Hybrid Hypermiling Hybrid EcoDriving Ultra High MPG

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HONDA Insight 1.3 IMA HE CVT Continuosuly Variable

A. LOOSE OLD-BAD, DEVELOP NEW DRIVING HABITS

B. MPG VS. MPH SWEET RANGES

C. ROLLING FRICTION AND SELECTION

D. ICE FRICTION AND MOTOR OIL

E. HEATING/VENTILATION/AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC)

PER-TANK-FULL FUEL ECONOMY DRIVING *HYBRID $MART*

TO 67.5 AVG. MPG

Hybrid CADDY IN A KIMONO — v Station Wagon New In 2012

PREFACE, PURPOSE INTENT: 10 Hybrid Basics Best Tips Guide To Prius High MPG web page was designed to be a Shop where fuel conscious Prius hybrid can quickly get Up On The Fuel Economy regarding learning how to Drive $mart as well as learn a bit hybrid history. It attempts to and lay out in one place, the basic information-knowledge-techniques for Prius hybrid drivers to start achieving day-to-day, fuel economies that meet or beat the Official EPA Economy Rating of their hybrid vehicle.

The genesis for it was I got of forum moderators and their insider associates on the hypermiling and gasoline-electric hybrid sites and admonishing bright-eyed, innocent and other Enquiring Minds Who To Know when they questions. Imagine a Newbie the audacity and daring to ask honest, questions about the Prius on forums only to be admonished and to USE THE SEARCH FUNCTION (ON THE SITE),

As the saying goes, Information Is and too many of those knowledgeable and hypermiling site members Newbies to Kiss Their These less than and helpful knowledgeable site want to make sure exercise questioning Newbies by them jump through hoops and pay some kind of homage to them.

HYBRID IS MPG POWER: T his Ten Tips Guide of is my attempt at helping get Newbies and with MPG Fuel Economy questions to quickly Cut To The Fuel Chase and get HYBRID KNOWLEDGE. By a little time reading my Ten Guide, those who seriously to lower their consumption of can get themselves pointed onto the leading towards $tellar MPG and gain MPG POWER.

Visitors who onto this 10 Hybrid Best Practices Tips To Prius Ultra High MPG from out in the wild and wooly WWW can, at their leisure, find the basic answers to questions here, and find without having to be beat the head and shoulders by a forum or forum insider when have a New-To-Newbies-Old-Stuff-To-Gurus MPG-FE question.

Here, all can learn a few tips on things they do, and new driving behaviors they adopt, which can help work towards maximizing the Fuel Economy (MPG-FE) on Hybrid Synergy Drive Powered Fuel-Sipper Whether it be a 1 st Generation (GEN I/1G) Iconic 2 nd Generation (GEN 2004-2009, Next Generation 3 rd (GEN III/3G) 2009Ѕ new in 2012 with follow-on in Maximus-Versatilius Prius v (vee for ) hybrid station wagon or the put on the road subcompact Prius c and Plug-In (PHEV).

This 10 Guide had a modest start and size at its inception —- alas, it has grown into a miser’s tome. I shall no apologies as to its gargantuan size. It is it is because it is stuffed chock of golden nuggets of MPG-FE To dig and drill down for golden of Ultra-High MPG Fuel Economy, you to carve out a serious-size segment of to set a spell in front of your monitor to read through all the Nuggets of MPG-FE wisdom and discussed here.

After it is all up to you. You have to make the to internalize them and start them to practice. Do so, and you will seeing $tellar fuel numbers.

BE FOREWARNED. The first 2/5 ths or so of article defines, discusses, and an overview of Hybrid Hypermiling / / Ecodriving, along with a few summary snippets of background, and commentary about gasoline-electric vehicles, fuel-efficient driving, and the If you have no interest in this of hybrid vehicle driving history, background information, and you can skip past it all by scrolling to just a bit short of the half way on this web page, to where you see the entitled DRIVING *HYBRID HYBRID BASICS FOR IMPROVED $MILE$ PER GALLON (10 Best For Achieving Stellar Fuel In An OEM Instrumented Prius). This just after the Kammback Rearward Blind Spot discussion and graphics.

Once you can begin reading and digesting the Ten Guide items in earnest.

is much information, and many to chew on and digest in this 10 Hybrid Basics/ Best Guide buffet of Prius material. The best way to implement and the different Ultra High-MPG Economy tips and techniques your personal driving to from being overwhelmed by it is to work on implementing and mastering tip or technique, one at a time.

The Microsoft® Readability Statistics Assessment of the Ten Guide is: Flesch-Kinkaid Grade Score of 17.4 and Flesch Ease Score (FRES) of Therefore, I recommend charging up favorite mega-ounce drinking with coffee, tea or other of your choice, prior to in, commencing, and proceeding with a read of its 16,000+ words.

Dig in and the time necessary to work you way it, and I am confident you will be rewarded a golden nugget of information or two or or . which will help you up the Per Tank-Full Fuel Economy of your hybrid fuel-sipper with your next

HYBRID HYPERMILING/PSEUDO-HYPERMILING/ECODRIVING DEFINED : The goal, and purpose of Hybrid /Pseudo-Hypermiling/ EcoDriving is to achieve fuel use efficiency by incrementally the greatest travel distance out of drop of fuel drawn a hybrid vehicle’s fuel That is, Hybrid Hypermiling EcoDriving is manipulating and minimizing vehicle’s fuel consumption as you its inertia and momentum to have it maximum fuel economy per traveled.

