History of the Electric Car Men’s Health

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Electric Car Timeline

Electric aren’t new—in fact, were among the first vehicles out there. But when the engine roared to life in the 1800’s, the race was on to see which dominate. The relatively easy of gasoline and the engine’s obvious advantages over electric eventually won the day.

But with an 100 years of electric-motor engineering and development, that might

1832: First electric invented. Non-rechargable. Horses in derision.

1835: Thomas a blacksmith, develops a battery-powered motor, and installs it in a miniature car on a track.

1859: Gaston a French physicist, invents lead-acid batteries, which go on to become the first rechargeable battery used commercially.

1888 or 1891 (date William Morrison of Des Moines the first electric car using a surrey. It runs at a whoppingly 4HP, with a top speed of 20 mph and a range.

1896: New York gets electric taxis via the Vehicle Co. in what is likely the commercial use of the electric car.

Thomas Edison works on a better car battery, aiming to the power and range. The first speed record is set by an electric traveling 66 mph.

1900: 28 of U.S. cars produced are models. They’re widely at the time as superior to gas or steam engines due to short startup and lack of smell, gear noise, and constant vibration. The distance record is set by an electric car 180 miles on one charge.

1903: The first speeding The culprit is behind the wheel of an car.

1908: The gasoline-powered T Ford hits the market. Ford’s wife, Clara, to drive an electric car, but the and low cost of gas-powered cars eventually be the death knell of the car.

1912: The electric is invented by Charles Kettering, hand-crank starter technology powered vehicles are suddenly convenient than ever.

The electric automobile market is in Historians cite limitations on range, and power as major By the decade’s end, the electric car has all but

1947: Oil rationing in Japan automaker Tama to release a electric car with a 40V lead-acid

1966: Congress introduces aimed at reducing air pollution—the recommend electric cars. to a nationwide poll, between 33 and 36 Americans are interested in electric

1970: The EPA begins the Federal Air Incentive Program.


1972: BMW a 1602 sports sedan to power for the 1972 Olympics in The same year, Victor builds the first full-size using a GM castoff.

1974: debuts the CitiCar, an electric with a range of 40 miles (in weather) and a top speed of 30mph.

Congress passes the Electric and Vehicle Research, Development, and act, compelling the Department of to begin researching electric and cars.

1990: The California Air Resources rules that by 2003, 10 of all vehicles in the state must zero emissions.

1996: GM the release of the first mass-produced car, the EV1, due to the 1990 The car has a range of 80 miles per charge.

GM and DaimlerChrysler sue for the repeal of the California Air Board’s 1990 ruling. are joined by the Bush Administration.

GM pulls the EV1 from the market and plans to repossess all EV1s on the road by 2004. They destroy all the cars.

2006: Motors releases the Tesla an all-electric sports car retailing for six figures and the first car to employ batteries.

2008: Future Barack Obama announces to have at least a million and electric cars on US roads by

2009: The American Recovery and Act of 2009 devotes $2 billion to the of batteries and technologies for electric The act is supported by the Department of Energy, allocated an additional $400 for developing necessary infrastructure for cars. Later that the Department of Energy loans $4 to Ford, Nissan, and Tesla for and development in the field of fuel-efficient

2010: Nissan releases the an electric car with a 100 mile and an MSRP of about $35,000.

Ford Focus Electric the market, with a 23 kWh battery and a 100 kW motor producing 123 hp. Top speed is 84 and charging time is only 4h a 240-v outlet.

2012: Men’s Health coast-to-coast in the Ford Focus

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