China wants to be global leader in electric vehicles

29 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи China wants to be global leader in electric vehicles отключены
Chang'an CX30 EV Electric Cars

By Patrick Whiteley and Wang (China Daily)

BEIJING The electric car revolution is firing on all with the first mass-market vehicles (EVs) going on in selected cities around the And China, desperate to clear smog over its car-crazed has vowed to become the world of the revolution — last the government made a commitment to 10.5 billion euros billion) over the next

Considering the staggering predicted of China’s car industry, it needs to immediate action. By 2020, Ministry of Industry and Information estimates, there will be than 200 million registered on the roads, compared to the 70 million

But while zero-emission EVs are being as C02 saviors, doubts still about whether China’s new drivers will embrace new and un-tested cars.

EVs lack and driving range, require recharging times and are unable to a charge in cold climate a big concern for Chinese drivers the nation’s long winters.

sticker prices and a limited of charging facilities for new motorists home garages — a majority of Chinese drivers are other major hurdles the fledgling industry.

Electric are not new. In 1900, electric powered almost 30 percent of the cars produced in the United that year. But as new motorists more power and drive distances, electric cars soon abandoned for the combustion

More than a century on, the consumer concerns about limitations remain.

Governments and the industry say they will these problems as the EV rollout over the next five to 10 But both groups are also on future EV products, with battery technology, to help their very ambitious C02 targets.


Two years ago the Chinese announced a multi-billion euro which envisaged up to 20 million new vehicles in the nations road the next 10 years.

Under the plan, new high-tech are being set up to significantly improve EV which make up half the of the vehicle and price the car out of reach the average Chinese car buyer. For the battery in Nissan’s new 24,000-euro model costs about euros to produce.

China’s Development and Reform Commission the State is also looking to the purchases of at least 4 million vehicles during the first of EVs.

Since June year, the Chinese government has offering 60,000 yuan subsidies toward full cars in EV trial cities of Changchun, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, and Beijing.

In these test local authorities are building and trialing EV taxis and buses as fine tune systems, if successful, could be duplicated the nation.

The eastern city of for example, plans to have EVs on its streets by the end of next year and the government plans to have charging stations, 38 express stations and 3,500 charging

Across the world, similar EV cities have become laboratories for motoring companies, are closely monitoring their but relatively new battery technology.

China’s biggest selling car brand, perhaps offers a timetable of when electric will flow into the market.

Like many of the automakers, VW is now trialing its EVs but does not to produce them on a wider until 2013-14. The first electric VW sedan will not be until 2018.

Thomas head of Electric-Traction at Volkswagen, the first breed of electric with the first range of phones. Mobile phones 20 to 25 years to develop into a good product, so we have a way to go with electric cars, he an EV conference in Beijing. But the first we must do to make electric viable is to reduce cost.

The high cost of many EVs BYD’s e6 will be priced at yuan (31,580 euros) released this year has been blamed for slowing the momentum of the new-energy vehicle BYD is perhaps China’s most electric carmaker after US Warren Buffett bought a 10 stake in the company in 2008.

A JD study of new vehicle buyers in — and in major markets the world — reveals while many consumers are by the idea of owning an electric they balk when learn about the price.

EVs produced by the bigger auto are relatively more expensive, cars made by lesser-known companies are providing cheaper for new car buyers.

In March, Kandi a Hangzhou-based EV developer, released a new EV, which only costs yuan (3,138 euros) the 60,000-yuan subsidy.

With budget models becoming and as fuel prices continue to there is still keen interest in EVs, which a quarter of the price to run compared to a car.

According to a new study by research firm Ipsos, than 85 percent of car owners and buyers surveyed in 119 Chinese said they would buying petrol-electric hybrid Some 66 percent would a purely electric car.

who said no to hybrid or pure cars cited concerns technological maturity and electric facilities.

Jacques de Selliers, director of Going-Electric, an association for EVs in said considering that than 80 percent of cars in the travel less than a day, at slow speeds just one occupant, EVs are a perfect transport solution for Chinese

But de Selliers said there be incentives for the Chinese public to buy and infrastructure must be in place.

the odd-even number plates for EVs may be the most effective incentive in the plan, he said.

He said used in Norway could be used in China including EV owners priority lanes, public parking and an abundant of cheap low-power charging in residential districts.

De Selliers said despite determination to become a world in EV vehicles it seems the current are not yet mature enough, and that infrastructure in China is insufficient.

on the other hand, is launching European and American EVs that are mature to be accepted by consumers, he

But Chinese authorities say its nation has circumstances, which require a solution.

Ouyang Ming director of the State Key Laboratory of Safety and Energy said the US and the EU their own different standards and cannot copy them developing its own EV network.