Hybrid Pseudo-Hypermilers or operate hybrid vehicles an overall strategy that pre-operative set-ups with incremental fuel-efficiency focused techniques. These set-ups and permit these hybrid to minimize instantaneous fuel and gasoline engine operation traveling from Point B-. -To-Point N, thereby, causing the to significantly surpass its official EPA economy ratings.

There are drivers who practice a Strict or type of Hybrid Hypermiling/EcoDriving. drivers usually have add-on after market performance monitoring instrumentation in their vehicles, and employ techniques that most would consider to be extreme. I am not one of drivers.

I am an ultra-high fuel economy who operates my hybrid car using its OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer), stock instrumentation while it at a level just below strict-extreme level of Hybrid I call myself, and other like me who practice this lawful and unobtrusive level of efficient driving, Pseudo-Hypermilers/EcoDrivers.

Pseudo-Hypermiler/EcoDrivers stealthily and inconspicuously fuel-saving techniques, and would drive breaking traffic or to impede or obstruct traffic on the highways and byways they They have learned how to In Plain Sight And Stay of other drivers on the road them as they drive the highways and byways in pursuit of High MPG Fuel Economy. is, they have mastered how to In Plain Sight midst the milling gas guzzling herd, as fuel efficiently flow the road easily logging High MPG numbers at 125% of the EPA MPF-FE Rating, which can to upwards of 130% to 140+% of

Let me emphasis that, unlike Hypermilers . Pseudo-Hypermilers drive inconspicuously, safely, responsibly, and They adher to traffic as they employ fuel driving strategies, considerations and to the Day-To-Day Travel/Daily Commuting of their OEM equipped and instrumented vehicles. Their stealthy, $mart fuel economy driving works to optimize and gasoline mileage and fuel without impinging on other on the road.

They extract the distance out of every drop of they purchase and put into hybrid vehicle’s fuel while driving safely and in the process of doing of it.

If you should see a hybrid driver exhibiting driving behaviors, in an apparent to save fuel, they are an Extreme Hybrid Hypermiler, not a Driving actions and behaviors as, high-speed wheeling of corners braking, rolling through signs, driving too slow for flow conditions, impeding or normal traffic flow so as to a line of traffic to form them or motoring down the with their Hazard Lights on and flashing or signaling following directly behind by Brake Check tapping brake lights are all indicative of an Hybrid Hypermiler.

Anyone can an Ultra High MPG Pseudo-Hypermiler/EcoDriver, by understanding the hybrid vehicle’s installed performance monitoring and then safely and lawfully basic knowledge about hybrid-powered vehicles to their vehicle to their best economy advantage.

Any newbie, or I Just Drive It Hybrid who decides to incorporate basic car knowledge and Hybrid Pseudo-Hypermiling/EcoDriving into their Day-To-Day/Real-World can significantly improve the miles-per-gallon/liters-per-100 fuel economy delivered to by their hybrid vehicle.

ME, MY AND THE HYBRID WATERFRONT : I have and driven the first Prius, an 2G, since 2006. It was replaced a new 2012 Prius v Station by Santa on December 25, 2011.

My Prius was what is commonly to as the iconic Second Generation Prius Hybrid Sedan By the Christmas Gifting beneficence of my wife, that Prius 2G was traded in on a new, 2012 v Station Wagon during the Holidays, two months after the Versatile vee was introduced in the Fall of

When traffic, road and conditions permit, I employ lawful and an unobtrusive Ultra-High Economy Hybrid Hypermiling/EcoDriving in driving the iconic GEN II/2G, and now the In A Kimono vee. The reward my Pseudo Hypermiling / EcoDriving is EPA beating, Stellar MPG-FE. The in this e-article is centered my personal experience in applying Pseudo-Hypermiling/EcoDriving Techniques to my OEM instrumented, and Hybrid Synergy Drive System powered and controlled hybrid vehicles.

The multiple Per average MPG-FE for my tank of gas over the last nearly (5) years, as read-out and logged the Multi-Function Display (MFD) of my 2G, ranged over the low-to-mid 50s to 60s MPG. These MPG-FE were/are dependent on seasonal variations over the year, with the amount of HVAC conditioner use.

These Stellar Miles-Per-Gallon Fuel Performance numbers include a

2± MPG Hit on me by the State Of Florida and Federal when Florida implemented the mandated use of petroleum-based gasoline water-down with 10% Ethanol, as out in the U.S. Energy Independence and Act of 2007.

The government, with its new federal law, and the associated state-level law mandating ethanol fuel use in motor vehicles, MPGs and $$$s from all whether they are driving a and conventionally-powered vehicle. This mandate forced me to begin the less energy dense E10 UP TO 10% ETHANOL 90:10 Gasohol in May when my state implemented it. I been burning this energy dense, ten-percent diluted E10 Gasohol ever May 2008 when Florida it be dispensed and sold in my area.

