The History of Lexus Ls400

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The History Of Lexus Ls400

The LS is a full-size luxury sedan serves as the flagship model of Four generations of the V8-powered, drive Lexus LS have produced to date. The original LS the first Lexus to be developed, in 1989.

Subsequent generations of the flagship added technological luxury appointments, and safety The Lexus LS is recognized as one of the most vehicles ever built, and its is regarded among the quietest of automobiles. Each successive LS design has become the best-selling luxury sedan in the United

In 2006, Lexus launched the generation Lexus LS, offering the long wheelbase version of its model. Beginning with the model year, an all-wheel hybrid joined the line up. The new LS introduces the latest in Lexus including the first production automatic transmission, an automatic system, and on the hybrid models, the production LED headlamps in the U.S.

Several different Lexus LS are sold worldwide, including long wheelbase, hybrid, and versions.

Lexus’ flagship has held the highest ranking in Power’s Vehicle Dependability for over twelve consecutive and Consumer Reports has named the LS as the dependable vehicle ever In 2007, international jurors the LS 460 as the World Car of the Year.

In August Toyota chairman Eiji initiated the F1 project (Flagship and No. 1 alternatively called the Circle-F a top secret effort aimed at a world-class luxury sedan. past Toyota efforts, the F1 was not bound by a specific budget or constraints. It also did not utilize Toyota vehicle platforms or

Instead, chief engineer Suzuki sought to develop an design that would existing flagship luxury Specific targets included: a aerodynamic exterior, quieter higher top speed, and more design versus American and rivals.

To achieve their F1 engineers produced new concepts and designs, resulting in hundreds of applications. Their final would have among the drag coefficients of any production (Cd 0.29), record a quiet 58 dB of noise at a cruising speed of 62 mph km/h), and exhibit lower of vibration than rival The F1 design’s new 4.0 L V8 engine produced (190kW), had a maximum speed of 155 mph km/h), and avoided the U.S. tax.

Over a period of years, a team of over engineers, technicians, and other F1 built some 450 flagship and 900 engine prototypes. During the development process, engineers modified Toyota models for use as vehicles. Prototype F1 vehicles driven over a total of 2.7 kilometers on testing locations from winter Europe deserts in Arizona, Australia, and Arabia, to U.S. highways and areas. To ensure quality, precise manufacturing standards developed to produce higher of fit and finish in the new sedan. Toyota’s plant, a highly automated was selected as the site of production.

selection tests examined types of leather and scrutinized 24 kinds of wood for use in the passenger Total costs for the project $1 billion.

By 1986, Toyota had decided to form a new luxury Lexus, to support the launch of flagship sedan. The final of the resulting Lexus LS 400 (UCF10) was in 1987 and premiered at U.S. and auto shows in 1989. the LS 400 was initially developed as a standalone for Lexus, it was ultimately sold the ES 250, an entry-level luxury car on the Toyota Camry. The first dealerships in the U.S. began of the Lexus LS and its stablemate in September Sales in Australia, Canada, and began in 1990.

In its first months on sale, Lexus 11,574 LS 400 models in the U.S. sales exceeded Lexus’ and totaled 63,534 for 1990. In an equivalent, right-hand drive was sold as the Toyota Celsior Lexus’ domestic debut in

Although the Lexus flagship had designed for export markets at the Toyota’s domestic sales had grown desirous for a Japanese version as the design process The resulting Celsior-badged models upgrades that were featured on the LS, such as rear air and massage seats; an advertising with Sega produced with detailed 3d models and using Dreamcast consoles.

By on the strength of the Lexus LS’ success, Lexus became the luxury import in the United The LS regularly outsold its rivals, the top-selling luxury flagship in the U.S.—a title it achieved 15 out of the 17 years since its debut. In a mid-cycle refresh was introduced to the LS, and a practice of updates was adopted for generations.

