Hybrid Electric Vehicles Car Talk

19 Мар 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Hybrid Electric Vehicles Car Talk отключены
Electric Cars

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

How do I if a hybrid makes sense for me?

without gas at $4 a gallon, the economics of make a certain amount of particularly if you find yourself a significant number of miles year.

For example, let’s say you 30,000 miles a year, and by a hybrid you can increase your economy from an average of 30 MPG to 40 With gas at $2 a gallon, you’ll $500 in fuel costs year. Whether a hybrid economic sense will upon the difference in the purchase minus any tax credit you may receive for a hybrid vehicle. (You can get details, plus tax information here. )

If you can pay off the difference in the amount of you usually keep a car, it make reasonably good sense to buy a hybrid. It’s worth noting that is beginning a program for certified hybrids, so if you’re thinking of the used hybrid route but the security of a dealer warranty, might be a good choice.

another consideration. Most of us now buy our using car loans. And while a may have a total cost $3,000 to $4,000 higher its conventional version, you’ll pay a few bucks more per month on loan — additional that might well be by the fuel savings you’ll be right away.

There are reasons to buy a hybrid, of course. got a bit of insurance against the chance the price of gas will start up again. And if gas does skyrocket, savings will only

Finally, whatever happens, be doing your part to pollution, minimize greenhouse and reduce America’s oil consumption, for we wholeheartedly applaud you.

engine size matter?

Not if a hybrid. Here’s why.

In our today’s conventional vehicles are overpowered. A standard sedan has a 200 horsepower engine. Every in a while, you’ll use that to pass someone on the highway.

for the vast majority of driving we do, actually only using 30 to 40 No kidding.

Here’s a shocker: carmakers consistently used advances to make new vehicles powerful over the years, averaged 14 mpg in 1923, the University of reports, and a measly 17.4 MPG as as 2008.

Instead, a hybrid uses a appropriately sized gasoline and supplements it with a high electric motor. The result is the gasoline engine can run at a lower, efficient speed, and let the electric help with the heavy You get increased efficiency from the gas engine — and better

Toyota, Honda, or something Which system is right for me?

speaking, vehicles that use hybrid system are likely to be for urban drivers. The one big exception to rule is Ford’s Fusion which racks up some MPG ratings in the city — 41 MPG to 33 MPG for the Camry. Ford’s C-MAX does even better 47 MPG both in the city and on the highway.

speaking, the system found in the and Lexus models favor driving, and offers increased plus a marginal improvement in

Where should I get it serviced dealer or independent?

Your will certainly be the most with your hybrid he’ll see more of them anyone else. He’ll know about common and service actions that may you time and money. This is true during the warranty

So for anything that’s unique to a — the hybrid batteries, the motors or the hybrid electronics or stuff like the electric steering that’s showing up on hybrids — you’d do to stick with the dealer. a lot of a hybrid car is just like any car. So for routine service as tires, brakes, shocks and oil you can take a hybrid anywhere you

In time independent shops gain more experience on The question is, do you want them to that experience on your Are you willing to put up with a few nasty conflagrations while Crusty up to speed on the new Fusion?

If not, be to ask your regular mechanic how experience he’s had with drive systems. Find out if taken any courses in hybrid and safety. Here’s just one of why that matters. It’s to accidentally leave a hybrid in the on

Now, imagine that car on a drained of oil during an oil change. the car’s computer decides it to turn on the engine. Result? One engine.

If your mechanic is someone you a relationship with, and he’s enough to send you to the dealer an issue is outside of his area of then you can always start him. If not, consider with the dealer for anything and using your local guy for the

Is there a lot more service And will it be more expensive it happens?

We don’t think will be more service — but the reliability of the hybrid plant, particularly as it ages, is somewhat of an unknown. However, manufacturers are offering good on most or all of the hybrid components. offers an eight-year/100,000-mile warranty on its components in the Prius.

Honda’s battery pack comes an 8-year/80,000-mile warranty, or a 10-year/150,000-mile if you happen to live in California, or a other states, as well as the of Columbia.

And there’s some news emerging on the hybrid front. A recent report that repair costs of are about the same of non-hybrid It used to be true that a Prius sent you to your equity line of credit, the average repair of a Prius about eight percent than a similar sized

But now that more hybrids are on the — and as a result more parts are available — costs for hybrids are now about to their non-hybrid equivalent.

it true that no one knows how the batteries will last, and having to replace them cost several thousand

The jury is still out on the longevity of the battery bank. To date, they’ve proven themselves to be hardy. Toyota is pretty they say that their are expected to last the lifetime of the and that lab tests show they can go the equivalent of 180,000 with no deterioration. We have no if Ford’s results will be Honda says its battery are designed to last 10 years normal driving conditions.

Ford and Toyota all warrantee battery packs for eight or at least 80,000 miles.

the batteries are the unknown variable in the costs of maintaining a hybrid All we can say for sure is that if you drive a far enough, you’ll eventually to replace the battery pack. As an the Prius battery pack set you back a little over when the time comes. But if driven a car for 150,000 or 200,000 that’s not so terrible, is it?

It’s actually more of a for people buying high used hybrids.

Will break down more

We certainly hope so! Remember: mechanics. But, so far, have proven remarkably There’s a good reason for

Most of each hybrid is made from existing brakes, tires, exhaust the conventional gas engine, shocks even the classic, pine air freshener.

As of this writing, the hybrids are now more than 10 old. We’re about to out how the cost of replacing the batteries impact the perception of hybrids especially those that are to come onto the used car

I’ve heard that vehicles involved in a crash a danger to emergency personnel, those workers might get by cutting through a high-voltage I’d hate to live the guilt of zapping my neighborhood EMTs!

