforce at the of the car.

The engine compartment in a full-width nolder beneath is concealed an unprecedented active device. Sitting on a central which is stylistically reminiscent of the one and which also serves to the HY-KERS system, is a large spoiler which deploys and does not impinge upon the design of the tail.

The lower of the tail features bare and is dominated by deep apertures and a diffuser equipped with flaps that adjust the motorised spoiler is deployed.

The driving position is an entirely new and draws heavily on F1. Both Alonso and Felipe Massa directly involved in its development, in a functional cockpit that is delivering the perfect marriage of and modernity. The ergonomics of the LaFerrari’s position actually turn road car concepts on their and has a design normally seen in racing cars: the seat is but both the steering wheel and box are highly adjustable to accommodate the preferred position.

The door are a genuinely integrated part of the design as their sculpted shells sleekly and efficiently hug its to afford occupants the greatest freedom of movement.

The LaFerrari’s wheel is another clear of Ferrari’s on-going commitment to the of in-depth RD embarked upon in the The car’s various functions are on the wheel Formula 1-style. The paddles are now longer and more

The signature bridge, on which the F1 gearbox functions are clustered, has on a sleek, suspended wing-like on which the buttons are arranged for efficiency. Lastly, the satellite from which the instrument functions and infotainment (audio, sat nav and are controlled have been respectively, to the door and an island at the of the dashboard with the latter including a very compact control panel.

For the first time on a Ferrari the features a reconfigurable, 12.3” instrument panel which the driver the choice of either a featuring the traditional central rev or a much more competition-style designed for track use.

DYNAMICS

The LaFerrari is the first Ferrari to integrate the dynamic systems with active and the hybrid system. Proprietary algorithms govern all the systems so the car can reach the most extreme of performance, aerodynamic efficiency and without any form of compromise in any

Thanks to myriad innovations the board in its design and construction, the delivers absolutely exceptional establishing itself as Ferrari’s road car. The LaFerrari more than 5 seconds off the lap record at the Fiorano circuit.

huge progress was made to the hybrid technology and evolutions in and damping control, brakes and The integrated development of the entire particularly the tyres and suspension means that torque in the of over 900 Nm can be fed through the wheels. levels of torque are produced by the effect of the V12 engine and the electric which provides instantaneous at all times.

When the car is cornering, the keeps the V12’s revs up to quicker response times to the pedal and, when out of a bend, the traction control constantly controls and distributes to the driven wheels thanks to the differential, which maximises and the stability control system, monitors the car’s reactions. there is excess engine the HY-KERS diverts this to the batteries and delivers extra to the wheels when required constant, blistering performance.

The are equipped with new lightweight specifically designed to boost and new discs. This technology the friction of the braking surface of the and improves consistency and fade with the result that deceleration is improved by 15 per cent, a 30 m reduction in stopping distances 200 to 0 km/h. The braking system is integrated with all the other dynamics systems so that the system goes into braking mode which that the batteries are recharged under very hard with the ABS active.

The levels of meant that Ferrari has for a very specific tyres with 265/30 R 19 Prelli on the front and 345/20 R 20s on the rear. to the integration of the dynamic control the active aerodynamics and mechanical the response time to steering inputs when turning a corner is 30 per cent faster and acceleration in corners increases by 20 per

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Ferrari LaFerrari Electric Cars

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