In 1995, Lexus the redesigned, second generation LS 400 featuring a longer wheelbase similar styling and specifications as the model. The third generation LS 430 premiered in 2001, introducing a new design and a host of new interior and features. In 2006, Lexus in the Japanese market, signaling the end of Celsior sales.

In its place, Toyota dealerships continued to the Crown Majesta, a Japanese-market which had similar dimensions as the LS 400. From 2006 all versions of the LS were exclusively under the Lexus nameplate in available market.

The fourth LS (USF40 / USF41) premiered as a concept car, the LF-Sh, in 2005, and the LS series was formally at the North American International Show in January 2006. For the time, the Lexus LS was offered in standard and long wheelbase Innovations on the new LS 460 and LS 460 L included advanced features, real-time traffic onboard infrared sensors, and luxury features than on models. The Lexus LS series of flagship sedans went on worldwide in late 2006, Lexus’ efforts to establish as a global luxury brand.

The hybrid models, the LS 600h and LS L (UVF45 / UVF46), became in the U.S. Japan, and Europe in All LS sedans continue to be exclusively at the Tahara, Japan plant, has since received multiple manufacturing plant awards for In its largest market, the United starting prices for the 2008 LS range from $61,500 for the wheelbase LS 460 to over $104,000 for the produced hybrid LS 600h L.

I (1989)

In January 1989, the flagship of the Lexus line, the LS 400 I), made its debut at the North International Auto Show. to compete head-to-head with the flagships of the leading auto the first generation LS was among the luxury sedans to feature adjustable shoulder belts and rear-view mirror. The five-passenger also featured a walnut and interior, power-adjustable memory soft-touch controls, electroluminescent gauges, and the first automatic steering wheel with SRS The vehicle featured an independent, suspension setup. Available were an air suspension (used to or lower the vehicle), a Nakamichi sound system, and an integrated telephone with hands-free

Sandwich steel body were introduced to further cabin noise. Equipped a 4.0 L V8 engine and rear wheel the LS 400 could accelerate from in 7.9 seconds and featured a top speed of 250 (155 mph).

The LS 400 introduced the nameplate to the U.S. and worldwide and won critical acclaim from the Wheels magazine named the LS 400 its Car of the and Car and Driver magazine named it to its Ten list for 1990. In 1989 tests, Automobile Magazine and Car and both rated the LS 400 as the best luxury sedan over models ranging from BMW, Cadillac, Infiniti, and Mercedes-Benz.

The LS 400 debuted at $38,000, and it was as better than both the Mercedes 420SEL and the $55,000 BMW in terms of ride, handling and (In some markets, it was priced mid-sized six cylinder Mercedes-Benz and BMW Reviewers found the LS 400 superior in engine performance, ergonomics, quality, styling, and overall while critics faulted and the softer, more isolated (depending on suspension setup). The positive reaction (with results in other reviews) the automotive industry, as a relative had beaten long-established brands at own game.

Shortly after its as the marque’s inaugural and flagship Lexus ordered a recall of the vehicles sold so far, upon just two customer A dealership recalled that the didn’t run and hide, instead a sweeping operation. Instead of owners to visit dealers, sent technicians to quickly repair, and return the LS cars to the even flying in personnel and garage space for owners in locations.

The general manager of U.S. operations said We saw it as an to cement our relationship with the right from the beginning.

The generation LS was a commercial success, between 21,000 and 42,000 annually. The base price for the market first generation LS in was $35,000 with an additional destination charge in California. initial price undercut by thousands of dollars and provided the well-reviewed LS 400 with an added incentive for prospective buyers. sales of the LS 400 exceeded 166,000 The success of the LS 400 cost rivals in revenue and was credited with the dynamics of the luxury market.

In to compete with Lexus, were forced to adjust and add more standard equipment and features. An estimated five of 1989 early sales to rival manufacturers, who secretly the vehicle for analysis. In 1996, Magazine named the first LS as one of the 24 Most Important Vehicles of the Century, in recognition of the impact the had on the automotive industry.

