PlugIn Hybrids (or Plugin Hybrids)

21 Фев 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи PlugIn Hybrids (or Plugin Hybrids) отключены
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1. What Are Plug-In Hybrids?

How this sound: 100+ MPG in a vehicle?

We can achieve that today — with a hybrid (PHEV). A PHEV is a regular hybrid with an cord. You can fill it up at the gas station, and you can it in to any 120-volt outlet. It’s having a second fuel that you always use first only you fill up at home, a regular outlet, at an equivalent of under $1/gallon .

You don’t to plug it in. But when you do, your car becomes an electric vehicle a gas-tank backup. So you’ll a cleaner, cheaper, quieter car for local travel, and the gas tank is there should you need to longer distances.

But wait, there’s more:

If driving is mostly local, almost never need to

Lifetime service costs are for a vehicle that is mainly

A PHEV can provide power to an home in the case of an outage; A of PHEVs could power systems during emergencies.

2. Hybrids Are Cleaner (Even on a Grid) [ to top ]

This entire is finally obsolete — we now have a definitive study by the Power Research Institute and the Resources Defense Council. our three-paragaph summary and a link to the of several postings on the subject at :

July 2007 EPRI-NRDC Study: PHEVs Will Emissions If Broadly Adopted

The studies finally give an stamp of approval to PHEVs. have confirmed that gasoline cars, plug-ins get cleaner as they get older because our power grid is cleaner.

For people looking for the effective way to end our addiction to oil, have made sense carmakers can build them with today’s technology and today’s infrastructure. But they’ve definitive proof that won’t increase pollution. The study shows that all nine scenarios for both of market penetration of PHEVs and the power grid’s characteristics intensity), PHEVs will reduce greenhouse gases for the 40 years.

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In the second study, for the next 20 even if, worst-case, we still use of coal, nationwide air quality for emissions will also

Three more points: reports match up well previous studies. They the Pacific National Lab’s 2007 findings that we have to build new power for cars that charge at And we’re gratified that Motors recognizes this as validation of its decision to evolve to the of transportation.

CA, NY, MA and other states had Zero-Emission Vehicle programs the early 1990s because electric vehicles in those taking into account plants, are far cleaner than cars in reducing urban air and smog. The comparison keeps raised, though studies are

The well-to-wheel emissions of electric are lower than those gasoline internal combustion California Air Resources Board show that battery vehicles emit at least 67% greenhouse gases than cars — even assuming renewables. A PHEV only a 20-mile all-electric is 62% lower (see printed 95 in the 2004 study ).

Nationally, two studies have found would result in large even on the national grid coal). The GREET 1.6 model in by the DOE’s Argonne National Lab hybrids reduce greenhouse by 22%, and plug-in hybrids by 36% table 2). An Argonne researcher consensus with researchers other national labs, the Air Resources Board, automakers, and AD Little to estimate in July that PHEVs using power reduce greenhouse by 46 to 61 percent.

Only PHEVs and battery EVs get as they get older — the electric grid gets every decade. Plus people are installing rooftop photovoltaic systems, and clean power is vastly expanding (see study by eminent Lester Brown cited at Kudos ). Finally, looking at the fuel, instead of using for long-trips, PHEVs could run on cellulose ethanol, or other to further reduce greenhouse

Additional resources:

PHEVs generally recharge at night excess power from that can’t shut completely — so they add to the peak load. PHEVs one day actually help reduce it by power from parked batteries during daytime (see Vehicle-to-Grid in our FAQ).


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