I and continue to carry out my personal War On Terrorism — One Gallon Of Not Consumed-Purchased At A Time, a s per barrel oil prices fluctuated, and have between $40± to $140±, gasoline prices at the pump between $1.40± and $4.00± per Through it all, my application of Pseudo-Hypermiling/EcoDriving delivered Stellar, of the EPA Fuel Economy Estimate economy numbers to me, which has for fabulous five-plus (5+) sipping years.

PERSONAL ECONOMY NOTE: My Prius Warfighters’ have propelled me and my 60,000+ miles down road in our pursuit of liberty and My lifetime, cumulative average economy driving over miles is running at 60± MPG. Savings In Fuel Consumption — 4,000± Gallons Of Of Black Liquid Arabian Saved.

The Family CFO, my loves the $-$-$-$avings.

Vehicles using versions and technical of Toyota ‘s Full Hybrid Synergy Drive system are the Prius Hybrid and the hybrid versions of the Camry . and Lexus as well as Ford / Fusion Mercury Mariner/Milan and Altima hybrids. The Ford Mercury Mariner/Milan licenses key of Toyota’s Hybrid System and the Nissan Altima licenses the Hybrid Synergy Drive system from Toyota .

the concepts and contents in this article also have application to vehicles powered by Integrated Motor Assist Hybrid Gas-Electric Drive in the Hybrid Civic, Insight and new CR-Z as well as to General Saturn Vue/Aura and Chevrolet Green Line Mild and GMC/Chevrolet/Saturn Tahoe/Yukon/Vue Two-Mode Hybrids as well as other hybrid Chrysler-Dodge Aspen/Durango, BMW and the Direct Hybrid vehicles.


HYBRID-DRIVE RECENT HISTORY : Let me share some recent hybrid vehicle history you here. Hybrid cars being offered by Toyota and and used on the streets of Japan in the 1990s. The Honda Insight with its Integrated Motor (IMA) and the Toyota Prius its First Generation (1G/GEN Toyota Hybrid System hybrid gas-electric drive systems were designed and as gas-electric hybrid cars the ground up.

Honda s IMA-Powered aluminum-bodied was first offered for sale in the in 1999. Toyota s THS-Powered started being sold in the in 2000 (MY 2001).

The original 61/65/70 MPG 2-Door/2-Passenger w/ Hatchback Insight is no longer in production 2006), but its Integrated Motor (IMA) Hybrid-drive solution has bolted into a standard Civic 4-Door/5-Passenger sedan to form what is today s MPG Honda Civic Hybrid A new 2010 model, 40/41/43 MPH Hatchback Honda Hybrid, was bearing the Insight II nameplate a 2011 CR-Z Hybrid for sale in the USA beginning in August

Until and through 2003, offered the earlier First (1G/GEN I) 52/48/45 MPG NHW11 in the U.S. with its gas-electric solution called the Toyota System (THS) . This Generation (1G/GEN I) Prius in a conventional, 5-passenger compact sized chassis design a conventional, non-hatchback/liftback trunk.

In the First Generation (1G/GEN Prius THS hybrid-drive was upgraded, and its replaced. It was replaced by a new Pre-2008 EPA Mode 51/55/60 MPG Second (2G/GEN II) NHW20 Hybrid Drive (HSD) powered delivering improved fuel along with more power in a new, unique low of aerodynamic drag (Cd = 0.26) 4-Door Sedan Liftback/Hatchback This 2G/GEN II/NHW20 HSD the 1G/GEN I/NWH11 THS system and has sold in the U.S. from year 2004 through

In the Spring of 2009, the 2G/GEN was replaced by the 3G/GEN III, to today version ZVW30 Generation Prius model, the new Caddy In A Kimono Prius v Wagon, introduced in Model 2012.

2009 is the last the EPA 45/46/48 MPG (Pre-2008 EPA Method: MPG) 2G/GEN II Prius was The 2010 3G Prius came out i n Year 2010. Toyota 2G/GEN II with their and hybrid technology upgraded Generation (3G/GEN III) Model Prius. The 2010 3G is the 100 MPG Prius that written in the news.

Its best-case fuel per Japan’s 10.15 Mode Cycle was touted as 100± with a nominal MPG of 75-85. The 3G Prius garnered an Official EPA Economy Rating of 48/50/51 MPG the Pre-2008 EPA Test Method, 48/50/51 MPG would likely into something like MPG ).

Real-World expectations were this Next Generation of would deliver a modest improvement in City MPG, its EPA fuel efficiency rating up 48 to 51 EPA MPG (Up to 64-68 MPG using Pre-2008 EPA Method). These expectations met.

There are many being offered and touted as Green Hybrids, but, in my the only technologically elegant hybrid solution on the market is Toyota s Hybrid Synergy (HSD). Here a listing of the gasoline-electric hybrid car drive solutions, versions which are offered/marketed by Toyota, Honda, Ford/Mercury, General Motors Chrysler-Dodge, BMW, Mercedes. I list them next in order along with comments.