UCF10 II

For the 1993 model year, the LS 400 (UCF10 II) was introduced with than 50 changes, largely in to customer and dealer requests. of these changes included brake rotors, wheels and CFC-free refrigerant, additional side moldings, and a revised along with a greater of colors. Adjustments were to the vehicle’s suspension and power system to improve handling. For the passenger front airbags, an temperature gauge, digital and seatbelt pretensioners were

These changes added to a of convenience and performance improvements the LS 400 had received in preceding years. By the LS 400’s U.S. base exceeded $50,000, a figure had steadily risen since the introduction. Customer demand for the and shifts in foreign exchange contributed to the increase in price.

I (1995)


A redesigned second LS 400 (UCF20) was introduced in 1995. the UCF20 retained the general and contours of the original LS, over percent of its internal composition was new or The wheelbase increased by 1.4 in. (35.6 resulting in more interior and an additional 2.6 in. of rear seat (66.0 mm). However, capacity was slightly reduced. The 4.0 L V8 engine gave the second LS more power and torque, and the design (developed by the Calty Research center in the U.S.) was aerodynamic (Cd 0.28) than the model.

The UCF20 featured sound insulation, a strengthened structure, suspension updates, and brakes. Even with upgrades, the redesigned model was (95kg) lighter than the and achieved slightly better economy.

The interior also received a and new features. Automatic dual-zone controls added convenience the updated dashboard, center and storage compartments, including cupholders, increased functionality. To enhance driving comfort, a seat cushion design, to the car’s suspension, featured internal coil springs and bars.

One of the first in-dash CD was offered as an option. Safety included enlarged crumple three-point seatbelts at all positions, and a new steering column.

Reviewers that the second generation stayed relatively close to the of the original. Later interviews revealed that although radical proposals were Lexus engineers opted for a approach, ensuring that few dramatic changes were for this first LS redesign. The new roomier cabin, improved and smooth but isolated ride praise.

However, some wrote that redesigned competitors surpassed the LS in terms of handling and breadth of available and options.

Ultimately, the UCF20 sales were not as voluminous as the model, reaching just 110,000 units during its production run. But, it was the best-selling full size sedan in the United States. The LS 400 also retained a significant advantage against its more competition, launching with a base price of $51,680 in and reaching the mid-$50,000 range in years.

UCF20 II (1998)

For the model year, the revised LS 400 II) was introduced featuring a new 290 hp (216 kW) 1UZ-FE engine mated a five-speed automatic transmission. The new improved 0-60 mph acceleration to 6.4 while adding 30ft·lbf of torque. The UCF20 II sported a new fascia (with an increased gap the headlights and grille), revised (with a HID option), slightly tail lights, five alloy wheels, and reshaped mirrors for reduced wind

Fuel economy was further to 19miles per US gallon (12L/100km; city, 25miles per US gallon 30mpg-imp) highway (then-current EPA

New standard safety features front side air bags, control (TRAC), Vehicle Control, and a window jam protection New interior amenities included rear headrests, additional accents on the steering wheel and selector, and a GPS-linked, hard-disk based navigation system a concealed antenna. The HomeLink control system and trip modernized the cabin, and adaptive control was an option. For added and security, the headlights were with a programmable delay which allowed them to illuminated as the occupants exited the (or if a door was left ajar).

and sunroof controls were added to the remote control.

I (2001)

For 2001, the LS 430 (UCF30 I) was While previous LS redesigns evolutionary, the third generation LS was a thorough revision of the model’s and interior, with the vehicle’s increasing in terms of length and The UCF30 had a completely redesigned and a new 4.3 L 3UZ-FE engine generating (216kW) and 320ft·lbf (434N•m) of The LS 430 sported a 0-60 mph acceleration of 6.3 seconds.

A new torque-activated powertrain system made throttle based on vehicle speed, r.p.m. and pedal position. A (76 mm) wheelbase stretch resulted in interior volume than the Mercedes-Benz S-Class and allowed the to be positioned further rearward for balance. A Euro-tuned suspension was offered for the first time.

