Facts on Electric Cars eHow

10 Мар 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Facts on Electric Cars eHow отключены
BMW 5er Electric Cars

History

Robert Anderson developed the first electric carriage between 1832 and 1839 in Scotland, according to the Canadian National Campaign for Electric Vehicles. In 1835, Professor Stratingh of Groinggen, Holland, designed the first small electric car. Electric cars held several distance and speed records in the early part of the 20th century. On April 29, 1899, Camille Jenatzy broke the 100 km/h speed barrier for the first time in an electric vehicle.

As the internal-combustion engine improved, electric car production slowed. However, in 1996, General Motors produced 1,117 GM EVs that could go as fast as 80 mph. Nissan, Toyota and Honda all sell electric vehicles.

Range

The Canadian National Campaign for Electric Vehicles states that the type and number of batteries used, driving habits and weight of a car all affect mileage range per charge for electric vehicles. Electric cars with lead-acid batteries can travel up to 80 miles on a single charge. NiMH batteries can deliver up to 120 miles per charge and lithium-ion batteries get between 250 and 300 miles per charge.

Most electric cars on the market get at least 100 miles per charge.

Cost

According to the Canadian National Campaign for Electric Vehicles, electric vehicles usually cost between 2 and 4 cents per mile to drive. Vehicles that have an internal combustion engine cost between four and six times as much. Electric cars have only a few hundred parts while gasoline-powered cars have a few thousand.


This makes the maintenance cost of an electric car three times less than that of a gasoline car. Electric cars are not more expensive to purchase than gasoline-powered cars, and they help protect the environment at the same time.

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