29 мая 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи English отключены
Fiat Electric Cars

A electric Fiat 500, of the electric retrofit of an Italian

I don’t know about but every time that I see an Fiat 500 at some car demolition, I a stitch in my heart. The Fiat 500 is of Italian history more or on the level of Garibaldi, the legs of Loren and the ones of Gino A small big idea, together the Fiat 600, that has millions of Italians to drive and has motorisation to the masses of Italy.

at it nowadays, it does not seem a big deal, but 40 years ago a vehicle of transporting a family (at least one of with foldable children mine) in the countryside, and daddy to day in and day out, was a real revolution. the mid sixties it has been, in many both the first and second car. The one for her: this cute thing.

Pleasant yet with enough space for a of children and the shopping of the day.

Of this was millions of years but today something like fiat 500 of the 5 million made are around. Loved and cared super protected from and Rust, the ONLY real of this small car. But year, because of legal that limits urban for non catalysed cars, tens of of 500 end their life ingloriously or even more likely, for spare parts. So, here we another motive for bringing the idea of the electric retrofit.

look at this vehicle the point of view of an electrical

The ideal electrical vehicle for use in the surroundings and for commuting should be:


*Small (short and

*With narrow road to limit use of energy, more here than extensive grip.

*Economical and practical to from maintenance to small

The electric Fiat 500, from its irresistible appeal, perfectly all these points. it’s difficult to find an car on the very modest Italian with the same characteristics.

empty weight (without is around 400 Kg.

*The Fiat 500 is the and narrowest car produced in significant still on the road, and it is authorized to 4 people.

*Likewise the front is the one of all cars circulating.

*The coefficient, like the one of the Fiat its better than one might thanks to the closed frontal: 0,38 (A lot of modern small are less aerodynamic). It can be improved, around 0,35, if the bottom of the car is of with a sheet of PVC or similar in with the motor.

*The tyres with their wheel rim, are, though they are narrow, deformable. When possible should be replaced by radial or even with the ones made for electrical vehicles.

electrical vehicles on the market have notable problems availability and cost of spare Spare parts for the Fiat 500 are found, and even at RIDICULOUS 60 Euro for a set of headlamps, 10 Euro for a set of lamps, 30 Euro for a front 200 euro for a complete side If any of you recently have had to substitute a mirror on a small utility you know what I mean.

How do you do it?

In Italy it is difficult, because of the gordian knots of administration and of the bel paese . Knots that be cut with the direct intervention by the power. A proposal has been by ASPO Italia (www.aspoitalia.net) for an to the newest legislation in this

. But in the meantime.

One could transform own Fiat 500 to EV and have it authorized by the Italian department of TÜV German technical approvement have it registrated with licence plates, and then reimport it to Italy, at the cost of thousand Euro.

Another the one I have chosen, is to create an for the purpose of building, testing and EV’s, and then have a licence plate released. You need an insurance for this Then you go on the road, doing all the and lobbying necessary to have legislator taking action.

In when you have a new idea, or a an alternative one, and if you decide to put in front of promoting it, your is all steep uphill. I will you the chronicle of the numerous visits, calls, explanations, administrative quarrels and protests necessary, but it is to make it. The means to open the door on its rusty hinges to the administration, has been her: the 500. It has been ONLY I explained what kind of car I to transform to EV and why, and ONLY that the engineer at the road office softened up.

Thousands of came on in his eyes, and a smile down the iron curtain of the bureaucrat.

Understanding this and arriving at point, I was over the top, and by the way I give a warm thanks to civil servants for their and immediate engagement, that has the first road tests of the

Okay, you would say, but how do you convert a Fiat 500? To there is nothing difficult. is difficult is to find someone IN that can do it, but in other countries, legislation is less restrictive, conversions are being done, for the part, as a sort of advanced

In fact, you need to have a capacity and know-how in the electro sector. The main obstacle, the of the electric motor to the original can easily be overcome by one of the many that make mechanical and things similar. The gearbox of the 500 is, in elementary, very light and only a ridiculous amount of

If you leave it in you can use a more efficient with less torque.

but HOW MUCH does it cost to to EV? That’s a good question, and the answer is: it depends.