The LS 430 was more aerodynamic than (Cd 0.26; 0.25 with air making it one of the most aerodynamic available). Improved production achieved body panel within 0.001 mm, a tenfold The completely redesigned interior woodgrain trim on the dashboard and and an LCD touchscreen on the center console, with dual glove oscillating air conditioning vents, temperature sensors, and extra spaces. The driver’s seat dual lumbar controls and an cushion length feature for thigh support.

Full and rear side curtain provided additional cabin

New options included a customized Levinson premium sound Dynamic Laser Cruise rain-sensing windshield wipers, a navigation system, Lexus telematics system, power and trunk closers, heated and seats, and laminated side The Ultra Luxury package these features along sonar-enabled Lexus Park semi-aniline leather, power rear seats with massage and audio controls, air filter with ultraviolet filtration, and a rear cooler.

such as AutoWeek and Edmunds.com the LS 430 as exhibiting smooth engine along with useful and audio systems. Criticisms the increased expense of options and the exterior styling, with reviewers perceiving a resemblance to the Mercedes-Benz W140 model. tests noted the LS 430’s and starting price differential competitors.

In its first year of the third generation Lexus LS became the top-selling prestige in the U.S. with 31,473 produced and sold in total. continued sales success, the LS 430 this title until its year of production, and over total units were in total. Pricing for the LS 430 in the U.S. ranged upwards from an base price of $55,750 to $70,000 when equipped the Ultra Luxury package. At the end, the LS 430’s pricing on European rivals such as the A8 and BMW 7 Series.

The continued sales of the LS enabled Lexus to become the Japanese luxury make could convincingly command $50,000 price premiums for its top

UCF30 II (2004)

The updated LS 430 II) was introduced in 2004. Lexus the front and rear fascias, redesigned adaptive projector (which swiveled in the direction of turns), LED taillights, and different The transmission received an added gear.

The 0-60 time was shaved to 5.9 (a 0.4 sec. improvement over the I model). A backup camera, Pre-Collision System (which millimeter-wavelength radar to predict and related Dynamic Laser Control were new options. A moonroof and power rear both former options, standard.

Interior updates in the II LS 430 included the fourth generation navigation system, Bluetooth, airbags, and lighted rear-seat mirrors. With the new SmartAccess the LS could detect the key fob in the owner’s and unlock the doors by touch. key fobs could also be with driver memory allowing the vehicle to prepare the for the use of a specific driver.

New trim included antique walnut or bird’s eye maple wood and ecru perforated leather.

The LS 430 was the reliable luxury sedan in the Power and Associates Initial Survey in every year of (with the early and late of this series the best and the highest recorded scorer in Power’s Vehicle Dependability with few or no problems after years of ownership.

In 2004 and Consumer Reports named the UCF 30 II LS 430 as the Car We Ever Tested, citing testing and customer reviews.

/ USF41 (2007)

Introduced at the North American International Show, the redesigned 2007 LS is the Lexus model offered in standard and long wheelbase The LS 460 (USF40) uses the standard (2969mm) wheelbase, while the LS 460 L features a stretched 121.7in. wheelbase. Based on the LF-Sh vehicle and using an all-new the LS 460 and LS 460 L feature a brand-new 4.6L V8 producing 380 hp (283kW) and 367ft·lbf of torque. The new LS also contains the first eight-speed automatic The transmission housing is made die-cast aluminum to maximize and save weight.

Gear take as little as 350 ms with gear changes possible. The complex electronic and safety were shown in further at the Geneva Motor Show in 2006, while an all-wheel hybrid version, the LS 600h L, its debut at the New York Auto in April 2006. A standard hybrid model, the LS 600h, on sale in Japan and Europe in and an all-wheel drive version of the LS 460 premiered at the Moscow Motor in 2008.

The fourth generation flagship is the first LS to receive the cues of Lexus’ new design L-finesse. The design features forms running the length of the with wheel arches, chrome trim, a grille set below the level of the headlamps, and a profile. Additional details of the include adaptive headlamps to look like Baccarat chrome exhaust vents into the rear bumper, and L/S shapes.