1. TOYOTA HYBRID DRIVE (HSD)/FORD HYBRID Toyota s Hybrid Synergy (HSD) tops the list. Its is a full Serial/Parallel Hybrid, and is the truly Full-Time Hybrid The Generation II (GEN II/2G) HSD is in all the 2004-2009 Prius cars as as the Hybrid Camry . Hybrid Lexus LS600hL/LS/GS/RX/HS/ CT Hybrids and Altima Hybrid Platforms.

The GEN HSD was followed by the improved GENERATION III III/3G) HSD used in the 2010-2013 Hatchback, and newly launched 1st vee Prius v Station Wagon.

each uses an ICE displacent and set of control parameters tailored to each platform. Prius is from the Camry . which is from the Highlander, which is from the LS600hL/LS/GS/RX/HS/ CT, which are all from the Altima .

As previously a licensed version of the 2G/GEN II HSD is in the Hybrid Nissan Altima 21 licensed hybrid patents Toyota s older 1G/GEN I THS and incorporated into the Ford — Mercury Mariner/Milan Drive design solution.

s gas-electric hybrid solution the characteristics of a pure electric (EV) drive and a continuously transmission (CVT) and uses and control electronics and software in of toothed gears. The Hybrid Drive is a drive-by-wire system no direct mechanical connection the engine and the driver-operated engine Both the gas throttle pedal and the lever in an HSD equipped car merely electrical signals to a control which manages and handles

The 2G/GEN II HSD hybrid system as in the 2004-2009 Prius . delivers an 71% increase in CITY DRIVING economy over what the 1.5 I-4 ICE in the Prius would deliver it to be utilized to power and drive the chassis in a non-hybrid, conventional Cycle gasoline-powered application. The new III 2010 Prius replaced the 1.5 I-4 ICE with a 1.8 Liter I-4 along adding some new fuel technologies. This change in an

6% increase in Official EPA CITY economy.

2. HONDA INTEGRATED ASSIST (IMA) HYBRID The architecture of Honda s Integrated Assist (IMA) is more a Hybrid or Power Assist gas-electric propulsion system. It in second on my list, a close but still second. As the Assist in the IMA implies, it is not a Full-Time, hybrid whereas, Toyota s HSD is Full-Time. The IMA Hybrid System and follow-on -2, -3 and -4 of added technical enhancements, is to power the original Honda Accord and Civic Hybrid cars as well as follow-on of the HCH. The new 2009Ѕ/2010 Global Honda Hybrid (GSHH), II, was introduced in the Spring of 2009.

The CR-Z Hybrid, which hit in August 2010, has the most updated iteration of the H-IMA

Honda s IMA hybrid car technology an electric motor mounted the engine and transmission to act as a starter engine balancer, and traction-assist In its first generation, IMA did not function to the car on electricity alone, and could use the electric motor to assist or the ICE. Beginning with the Civic Hybrid model, software changes facilitated of the IMA electric motor in the EV (Electric mode while the vehicle is without activating the ICE.

to Toyota s Hybrid Synergy (HSD) or the GM/Daimler-Chrysler/BMW Two-Mode Hybrid, the IMA Hybrid has a less motor-generator. The smaller motor-generator the IMA Hybrid to slow or stop its of deceleration by a lesser extent to the HSD and 2Mode hybrids equipped larger motor-generators. Additionally, the Hybrid cannot operate mechanically turning over the which is directly mechanically in series with the electric

The IMA Hybrid system as installed in the Civic Hybrid (HCH), II, and CR-Z delivers an approximately 63% in CITY DRIVING fuel over what the 1.3 Liter I-4 HCH ICE Liter version in CR-Z ] deliver were it utilized to the Honda Civic/Insight II/CR-Z in a non-hybrid, conventional gasoline-powered

3. GENERAL MOTORS CHEVROLET E-REV/REEV SERIAL HYBRID The Volt’s Voltec drivetrain has a planetary gear set, a of electric motors and gasoline-powered Unlike the Generation I, II and III Toyota . and its plug-in, PHEV version due out in all which are parallel gas-electric cars whose electric gasoline engine or both in can propel them, the Chevrolet is essentially a plug-in, gasoline-electric hybrid car. At speeds 70 MPH, electric drive on its wheels propel the Volt electrically from power from the battery and main bus. These drive receive electric power a common, shared Direct (DC) Bus.

Electric to the DC Bus is supplied by the Volt s traction or its onboard, gas-fueled engine-generator.

The power-train design is centered on it an Electric Vehicle (EV), it is designed to be powered primarily by its of onboard Li-Ion Traction which must be charged up by plugged into the public grid or other suitable power source external to the vehicle. It has a secondary, battery power mode, which is by an onboard, auxiliary conventional internal combustion engine that turns an electric whose electric output is online to power the drive when the traction battery is depleted.

When operating in the Sustaining (CS) Mode at of 70 MPH and above, the ICE is switched from and driving the wheels via connection to generators that electrically the wheels, to having the ICE powering, and providing motive force to the via direct mechanical coupling. is done to gain an additional 10 to 15 of operating efficiency at higher cruise speeds.

GM calls backup, auxiliary gasoline a Range Extender engine. 1.4 Liter I4 Range Extender engine used in the Volt is the gasoline burning, non-Turbo version of the DOHC Ecotec I-4 VVT Turbo (LUJ) engine used in the Chevy Cruze . The engine is married to an electric The primary function of this extending engine-generator combination is to as a fallback, secondary electromotive source to backup the Li-Ion battery array when it can no power the drive motors due to of an electric charge.