The automakers have this concern by painting the lines a bright orange and encasing the lines in metal beneath the passenger compartment, they’re well out of the way. In they’ve put their rescue online, and offered training to emergency responders. In fact, the Air Resources Board has found these vehicles pose no risks over a conventional and the National Highway Traffic Administration is not aware of any deaths of EMT — and there’s about a hybrid vehicles on the road.

We do however, about those who aren’t trained, such as tow drivers and Good Samaritans.

federal tax incentives are available for owners?

Currently, the federal provides a one-time, income-tax ranging from $250 for a drive Chevy Silverado to for the Ford Fusion, but the credits be phased out as each manufacturer sales of 60,000 — the is to help get hybrids onto the roads, not to provide every buyer with a tax break.

60,000 sales are rung up, a phase out will begin the ensuing quarter of the calendar half the credit will be for the first two quarters, and a fourth of the in the final two quarters of the year. about getting a credit on the Toyota Prius. Federal tax for both Toyota and Honda already been phased

Credit is still available for GM and Nissan hybrids.

At the state and levels, there’s a confounding of deductions and exemptions, including that welcomes hybrids in (or HOV) lanes. It’s all too to go into here; check out the Protection Agency’s Fuel website to find out what’s up in neck of the woods.

How cost are hybrids? Is it true that I not make back the upfront

The catch with hybrids to be that they would pay for themselves, for the average driver, if the of gasoline hovers around $3 a or more. The Civic Hybrid, for costs $4,000 more its non-hybrid counterpart. Even if gas $2.00 a gallon, it would around 200,000 miles to even on fuel costs

Electric Cars

While it’s currently that hybrids aren’t to pay for their premium in fuel alone, there are other savings to consider. It is possible to that break-even point tax breaks. There are tax advantages to a hybrid. but they vary depending on the vehicle and the state you in.

You should also consider and maintenance costs, insurance, and when factoring in the real of a hybrid. Until recently, was cause for worry that local dealer or independent wasn’t equipped to handle but that’s not much of a worry so many of them on the road

Still, you will need to sit take an hour or two, and do the You might be surprised to find while you do have to shell out extra cash up front, and costs could be higher, a might still be worth the dough. Then you can run a few different with gasoline at $2, $3, $4, and, for fun, $5, $6, and $7.

Then there’s the factor. How much is it worth to you to less? To make the country dependent on oil?

To smirk to yourself while the guy in the Tahoe, in of you at the pumps, is putting 30 gallons his rig for the second time in a week, you fill up so infrequently, you can’t remember which side gas filler is on?

Finally, before you run out and the ranks of the silent-at-the-stop-sign elite, a moment to consider buying a with a traditional engine. Do the and see if the hybrid premium makes for you. There are a number of cars that are just as as some hybrids.

Our pals at cars.com have a list of some of the highest conventional cars.

What the resale value of a hybrid?

it comes to holding their hybrids do reasonably well to conventional vehicles. Take a Prius, for example. For instance, a base model Prius for $20,930 when it was new. A similarly equipped 2008 in excellent condition now lists for in Kelly Blue Book.

the Ford Escape Hybrid well. A 2008 4WD model for $27,775. A used 2008 is now That’s not bad for a car of that vintage.

The ’08 Ford Escape, lost over $4,000 its first year.

How about the road, when you’ve up 75,000 miles, burned a pallet of air-fresheners and left butt-print permanently etched on the At that point, the resale of hybrids seems to have about the same percentage as conventional vehicles. According to Blue Book, after years, a Prius is expected to 46 percent of its sticker price, to 48 percent for the Toyota Corolla, the closest non-hybrid equivalents.

The Camry and Camry hybrid holds onto 37 percent of resale value, after years. The Ford Escape hangs onto 24 percent of its price, compared with 19 for the conventional Ford Escape.

Our are subject to plenty of error, with the whims of the marketplace. In however, recent, popular have tended to hold resale values so far. Why is It could be the coolness factor. Or, it’s the fear of yo-yoing gas

Or the lust for new technology. Whatever the hybrids like the Prius are in steady demand — so, obviously, when gas prices During times of high gas hybrid buyers can expect to themselves on waiting lists, and top dollar when their finally come up.

All of which a used Prius that more valuable.

A caveat hybrids not depreciating all that is that they’re fairly as used cars. Sometimes it just to buy new.

What about costs?

Okay, so you’ve down the money and bought a hybrid. Now what can you expect? A study by Consumer Reports that drivers can expect to between $500 to $4,250 a five-year period by driving a when compared to a similarly conventional car. (And number doesn’t include any tax credits.)

The Consumer’s study also that it could take as as one year to pay off the hybrid price in some instances. How can this be? the savings aren’t based on savings, alone.

Once you in all the costs of car ownership — maintenance, repairs, insurance, and sales tax — that dinero you fork out upfront come back to you sooner expected. (Besides, what are you going to do with it? Put it in the stock Of course, your actual will depend on gas prices, rebates and tax incentives are available, and how miles you rack up visiting Gilda.

Available Models

have come a long way the first Honda Insight in 1999. Back then, a free-range, tofu-munching hybrid just meant that you had to a few small things — looks, comfort, space for groceries, a quiet ride, and — oh yes — room for than one passenger. Then, in along came the Prius, a but more-normal-sized, four-door sedan looked and drove like a car.

Now, there are no than a dozen true vehicles on the market, including sedans like the Prius the V wagon, the C compact and the Plug-In added to the lineup), Honda Insight and CR-Z, and Ford and utility vehicles like the C-MAX Hybrid, Toyota and Lexus CT and ES. If that isn’t there are also even fuel-efficient plug-in hybrids to from, including the aforementioned the Chevy Volt, the Fisker and the Ford C-MAX Energi.

more information on specific Here’s info on MPG, costs, and rebates, along photos, expert and customer

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