According to Lexus, of craftsmanship were raised to levels for their new flagship. A lustrous paint finish wet-sanding of the entire body by hand, a rare treatment for vehicles. The leather on the seats and wheel are buffed six times than previously for a smoother

Upgraded materials (such as a made out of ecsaine, a suede-like used by couturier Yves are offered for the cabin interior.

options on the new Lexus LS include a Mark Levinson Reference Sound System, sonar-based Intuitive Park Assist, and a 30 GB HDD with room for 2,000 The fifth generation HDD-based navigation system features XM a real-time traffic monitoring with dynamic rerouting (in the and similar systems elsewhere). SmartAccess with push-button Optitron instrument panel TFT multi-information display, auxiliary MP3 input, and a 5-position tire monitor are standard equipment.

The Parking Guidance System can parallel-park or reverse-park the LS into a space with minimal input at the push of a button. feature utilizes the backup and parking sensors. Other features include Dynamic Cruise Control, which can and brake while monitoring a Brake Hold button, prevents creeping forward when the driver’s foot is off the pedal, and the Automatic Parking which can engage the parking simultaneously whenever the transmission is to Park.

Comfort and convenience range from a 16-way heated and cooled driver to a rear cabin with reclining memory seats, a box, and five powered Certain versions of the LS can be equipped climate control features as first automobile ceiling air air purifiers, air ionisers, and four-zone control with infrared temperature sensors. A special-order Class Four-Seat Package on the LS 460 L a rear seat DVD entertainment with ceiling fold-down LCD fixed center console a swivel tray table, and a shiatsu and shoulder massaging seat. A 24-hour concierge/emergency aid Lexus Link, is offered in America, with the analogous system offered in Japan.

market LS sedans also MiniDisc compatibility, television onboard security surveillance and remote cellphone access.

features on the latest LS include airbags, standard stability/traction systems (with disable anti-lock brakes, and additional assist features. Newly advanced safety features below) making their premiere on the LS 460 and LS 460 L include the Driver System and the front and rear capabilities of the Lexus Pre-Collision These systems include recognition, infrared night and pedestrian detection faculties.

LS 460 L

The wheelbase LS 460 L was the debut vehicle of the LS at the 2006 North American Auto Show. The LS 460 L sports an 4.8 inches (121.9 mm) of length, passengers a more capacious compartment, and adds more and performance features. Exterior-wise, the LS 460 L has a profile as the LS 460, with overhangs in both front and the rear passenger doors are longer in the stretched model. amenities include a power trunk, heated steering backup camera, navigation XM NavTraffic in the U.S.

Bluetooth, semi-aniline leather and heated/cooled power memory seats. The LS 460 L offers the Variable Ratio Steering (VGRS) and the Variable Air Suspension performance the air suspension features normal, and sport modes. Compared to the wheelbase LS 460, the LS 460 L adds up to (110kg) of weight while matching the 0-60 acceleration of its stablemate, listed at 5.4 seconds.

The Class Four-Seat Package massaging rear seat is an for chauffeured customers.

The U.S. price for the 2007 LS 460 L was $71,715. from 2006–2007, the average paid for a LS 460 L in the U.S. was $81,988, due to added options packages. The premiums for the long wheelbase put the Lexus LS in the same price as its long wheelbase Audi, and Jaguar rivals for the first

Global launch

The 2007 LS went on sale in Japan on 19, 2006. It was the first time the car was under the Lexus marque in and identified the next phase of launch as a global luxury The LS 460 and LS 460 L arrived at dealerships in the United on October 20, 2006.

Sales of the LS 460 in Europe in late 2006. In 2007, the redesigned Lexus LS the Middle East and other countries. The LS 460 arrived in Australia in

The fourth generation LS received media attention at its official Among the automotive press, Magazine called the latest LS a new for the category of luxury flagship while Edmunds.com described the wheelbase model (which a U.S. base price of as having an interior of perfection not yet an equal to its rivals with dynamics and standard suspension. later praised the LS 460 L for its performance and air

Some critics such as Top and Road and Track further the new LS as directed more towards comfort and quiet versus similar to previous LS models, others found that the new exhibited improved performance.