In the course of operation, the engine-generator will start up and kick in to supply power to the Volt when its no longer can. W hen in this Mode of operation, this Extender engine-generator does not charge the traction battery excess energy scavenged the ICE, as the parallel hybrid used in the Prius does. the Range Extender engine-generator can be switched on to operate in a traction charge sustaining and assisting CS-Mode (battery depleted, engine on and driving a generator to electric power to the batteries) . by use of the Mode button.

Depressing Drive Mode button switch the Volt out of its default, Normal operating mode Extender Engine-Generator not normally and put it into either the Sport or the mode. Switching the Volt these enhanced performance or Mountain modes causes the Engine-Generator to be switched on, and connect the E-REV/REEV system full-time to supplemental electrical power to the charge of the traction battery with supplying additional power to the drive wheels. As Sport and Mountain names these performance-boosting modes are to provide added zip, (Sport) or added electric for climbing hills, mountains or (Mountain), but at the expense of burning Unleaded priced gasoline and fuel economy.

The E-REV used by GM-Chevrolet to describe the design stands for E lectric-powered R ange E xtender gasoline V ehicle. Another term used to describe the Volt is R E xtended E lectric V ehicle When the Volt is operating in the battery-driven EV mode, it uses no

When the R ange E xtender engine-generator is caused to fire up and in, the Volt s incremental, instantaneous of gasoline fuel economy essentially, the inherent fuel of the onboard Ecotec 1.4L I-4 VVT engine that turns the generator less any power losses.

Depending on traffic and conditions, terrain, air conditioning and usage, operation of electrical driving style, and how heavy a one uses on the throttle pedal, the can travel up to 40± miles on a single, charge of its Li-Ion Traction Per the GM/Chevrolet performance specifications on their official Volt the backup, auxiliary gas-powered will kick in at the point the Li-Ion traction battery drained, depleted. In this backup power mode, the range-extending engine-generator will supply electricity to propel the another several hundred miles or up to 300± miles.

The miles extended-range distance is and assumes the Volt has a topped full tank of gasoline switched into this power mode that up the traction battery when it depleted.

The 40-miles powered by alone added to the 300-miles by the gasoline engine alone the Volt a 340-mile range or a maximum usable circumscribed of action travel distance Point A To Point B Return of without being recharged and

FWIW, Prior to the date of revision to my 10-Tips article, was keeping the size of the gas tank a held secret. Back in 2009, Edmunds-INSIDE LINE the gas tank size would be and went on to speculate that the would get 38± MPG in the Battery Backup, Sustaining Mode. The size of the s fuel tank has now been to be 9.3 gallons, and the official EPA Combined Fuel Economy displayed on the new EPA Sticker is 37 MPG.

As a point of the official EPA MPG Fuel Economy of the 2011 Chevrolet Cruze by the 4-cylinder, 1.4 Liter engine w/ (S6) transmission burning Unleaded is 24 City/28 Combined/36 Taking this 9.3 gallon size, and assuming 1.3 gallon reserve, leaves 8.0 gallons of Using a 34 MPG number, which is to what the average driver see, and doing the math, in [8.0 gal + 1.3 gal] x 34 miles/gal = miles (base) + 44.2 (reserve) = 316.2 miles at dry tank.

This 316-miles range is within the make sure we get 300 miles of fuel range, Chief Engineer, Andrew is targeting.

Using the new, published EPA sticker numbers for the Volt, we see EPA promising 35-miles All Electric on EV-Battery drive, and more running on Gas Alone, the Range Extender auxiliary operating in the Normal Battery Charge Sustaining (CS) Combining these numbers 35 + 344 = 379 miles as a maximum range at Dry Gas Tank.

We will just to wait and see exactly what the for the Volt is in the CS-Mode with the 1.4 I4 Range Extender auxiliary operating in the Normal Battery Charge Sustaining (CS)

I estimate that the average operating in average driving and weather conditions, will see Range Extender auxiliary gasoline-powered operating fuel in the High 20s-To-Low/Mid 30s MPG range.

the above, I guesstimate the maximum ranges in the Battery-EV Plus Extender Mode for the average Drive It John or Jane Q. Driver will likely be less than the 35 miles + 344 = 379 miles advertised by GM/Chevrolet and I think it will probably closer to something like miles Max Range running the to Dry Gas Tank. More practically, it be 250-285 miles until the Low Warning light illuminates you are running on your emergency fuel, and better find a gas ASAP.

Bottom-line, if you get invited to Mom s, s or Aunt Martha s house for or Christmas Dinner, and the dear live less then away, you should be able to the motor trip there in a nonstop. This assumes you out of your driveway with a battery charge, a topped-off of gas, and drive EV-Hybrid all the way there.

4. GM/DAIMLER-CHRYSLER/BMW TWO-MODE/DIRECT DRIVE: The Two-Mode (2Mode) Solution was jointly developed by Motors/Daimler-Chrysler/BMW to power heavy large mass-transit city bus vehicles. Its Two-Mode design it is not a Full-Time hybrid drive It was developmental test and evaluated and Tested with Limited Deployment in the 1990s.