For example, the range in the US is required to be above 60 km a but in China, the range can be much given the fact that has a much dense population and live relatively closer to places, he said.

In China, and small-power recharge should be for the majority of drivers while on roads, the fast and high-power infrastructure should be adopted.

Nessi, manager of Electro-Mobility at said if electric cars are enough and valued by customers, will not become an issue.

The needs to be charged every but the customer has no problem with because the iPhone is such as product, he said. The challenge for car is to make EVs into the same product that the customer is to sacrifice other features.

plans to expand its EV infrastructure as of new energy vehicles grow and to the government plan, up to 40 million new vehicles may be on the road by 2030. But number has triggered concern the stability of the Chinese power system.

Yang Junqian, expert of smart grid, EV and energy department of Schneider China, said the pressure on the system will be huge, millions of EVs charge at the same

Turning on the 2 kW air-conditioners at the same can cause an instant power on a summer night in major not to mention charging millions of 20 kW EV in a parking lot, Yang

However, Jiang Kejun, of the energy research institute of Development and Reform Commission, the grid will be able to the charging needs by storing during the off-peak hours.

Chang'an CX30 EV Electric Cars

people drive to their park their cars, and them into the recharging the pillar can transport power during the night to meet the he said. Besides, by 2030, the generated should reach trillion kWh and the demand from electric cars will be a small portion of the available

And with better electric car technology in the future, power by EVs will drop significantly. Now an EV 15 to 23 kWh a day, but in the near future it drop to 8 kWh.

The source of electricity is another concern. EVs can reduce C02 emissions, said Blain, president of International of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, but if the power source generating the is clean.

If we still get most of our from the coal, we don’t a lot of CO2 emission in a real way, if we drive EVs, he said.

energy is clean, while it can be super dirty when it is out of France already has 75 percent coming from nuclear We have no intention to increase rate, but we have to consider how to the existing ones to serve

China has plans to reduce C02 per unit of GDP by up to 45 percent by 2020 and the next five years, are aiming to use non-fossil fuels to more than 11 percent of the total energy consumption.

In the government invested 23 billion in wind, solar, biofuels, and green energy products, and rises each year.

While environmental planners on the future, motoring companies are on the now. At the Shanghai Auto in April, 45 new EV models were out by the major global auto and also by Chinese companies SAIC’s Roewe 350 pure Chang’an Motor’s Benben, the Rely M1-EV and Geely’s EK electric.

The FAW Group showcased new green vehicles and announced to spend 9.8 billion yuan (1 euros) on developing 16 environment-friendly and business models by 2015. Motor Corp said it planned to launch its first car next year and expected its car sales to reach 100,000 by 2015.

BYD showed off its much-talked-about e6, has distance of 320 km on a full charge, with the 225 km of the Nissan Leaf, was released last year.

BYD, which sold than 500,000 regular in China last year, has delayed the release of its e6 in the US, prompting from industry experts.

The BYD car is a little big and clumsy, said Jian, executive vice-president of Automotive Engineering Institute. I the range claimed, because the technical point of view, the of its battery is quite mediocre.

now, BYD e6 has just completed its on-road testing, while the other EV products have yet to themselves. But BYD, which Build Your Dreams, may its electric dreams further it last year teamed up Daimler, the maker of Mercedes and the two have formed a joint to develop a new EV brand.

Other auto giants have released their new energy to the public. Mitsubishi’s four-seater, i-MiEV was the first mass-market vehicle to go on sale in Japan.

Motors’s plug-in hybrid, the Volt, was launched in the US last and the US Environmental Protection Agency it as the most fuel-efficient car with a engine sold in the US.

Based on a sample of the 1,210 sold in the US in the first quarter of GM reported that Volt drive on average 1,600 km they needed to fill the tank. GM plans to release the in China after October year as well its other new to satisfy the high demand for new

The consequence of the rapid growth of new car is not lost on the government, which its EV plan to be successful, despite the fluctuating projections by industry

Chen Qingquan, chairman of the Electric Vehicle Association, China will lead the sector with an estimated 15 market share for hybrid and vehicle sales by 2020.

compares with JP Morgan Co’s estimate that vehicles will only for 1 or 2 percent of global vehicle by then.

In the end, the market decide the fate of EVs, Lin Yi, vice-chief engineer of Beijing Industry Holdings Co (BAIC).

We assume the electric car is the future of industry, so we are developing hybrid, and fuel cell cars at the time, he said. When the is clear enough, we will switch the direction.

The principle applies to the commercialization of EVs. experts suggest battery and others insist on selling EVs.

There is not much in discussing it because the right model will be decided by the

Chang'an CX30 EV Electric Cars

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