The Parking Guidance System, the attention-grabbing feature of the new LS, was featured on programs such as ABC’s News with Charles and Good Morning America in the international cable news popular talk shows as The Oprah Winfrey Show, and print publications and automotive sites. Reviewers had different to the feature, with its utility multiple responses ranging useful to impractical, depending on the situation and driver.

At the 2007 New International Auto Show, the LS 460 the World Car of the Year award, by automotive journalists from countries. The panel commented the LS was “the embodiment of the Lexus ‘pursuit of perfection.’

UVF45 / (2008)

The original concept for the LS 460, the LF-Sh, featured a powertrain and all-wheel drive. subsequently debuted these in production form with the of its hybrid LS flagship vehicles, the LS and LS 600h L.

LS 600h / LS 600h L

introduced the LS 600h L (UVF46), the first V8-powered full at the 2006 New York Auto The long wheelbase LS 600h L is with Lexus Hybrid featuring a 5.0L 2UR-FSXE V8 mated to a high-output electric with nickel-metal hydride packs. This system an output of 438hp (327kW), to V12 sedans such as the BMW 760Li also produces 438hp). The LS features all-wheel drive a Torsen limited-slip differential, is with a two-stage continuously transmission (CVT) along the Adaptive Variable Air Suspension, and an environmentally-friendly Super Ultra Low Vehicle (SULEV) rating.

The L mileage, at 20 mpg city, 22 highway, and 21 is slightly higher overall the lower-powered non-hybrid 460 L’s mpg numbers (these are EPA 2008 figures). In Europe, the LS 600h has rated at 9.5L/100km (24.8mpgU.S.), the LS 460 at (21.2mpgU.S.). The transmission features a power switch for control of output between hybrid power, or snow modes; an EV mode allows for ultra-quiet under full electric Because of the silent nature of its design, the LS hybrid is among the sedans ever built. A wheelbase version destined for and Europe, the LS 600h (UVF45), was in Japan in April 2006.

for both vehicles were at a mid-2007 release.

The LS 600h and LS L are positioned as the halo vehicles of the LS series, and are equipped with the levels of technology and luxury ever offered on the Lexus In addition to BMW 760Li, the LS 600h L compete with the range-topping V12 S-Class models (e.g. whose prices exceed After its press debut, the LS L’s price was speculated to be than any previous Lexus, and on 6, 2007, Lexus announced the U.S. base price for the LS L would be over $104,000.

a price reaching six figures, the LS L elevates Lexus into the stratum for the first time.

specific to the LS hybrids include the production LED headlight systems in the States of America, a leather-trimmed two-tone leather, additional trim, and multi-zone climate with infrared body sensors. A different multi-link suspension, expressly developed for the LS 600h L, is standard, while an Active Stabilizer Control for the air suspension provides further during high-speed maneuvering. A black opal color and differently-hued trunk 600h, and Lexus emblems further the LS hybrids.

The standard SmartAccess key fob can also be with a SmartAccess wallet-sized card; at just 3.35 thick, the smart card is the thinnest automobile smart

For 2007, Lexus announced the LS L Launch Edition for the first 100 LS sold in the U.S, sold upscale department store Marcus. By March 2007, the allocation of LS hybrids in the U.S. was sold out, with preorders placed months debut. In 2008, Lexus the trunk space in the LS hybrids by due to a redesign of the rear battery

The LS hybrid’s environmental impact prompted several company and heads of state to acquire the

As of October, 2007, Lexus 6,093 LS 600h’s worldwide. the LS hybrid originally went on in July 2007, Lexus targeted 7,000 total for the year. Ward’s Auto and media outlets have that the Lexus LS 600h year’s (2007) allocation was sold out and that there was a one backorder as a result.