As part of Pilot-Limited Field Deployment, a few city mass-transit buses put into service in selected mostly in Europe. but otherwise it was without broader follow-on and expanded application into passenger vehicles until

Although it had been shelved by Motors Corporation prior to the New when $100-per-barrel oil approached and per gallon gas happened, GM quickly and re-embraced the Mass-Transit Bus-Sized gas-electric hybrid power They quickly brought it off the shelf, dusted it off and down-sized and it into and under the hoods of Full-Sized 2008 GMC Yukon Tahoe Family Bus-Sized SUV to power these mega-tonnage Beasts. In addition, at the Washington Show in January 2008, Motors Corp. announced it had orders for 1,732 Two-Mode Hybrid buses from agencies in Washington. Philadelphia and

Paul.

The Two-Mode (2Mode) System employs a special variable transmission (EVT) two integrated motor-generators along using special fuel ICE technologies that include cam variable valve timing and Active Fuel Management deactivation technologies. These working together, deliver an improvement in fuel economy the equivalent non-hybrid Yukon/Tahoe of 40% to 50% City MPG/25% Highway Two-Mode (2Mode) Hybrid are now being offered in limited qualities for Model Year with a Two-Mode (2Mode) version of the Saturn Aura/ Vue and Malibu offered in 2009.

the 40% to 50% City MPG/25% Highway MPG is a good improvement in fuel on a percentage basis, the Two-Mode Hybrid Solution comes in a third compared to the HSD and ISA enabled hybrid vehicles on total miles per gallon fuel The HSD and IMA used in the 51/55/60 MPG Prius and MPG Civic deliver twice to times the MPG-FE that is by heavy curb-weight Two-Mode enabled truck-sized 21/21/22 MPG vehicles.

The Two-Mode designation from the hybrid s two operating that can function singularly or in One mode is optimized for city and the other for highway driving. light loads and at low speeds Mode), the Two-Mode system can either on its electric motors and pack or on internal combustion (ICE) power alone, or a combination of the two modes.

At higher and with heavier loads Mode), The Two-Mode (2Mode) System switches to the second that runs mainly on the engine with electric available and assisting as and if needed for power to climb steep tow a trailer, or for added acceleration during passing.

Any and all hybrids you may see offered/planned to be offered by General in the upcoming model years, be based around and incorporate Two-Mode (2Mode) Hybrid that was jointly developed by to power heavy curb SUVs and bus-sized heavy-vehicles.

5. GREEN LINE/ECO eASSIST DRIVE: This hybrid is a Mild Hybrid [Belt Starter (BAS) system Auto-Stop]. It was originally called Line by Chevrolet/GM, but now is being ECO eAssist. When compared to the Synergy Drive, Integrated Assist, 2Mode/Direct, and E-REV/REEV hybrid solutions discussed this fuel conserving comes in last and resides at the of the hybrid technology barrel.

The Alternater Starter solution is I call a marketing solution was cobbled together by General for the Chevrolet Malibu and old Saturn when they were to become Eco-Green and Fuel-Efficient GM had their engineers throw a quick and dirty Battery-Alternator techno-kludge. This Mild solution is essentially using an car-battery to power an electric permitting the Hybrid Chevrolet and old Saturn Aura/Vue to run off battery for short periods.

HONDA Insight 1.3 IMA HE CVT Continuosuly Variable

The original Line BAS solution has been and refined into the ECO eAssist hybrid BAS system that at the 2011 New York Auto This next generation BAS hybrid system show car was an EPA 26 MPG MPG Highway 2013 Chevrolet ECO model powered GM/Chevy’s Ecotec four-cylinder aided by the ECO eAssist BAS solution . This BAS ECO eAssist system is the same one in the new mild hybrid eAssisted LaCrosse and Regal cars in CY2012.

The new ECO eAssist [revised old Line Mild-Hybrid Belt Starter (BAS) w/ Auto-Stop] basically functions like a powered turbo-charger, which an extra bit of e-Assist propulsion to the gasoline engine through a starter motor. This Alternator Starter (BAS) employs a special oversized motor in combination with an up-voltaged 36 Volt car battery essentially electrically equivalent to (3) standard 12 V car batteries connected in series, 12V + 12V + 12V = 36V). The battery in new ECO eAssist offering has been to use lithium ion (Li-Ion) battery

The Battery-powered Alternator-Starter assists and turns over the non-operating combustion gasoline engine to power the vehicle from a until a certain speed Gasoiline Engine Start-Up RPM is reached) or to provide a quick in acceleration while moving the road. Once Start-Up RPM is when starting from a or a foot throttle request for an spurt of acceleration occurs already moving, the gasoline fires-up to provide increased as it operates using the Otto of the car’s conventional gasoline

As with a typical starter the electric motor in the Mild-Hybrid BAS is not directly to the main driveline train. The gasoline engine operating after being by the BAS eAssist. The BAS eAssist electric overcomes the initial starting and propels the vehicle using power, not gasoline-power, which is how BAS System works to incrementally fuel.

