Car Exhaust Air Pollution and the Environment Health Effects …

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Interesting » Electric Cars

Cars, Trucks, Air Pollution and

Update Aug 2013:

Humans oil

The only certainty is that the should look very from the past. When we air pollution in cities from fossil fuels as the main of energy for electricity production, home heating and industrial then the entire infrastructure of countries must change. change from burning fuels is occurring with forces that will to increase and interfere with of a normal life and economy.

a car is the most air polluting act an average commits. Air pollution is not a good for a variety of reasons, large and The right ideas for remediation of degradations involve unselfish and behavior, a scarce commodity.

The ideas involve long-term conservation and a deep commitment to the natural world. Without a natural environment, there be few or no healthy humans.

To understand air you can consider a simple schematic divides a big problem into

1. Local effects -e.g. humans breathing bad air.

2. effects — fallout airborne pathogens — particles, chemicals.

3. Global — changing interactions the atmosphere, oceans and the sun, effects, effects on plants and the biosphere.

Developments in the media go green the slogan for action to the adverse effects of air pollution. refers to the color of chlorophyll in Chlorophyll is the basis of photosynthesis allows plants to turn the energy into life Human action destroys and replaces healthy ecosystems concrete and asphalt.

Another that emerged was save earth. Humans will not the planet. The task for humans is to destroying the environments that themselves.

If we fail, the planet do just fine without

The deepest problem for humans is we cannot predict the future any accuracy. Even the best scientist with the most data cannot know is going to happen next. we talk about prudence, we to methods of minimizing risk and to deal with events our control which can injure or us.

Recovery from extreme events, earthquakes, natural injury and disease will an increasingly large chunk of our Smart humans notice changes and take action to adverse consequences. But not all human are or prudent.

The year 2008 be remembered as the near-collapse of capitalist Among the corporations in trouble in the US and were General Motors and All the US/Canada car and truck manufacturers had their larger vehicles on by exploiting the innate human to seek domination over

Bigger is better. In 2009, GM and refurbished their operations and smaller, more fuel vehicles for sale. Ford to be unscathed by the recession.

Car design has radically and fuel efficiency as increased and sales have

The explosion of a a deep sea oil rig in the Gulf of is a reminder that gas and diesel are partners in causing environmental and disasters. While BP gets of the blame, two US companies who built and the oil rig actually caused the problem. the most angry BP critics are of BP products.

Surely the blame be widely distributed and must the consumers of petroleum products.

cars and trucks are the focus, are the chosen culprits, but the people who buy and vehicles are really responsible for a better future for themselves and children. The immediate challenge for users is not only to replace vehicles with more efficient versions, but to reduce use and in a new vision of car-free living Citizens and not governments must end the of traffic, gridlock, superhighways, and lethal accidents.

Friendly or Cars have two opposite One is friendly and attractive the other is and can be lethal. The desire to own a car is linked to sexuality, convenience and freedom.

Men for big, prestigious cars way they lust for women and desire men with big, cars. Men are also interested in performance and want to know about the engine, although engines are sufficiently complex to even the professional mechanic. of the engine complexity electronic and adjustment of engine performance different operating conditions. devices are added to the engine to air flow in, fuel delivery and out. Computers have added to monitor and control brake and transmission operation.

The of new hybrid vehicles involves more complexity with sensors feeding data to that manage every The cost of repairs will as will the demand for new sophistication mechanics. The most advanced use only black box modules cannot be repaired at the local but can be replaced with new or rebuild

This might be a wonderful but only if you can afford it.

Extravagant Car Use from passenger vehicles in Canada and the US despite attempts to engines more fuel and despite the addition of antipollution The two main reasons were: 1. use increased; 2. in the US and Canada, cars got pick-up trucks, vans and vehicles often replaced lighter passenger cars. An new vehicle in 2003 consumed fuel that its counterpart in

In the USA in 1987 cars averaged miles to the gallon. Fuel dropped to 24.6 miles/gallon by and it dropped further as larger replace smaller ones. The to drive cars long to work was common among in North America and Europe in the 60 years. In retrospect, it is clear commuters made a mistake.

should now stop commuting by Their mistake had health and consequences for them personally and for other inhabitant of planet

Despite compelling evidence of change . governments in many countries have avoided responsibility to reduce emissions of gases. The USA is the biggest emitter of gases worldwide. US emissions to 7 billion tones of CO 2 in 2004, 16% than emissions in the late

The UK did better reducing their to about 0.6 billion tons, 14% 1990 levels. An accurate of total greenhouse gas emission is or impossible to achieve since many variable and unknowns. the US estimates, for example, and pursue the that the US is also responsible for emissions from other which provide raw materials and for the US economy. Romm argued: businesses have off-shored and more of the U.S. economy’s and CO2 to parts of the world where the intensity is higher but labor is

The U.S. has essentially off-shored its problem to the rest of the world, their economies into grounds for our own air pollution.