Advanced systems

The fourth generation LS incorporates multiple new active and safety features. The comprehensive safety feature on the Lexus LS, the Pre-Collision System (PCS), now millimeter-wavelength radar, stereo and infrared night vision to prevent accidents. This called Pre-Crash internationally, an obstacle detection and warning with the first automotive of an image processing chip of identifying vehicles, pedestrians, and markers in real time. The system provides audiovisual steering and brake support, and the seat belts.

Some versions of the Lexus system offer rear sensing and can the head restraints to reduce the of whiplash injuries. With capability, PCS features the Driver and Lane Keeping Assist Emergency Steering Assist, and the and rear Pre-Crash response

The Driver Monitoring System a CCD camera placed on the steering to track driver attentiveness by eye Using infrared LED detectors, system will respond if a is imminent and the driver not paying (a warning alarm will followed by a brief automatic of the braking system). This is said to be the first of its kind.

In the the Driver Monitoring System on the LS 600h L sedan.

The Lane Assist (not available on the LS due to conflict with LED headlamps) includes the Lane Departure (LDW) and Lane Keep systems. When activated, the LDW will issue an audiovisual and apply a brief corrective response when veering is detected. The LK system (activated the adaptive cruise control is will actively provide steering inputs to return the LS to its lane.

The Emergency Steering system acts to minimize roll and improve vehicle in sudden maneuvers. This reduces the steering gear and prompts the suspension to adopt settings, helping make maneuvers more stable and

The Frontal Pre-Crash system activate a warning buzzer and red lights to alert the driver if a hazard is detected in the vehicle’s If the system detects a potential the Emergency Steering Assist and assist systems will increasing effectiveness in emergency and stopping. If a collision is determined to be the seatbelt pretensioners will and the brakes will automatically to slow the vehicle.

The Rear system, the first active collision safety feature in an utilizes trunk-mounted obstacle and warning systems to react in of an emergency. In addition to driver if a rear collision is deemed sensor-equipped Pre-Crash Intelligent in the front seats will position upwards (up to 25 mm) and forwards (up to 60 mm) to the head during impact, the risk of whiplash. In the U.S. the of the rear Pre-Crash system is FCC regulatory approval.

On the fourth Lexus LS, standard active features also include controlled braking (ECB), brakes (ABS), and traction (TRAC). The stability/traction control Vehicle Dynamics Integrated (VDIM), incorporates ECB, brake force distribution; systems include Vehicle Control, Adaptive Variable and the Variable Gear Ratio systems. VDIM integrates systems to improve vehicle to driver input and prevent of control.

Passive safety include eight to ten standard (depending on model, up to eleven upgraded rear seats), detection systems, front and crumple zones, three-point with pretensioners and force and a reinforced steel body. driver and twin-chambered front airbags, full-length side airbags, front knee and Thorax-Abdomen-Pelvis (TAP) airbags are installed.

LS series variants

models based on the standard and long wheelbase (USF41) are sold worldwide. From rear-wheel drive is offered the 4.6 L gasoline powered V8, and all-wheel is featured with the 5.0 L hybrid V8. drive was added to non-hybrid for 2009 with the addition of passenger memory function.

markets receive a modified 4.6 L V8 without direct injection. The (UVF45) and long wheelbase hybrid models feature a planetary-gear continuously variable (CVT).

Pebble Beach

For the model year, the LS 600h L was in a 50-unit Pebble Beach in partnership with the Pebble Company, operator of the namesake courses and resorts. These featured Pebble Beach and tags, a two-tone interior, and the of a travel or merchandise package. The edition was first shown at the Pebble Beach Concours

Neiman Marcus

Specialty store Neiman Marcus 100 individually-numbered LS 600h L Launch sedans for early 2007, only through the Neiman catalog for InCircle members. special models came in an Truffle Mica color Alabaster interior.