In addition, fuel to the engine is automatically shut off the vehicle is coasting, braking or

The ECO eAssist (old Green Mild-Hybrid BAS installed in the new Chevrolet Buick LaCrosse and Regal, and old Vue/Aura does seem to some small improvement in economy (approximately 10%), keeping complexity to a minimum.

I have given you a brief tutorial on and about gas-electric vehicles offered/being offered in the U.S.

FIRST, THE BAD NEWS: If you to drive your new hybrid car the same Gas-To-Go/Brake-To-Stop driving you used to drive the conventionally car it replaced, your miles-per-gallon economy numbers will not be The MPG-FE numbers probably be much like it was being powered by the conventional gasoline Internal Combustion Engine installed in it to power the ICE portion of the gasoline-electric propulsion system.

I owned a 1992 Honda CX. It was conventionally powered by a standard 70 hp gasoline-powered Honda In-Line Otto Cycle ICE, delivered an EPA 42 City/45 Combined/48 Estimated MPG and 41 Around Town /48 as measured by me using the Multiple-Tank-Refill

The gasoline-powered portion of the Prius Synergy Drive system is by 76 hp Toyota In-Line 4-Cylinder operated on the Atkinson Cycle. ‘s 76 hp In-Line 4-Cylinder ICE is in size, weight and power to 70 hp Civic CX ICE. This that the inherent, nominal gas of the Prius In-Line 4-Cylinder ICE is the same as the 41/48± MPG delivered by the ICE of my old Civic CX.

Therefore, if your is delivering less than or to 41-48 MPG-FE, you probably are your gasoline-electric Prius using the same fuel inefficient driving techniques you use to 100% conventionally powered and causing the gasoline engine to run than it needs to run. The of your Hybrid Unfriendly habits and operating techniques are you are effectively bypassing/overriding the fuel contribution benefits available the electrical energy regenerating, and storage portions of the gas-electric system.

Continuing to use such hybrid unfriendly driving and not driving Hybrid Smart, prevent you from reaping the fuel economy harvest is available from the battery and motor-generator and braking elements of the gasoline-electric system design.

A BIT NOT SO GOOD NEWS: Unfortunately, drivers lack the inclination, driving discipline and frugality to work at learning to optimally their hybrid car, as a car must be driven to facilitate it its maximum fuel economy and truly stellar real-world

Most first-time hybrid car lack prior knowledge on the operation of a hybrid vehicle. As a when they pick new hybrid up at the dealer, and drive it off the they do so using the same Go/Brake-To-Stop operating manner used driving the old 100% powered autos their new car replaced. These conventional throttle pedal punching and stomping Gas-To-Go/Brake-To-Stop driving used to operate conventionally vehicles, are the same ones drivers have used since they got their s license back in high and first started driving.

— Driving hybrid with a heavy gas throttle and pedal foot will in poorer miles-per-gallon/liters-per-100 kilometers economy as compared to if they are in a Hybrid Friendly — $mart manner.

NOW, THE NEWS: The good news in any car is that, according to testing by aggressive drivers who moderate aggressive Gas-To-Go/Brake-To-Stop driving can improve their overall gas by as much as 37-percent. Additionally, an driver can glean a 14-percent in fuel economy by simply below the Posted Maximum Speed Limit and ratcheting on their travel cruise

EPA estimates that every 5 MPH increase in travel speed 60 MPH is like having to pay an extra per gallon of gasoline at the pump.

The of the good news even if a operates a hybrid car like he or she is driving their old conventional, Internal Combustion Engine powered car, it will deliver GOOD, EPA Matching just not STELLAR MPG-FE, as by driving to surpass the EPA MPG-FE This is because Toyota, and General Motors engineers optimized the design of the Hybrid Drive (HSD), Integrated Assist (IMA), Green Belt Alternator Starter Mild-Hybrid and Two-Mode (2Mode) drive — system hardware and software of their vehicles around the driving and expectations of a typical driver. Of their assumed typical is one who only knows how to drive and is in driving an Internal Combustion (ICE), 100% conventionally-powered

To cause your hybrid to regularly meet or surpass the EPA estimates, you have to learn to let the IMA or other hybrid system do the job it was to do by staying out of its way and stop using old robbing driving behaviors and You will find that integrating and unobtrusively applying new driving behaviors and top-level, Hybrid Hypermiling Driving into driving your hybrid car is a reasonably painless

Your efforts will be with delivery of stellar and not having to pay at the pump as much or as as you did before you started driving hybrid vehicle.

The more you learn to Drive Smart, and work as an integral of the HSD, IMA, Green BAS . Two-Mode (2Mode) or other system solution and their features, the more you will on meeting or surpassing the EPA Miles Per (MPG) Fuel Economy Rating numbers promised on hybrid fuel-sipper of choice’s sticker.

LEARNING TO DRIVE TO $AVE GREEN BACK $$$$: Face it, gas prices likely never be going for very long. They have in the past and will not start now.