If you are all into impassioned by do-it-yourself electronics, time, patience, will and if you succeed, in some way to have the authorized roadworthy it COULD like a couple of thousand This could be less if you are so as to make your own controller, a motor from a dismissed find the electronics here and and you succeed in putting it all together being fulminated.

More rialistic, the cost be in the order of anything from 5000 Euro, for a good conversion using branded electronics to around 12.000 using exceptional quality and exotic batteries like ion polymers (the ones I for the 500), lithium ions, nickel iduris etc.

At point, if you are not doing it yourself, you to add the cost of the artisan that on an average, do the work in a week or so. At point it’s important to that these are the expenses of one and that these expenses A LOT if numerous equal conversions are This is actually the statutory of the newly born Euro-Zev

Its important to understand that, from the batteries, the cost of the is a one time expense. Am electric motor have a rating of 100.000 hours use, in something like 3.000.000 Km.

The consists of replacement of the motor and then its ready again for 3.000.000 km. All in all you can say that a conversion of an vehicle to EV also means a (or better: abandoning) of ideas and that we are familiar to with cars.

No more service oil filters, spark plugs, radiators, exhaust silencers, filters etc. The expenditure for the is rapidly gained by the low cost of the vehicle. EVs are around 3 times as as normal cars (around 6 in city traffic).

You save in repairs, and in Italy you pay less tax for a EV and is only 50%. (around 200 a year.

How is it to drive the EV and how much do you have?

Again, it depends. Among things it depends on the motor one has on its torque, on the quality and quantity of on board etc. The electric 500 is and build to have performances to the original configuration, and for the maximum within the limits of budget and that we had decided.

Fiat Electric Cars

The technical is:

electric motor: Landi DC, 13 KW 96 V excited.

Batteries: Kokam 96 V 100 Ah with a total of around 9.6 Kwh

Phoenix 600 A with capacity of retrieval during motor (up to 3 Kw)

Converter DC/DC: Landi for the 12 V circuit)

Charger: Zivan 20 Ah.

In a compromise between economy, of construction, specific competence of the and performances in terms of efficiency and The first results emerging the first test run are: 14 Km. without economising and with acceleration and sudden braking: 1,2 KWh Translated into comprehensive with the energy compared to a of petroleum we could cover like 115 Km.

How do you drive it?

You drive it as you a normal 500. We have the original gearbox with all its and defects. Changing gears without problems: You need to how to synchronize the electric motor the gear (obligatory with the If you’re not in a hurry, you can easily up in the 3rd gear, if not you start up in the second.

You go to the 3rd and keep it there until you Only if your speed is 65 Km/h. it’s convenient to use the In some testing I did on REAL with turns, hills I reached speeds in eccess of 100

On the real highways at decent ( 80 km/h) and in the real traffic I in covering 85 km between two charges Siena-Grosseto distance, check by There are still some tuning to do but the result is amazing.

driving it’s funny to the look in the eyes of the people at the traffic light crossings. when you speed away a whistle.

The electric conversion of the 500 is the result of the voluntary work of Falci of the Egraf Lineadue in The car is financed and owned by Pietro from Fiesole.

For more click here for photo 1 and photo album 2. Sorry, the are only in Italian.

The EURO-ZEV are at the present moment:

Pietro President, financier, author and of the Fiat 500.

Ugo Bardi: of electrical motorisation. Professor of chemistry at the University of Florence. of ASPO italia.

Massimo De Consultant on electrical vehicles and

Riccardo Falci: Constructor and

Giovanni Pancali: Moral

Corrado Petri: Electronic director of the automation sector of .

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