Car exhaust is at ground level Exhaust all combustion engines combine to local adverse effects on the of car users and all innocent bystanders. have become islands of chemicals from the unrestrained use of burning fossil fuels. are noisy, ugly, often and dominate the experience of modern We are now used to the carnage on roads and attempts to reduce death and from our motorized containers not substantially altered the negative on society. The adverse health of car exhaust are pervasive and difficult to

See Exhaust Chemicals.

Advertising and Television Ads for sports and recreation show solitary, impeccable in wilderness locations. One TV ad shows a making a mad dash to escape the core in their expensive, upholstered clone of the land-rover. The ads are a fantasy of wilderness, fresh air and Is the consumer is completely deluded? vehicles are mostly found in driveways and in the traffic jams of cities.

They have to go to escape the environmental degradation help to create: 4×4 and large tires are rarely in cities and are not suited to highway You see these machines, submerged in driveways by the floods they to create. The latest car advertising has to styling, crash protection, comforts and fuel efficiency as the selling points.

While improvements are welcome, reduced use is the most essential remedy and is mentioned.

Ethanol Combustion contribute to greenhouse gas accumulation in the and are responsible for climate changes. A sober revision of vehicle use is overdue. While ethanol has championed as an alternative to petroleum it mainly helps to reduce on oil producing countries. Ethanol or can be blended with gasoline to petroleum dependency. Gasoline can use up to 10% ethanol without modification.

New flex engines can use higher of ethanol up to 100%. North and European flex-fuel vehicles are to run on a maximum blend of 15% gasoline 85% ethanol (E85 fuel). The of flex engine vehicles has but the supply of flex fuel is

Ethanol no longer looks a solution to fossil fuel

There are problems in the bigger of carbon consumption and emission. ethanol is made from some its energy value (up to 70% in the efficient plants) must be on its production. While innovations in technologies continue, there be an ongoing requirement to invent new of production. Investment in new technologies require government policy subsidies and research grants.

change with extreme events may reduce corn in the US, where for decades corn were common. The new competition ethanol plants and food suddenly in 2008 became an issue.

If you are an optimist, you might that improved technologies save the day — corn per acre have been mostly because of genetic so that food and ethanol need not compete in the future. The industry uses only the fraction of the corn; the protein and oil are used as animal feed to be by humans as dairy products, and meat. If you are a pessimist, you might to the recurrent droughts in recent in the US corn producing regions and more crop failures in to come. Other non-food sources of carbon will alternative sources of raw materials. Biofuels ).

Hydrogen The ultimate burn hydrogen in fuel but despite working prototypes, a fuel infrastructure is a distant One problem is the low energy density of hydrogen that requires tanks than the equivalent tank. Another problem is producing hydrogen requires a amount of energy.

In Canada, are opportunities to dam more rivers and electricity with falling a non polluting, renewable energy A science fiction fantasy include a novel way of splitting into hydrogen and oxygen less energy consumed but knows how to do this in 2011. if new non-polluting energy sources are hydrogen storage and distribution investment in a very expensive

An innovative use of hydrogen added in quantities to gasoline and diesel been achieved by the h2gogo Hydrogen Generator The generator hydrogen from distilled and is retro-fitted to regular engines. The input results in more fuel burn, in reduced and improved engine efficiency and output. The Heathrow Airport in retrofitted hydrogen generator to a range of vehicles and reported up to 40% in carbon dioxide, particulates, oxides and hydrocarbon emissions.

Complex Ecosystems Our ability to and understand the atmosphere has taken a leap in recent years. We gone beyond naпve models and now appreciate that if systems such as the atmosphere, the and land ecosystems change, may become unstable and more Extra heat will more turbulence, and weather will change in unpredictable While climate models are they have have to no predictive abilities. Rather playing with unreliable, predictions, a sober assessment of is happening right now should action to change human

Actions, such as driving whenever and wherever we please, do the air, change the atmosphere and more extreme weather Smart humans notice changes and take action to adverse consequences. But not all human are or prudent.

What Can I do? Drive Both local and global would be reduced if each person pledged to use their car 30% starting immediately. This is a individual contribution to a global

At least 30% of vehicle use is optional either recreational or lazy when walking, cycling or transit would be a better

Cities can reduce vehicular by more than 30% over the 3 to 5 years by improving public Commuter trains are a model of access for suburban residents who their cars short park in terminal lots and the train into town. can create car free zones and park-like corridors that allow movement through the by walking, cycling and limited use of light electric vehicles in corridors specially designed to be and efficient.