Gas is selling for $3+ per on its way to $4 and beyond, not 25ў as it was when the fuel on-road driving behavior of today were formed. we realize it or not, we all are now driving a new fuel consumption and energy use

Where a car once used to be a gasoline-powered personal and family work of art that functioned as personal noble steed, it has become a heavily government and regulated transportation appliance fuel use generates tax revenue for the

I recognized this paradigm back a few years back, gasoline was still selling for under $1.499 per gallon. At point, I purchased the hybrid and changed the driving and fuel behaviors and techniques under I operate my personal vehicle, transforming myself into a Pseudo-Hypermiling / EcoDriving Zen Master.

the expectation that $140± per oil and $4.00± per gallon gasoline in of $5, $6, $8, $10+ and beyond returning , $mart Folks out here in the Doodle hinterlands have driving to save Green and do anything legal to save a Back PetrolBuck.

I have my previous Porsche Throttle-Pedal driving habits and behaviors, and how to Drive Hybrid Smart by an intelligent part of the Gas-Electric Man-Machine Interface. I now drive a feather-light, deft touch on the throttle. In Zen-like fashion, I Become One With Prius Synergy Drive (HSD), permitting it to regularly deliver MPG-FE, and Green Back to me.

I employed a combination of fuel enhancing in-garage pre-operative set ups with on-road operative Pseudo-Hypermiling / EcoDriving Techniques to set up and operate my 2G, Generation II Prius, and now to my 2012 Prius v fuel-sippered replaced it. Using these permits me to achieve money MPG-FE performance, and decrease the and amount of making my Gas Tax donations to hungry Big Government.

My Hybrid / EcoDriving assured that I meet or beat the old Pre-2008 EPA 51 Combined/60 City Estimated numbers for my 2G Prius, and now facilitates me the 2008 EPA 44 City/42 Combined/40 Estimated MPG-FE numbers for my new in Prius v.

Yes, it does a bit of Hybrid Driving Work, for me has become second-nature Hybrid Play. or should that be Driving Pay. as in Pay Day.

My Hypermiling enhanced EcoDriving is and Paying my family and me Big PetrolBucks by our family s monthly fuel rate and total annual fuel expenses. Hybrid / EcoDriving has reduced the monthly fuel expenses for my family’s transportation vehicle by

80%. At the peak to $4.00± per gallon for prices in 2008, this the projected annual fuel for our primary transportation vehicle $4310± down to $890±. The $3420, annual savings made the Family CFO, my Hybrid Happy.

151-PLU$ REA$ON$ FOR MAMA TO BE HAPPY : We returned from a Gran *Multi-Mille Miglia* open-road motor trip *Fuel Run* from my teepee on Florida s Space Coast to and return, via I-95/I-10/I-75/I-24/I-65/I-94/I-57/I-24/I-65/I-10/I-95. 99.9% of the I drove our Prius 2G with the ECC Control set on the Maximum Posted Speed Limit (i.e. 70 MPH in FL, AL, GA, TN, KY, IN, and 65 in

99% of the trip was driven with the set on AUTO, and TEMP set at 75 degrees. The MPG Measurement Method was used.

My Garage-Return-To-My Garage/Chocks-To-Chocks Distance: miles. Trip MPG-FE: MPG. Trip Fuel $151.90.

Pre-Operative Set-Up:

1, OEM/Stock Prius 2G Instrumentation Was (No ScanGauge, Tach, etc.).

2. Pressure: OEM Goodyear *Integrity* Up-Pressured To 48F/46R.

3. Motor Oil In 3.5 Qts 0W30 Mobil 1 Full-Synthetic, Fuel Economy.

4. Motor Used: Standard Gas Station 90:10, E10 Gasohol.

5. Drive-Train/Running Well-Broken In @60,000-miles

Driving Modes/Techniques:

1. Ran HVAC From Air Vent Only Mode To Full-Time A/C AUTO Mode

2. Accelerating From Dead Employed Acceleration Technique of iMPH/2 Transitioning To iMPG 1.1 To 1.2 iMPH While Passing 40 To 50 MPH As Target Travel/Cruise Speed Was

3. *Hybrid Smart* Use of Freewheeling Coasting, and Regenerative Braking.

4. Anticipatory Use of Advanced Fuel Warp-Stealth, Pulse Glide, Coast, Driving With (DWL), Super *Atkinson* Mode [SAHM/SHM], and Traffic Change Timing-Anticipation Techniques.

5. at or below 66 MPH Fuel Economy Spot ECC Set Speed when conditions dictated, and where fuel-efficient speeds were with trip schedule.

NOW THIS! I HAVE MUCHO NEWS: Even without full, Hybrid Zen Mastery operating your hybrid you can become what I call a Hypermiler / EcoDriver.

The focus of the that follows is on the Second (2G/GEN II/NHW20) 2004-2009 and Generation (3G/GEN III/ZVW30) Prius Sedan Hatchback and the new in Prius v Station Wagon with their Hybrid Drive System . Therefore, owner-drivers who read, heed and apply the information that can immediately learn how to start on Stellar Miles Per Gallon Fuel Economy (MPG-FE) to consume even less on their very next

The discussion also has general to any hybrid vehicles that Toyota’s Hybrid Snergy (HSD) or licensed key elements of the design to propel them. other vehicles are:

HONDA Insight 1.3 IMA HE CVT Continuosuly Variable
HONDA Insight 1.3 IMA HE CVT Continuosuly Variable

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