The rising cost of oil is altering driving habits and big companies closed plants produced SUVs and pickup If you are interested in longer term survival, then high oil is a real benefit. With or higher fuel prices, person can drive less and the temptation to buy larger, heavier trucks and sports vehicles.

If you need a 4×4 to drive in wilderness settings, you need a clunker that’s already got dents and mud on the tires. Carry a axe, chain saw, and a in the back. If you can afford it, add a heavy winch up front.

Stay off streets and highways. See Disease Car Exhaust

Solutions: Reduce Air by changing the design and use of motor

The use of cars must be re-defined. Car use has to be a privilege, not a right. The cost of damage and reclamation has to be added to the of owning and operating a car.

use should no longer be subsidized.

number of Vehicles — areas need to set vehicular and issue permits to limit the of vehicles to control regional congestion and air pollution.

Small or 100% electric cars are but make their occupants vulnerable when they with much larger A sane city would small, efficient passenger from buses and trucks.

efficiency of vehicles — the trend to larger vehicles; solutions to emissions of combustion Flex fuel and hybrid are a step in the right direction but in numbers will not have a impact on air pollution.

Reduced vehicle use and traffic can be a bigger and more immediate for urban air pollution. Improved of traffic is important. Examples dedicated bus lanes and priority for and vehicles with 3 or more Traffic can be scheduled to optimize usage; e.g. commercial at night; large companies can working hours and decentralize operations. Commuting long in cars to work needs to be out.

Single passenger to work should be strongly

Interesting » Electric Cars

The most accessible measure of air contribution is the amount of fossil burned.

Recreational driving can be immediately. Car owners need to pay for driven and fuel burned on an scale. Each person can a free driving allotment per and pay increasing insurance and/or on fuel consumption beyond limit.

Governments can encourage the of vehicular use by:

Promoting Voluntary

Increase Public Transit diversify options and limit to existing roads.

Separate and private traffic to increase use of roads

Stop building roads and highways

Replace 30% of the roads designed for cars park-like corridors

In cities, more walking paths, routes and roads for small vehicles

Reduce commuting link residence and business by rezoning and rebuilding cities.

car-pools and car-sharing plans

road use by defining access — no longer a right

Tolls and increased gasoline and registration taxes

Base car fees on fuel consumption in the year. Use exponential fee rate for high fuel consumption

Provide generous development and tax incentives for all non-polluting transportation

Governments can use a combination of

Voluntary and Schemes

Compulsory and Penalty

Incentives for New Technology and Changes in Fuel Consumption

Long solutions require that use less polluting energy such biofuels, propane and gas. I am sorry to say that the of green solutions to global is becoming yet another scam. One is that producing alternate and hybrid cars often CO 2 emissions that offset or the benefits of improve vehicular See Biofuels

Electric Cars are on the under development and promise to vehicles of choice for urban The new cars represent advances in that link computers, motors and batteries into that drive well, and require little maintenance. The components are modules that are to be refurbished in specialized factories and One limitation is battery technology. are heavy, wear out quickly repeated recharging and require rather scarce materials as lithium.

Another more severe is obtaining electricity from a power source. Even if all the problems of building reliable cars were solved, remains a daunting list of problems yet to be solved. While cars produce little air generating electricity continues to be a source of air pollution . If an electric car is with electricity produced by a fuel burning generator, may be no net benefit to the atmosphere. A real for car technology would reduce air beginning at source materials and continue through the use cycle of the While is it feasible to use fossil in generation plants with all the techniques of emission control and C02 these plants are uncommon.

more people plug in vehicles, a new infrastructure of non-polluting, electricity production will to be built.

You might imagine new and commercial buildings that energy and generate their own with solar panels and generators that also their own electric vehicles. The of constructing new, more buildings is so great that the wealthiest citizens can afford the costs.

In the immediate future car use is the best solution. A gas-inefficient driven twice a week for 20 km is a choice than a new expensive car driven everyday for 100 Km. No solution is than fewer vehicles and vehicle use.

Limited for Change

With once countries such as the USA on the verge of and facing the extensive repairs of aging, derelict infrastructures, new, unprecedented development seems unlikely. Unless, of the priorities in many countries dramatically. The US, for example, could a sane, smart strategy, its military budget by 50% and invest the and skills in rebuilding the country’s with new sustainable energy

Truth is Beauty and Beauty is

That is all you need to know.

of Environmental Science and Human were developed by Environmed Inc. Sechelt, B.C. Online Topics were from the book, Air and Breathing. book helps you understand air issues, normal breathing and the of breathing disorders.

You will detailed information about the air pollution and climate change, infection, air quality and airborne at home. Click the Add to Cart on the left to order printed for mail delivery from Online. Click the Download to order and download the PDF file Persona Digital Online.


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