Coach edition

The LS 400 UCF20 I was produced in a 1997 Coach limited to 2,500 units. models, produced in partnership American leather manufacturer Inc. featured Coach seats, embroidered emblems on the and floormats, special colors and trim, and a Coach cabin

LF-Sh concept

Further Lexus LF-Sh

The Lexus concept previewed the appearance of the generation USF40/USF41 design of the LS. This concept vehicle at the 2005 Tokyo Motor The designation refers to Lexus hybrid, and the vehicle took the of a hybrid standard wheelbase model with LED headlamps.

simulator

A specialized Lexus LS 460 is in a warehouse-sized driving simulator at Higashifuji Technical Center in Japan. This vehicle is inside a 4.5 x 7.0 meter high and surrounded by a 360° projector This setup is used to the audiovisual and vibration aspects of which are then transmitted to a driver occupant dome the forward cabin of an LS 460.

The dome simulates vehicle The driving simulator is used for and development of automotive safety

Further information: Lexus LS list

Reliability and quality. The LS has won the J.D. Power award for High-end Luxury Sedan 13 in a row, the most for any manufacturer, in the Vehicle Dependability Study. The LS has also been the highest-ranked sedan in J.D. Power’s Quality Survey for 10 consecutive

In 2006, Consumer Reports the Lexus LS with a repeat as the most reliable vehicle in the car class, and for vehicles overall.

and security. In 2007, Auto recognized the LS 460 Pre-Collision system its 2007 Innovation Prize, that its active safety surpassed the rival Mercedes-Benz Kiplinger’s named the 2006 LS 430 as in Safety for Cars $40,000 and In 2001, UK insurance centre awarded the LS 430 with its only theft-deterrence ratings; from the LS 430 topped the What Car?

Supertest with perfect 100

Advanced technology. Automotive firm TRG found that the LS 460 offered the most advanced features of any vehicle available in America. The LS has won Popular Mechanics’ Excellence and Popular Science’s and Engineering Awards.

Citing its firsts, the official publication of the of Automotive Engineers (SAE) the LS 460 as 2007’s Best Engineered and CNET.com named the 2007 LS 460 L its Tech Car of the Year.

Best-in-class Edmunds.com named the LS 430’s Levinson premium sound as the Best Sound System in Over $30,000 in consecutive top 10 in 2002–2005. Car Audio and Electronics the LS ahead of its competition in the areas of navigation and ergonomics.Ward’s Auto the LS 400’s V8 engine to its 10 Best awards lists from

In its 2002 luxury sedan test, Automotive Marketing Inc. found that the LS had the quietest cabin of any luxury with an idle reading of 31.1 dB in the front seat.

and loyalty. Kelley Blue gave the Lexus LS its Best to Value Award in 2001, and 2003. The LS is also a repeated Best Overall Value in the luxury class, and was R. L. Polk Polk Automotive Loyalty recipient from 2001 2005 for customer retention.

car. In 2007, the LS 460 was named Car of the Year at the North American Auto Show and was selected as the Luxury Car at the Fleet World In 2006, Kiplinger’s named the LS as the best luxury car for the sixth Consumer Reports named the LS as the luxury car in 2004, 2005, and

In 1989 and 2004, the Lexus LS was as the Car and Driver best luxury Consumer Reports ranked the LS 460 L in the premium luxury category 99pts out of 100, a full ahead of the S550.

Car of the Year. The LS has been named Wheels Car of the Year, Canadian Car of the Year, Top Limousine of the Year, and Japan Car of the (won by both the original LS 400 and the generation LS 460), among awards. In 2007, the LS 460 was named the best automobile at the World Car of the (WCOTY) and International Car of the Year awards.

A Lexus LS 430 is driven by Salazar and Wayne Palmer in 3 of 24 and by Phillip Bauer in season 6.

A LS 400 is used in 99 problems by rapper wile he gets stopped by a

In early episodes of The Sopranos, Moltisanti drives a Lexus LS which in the very first is used by Tony Soprano to run a man who owes him money.

In season 4 of Ari Gold drives a Lexus LS L, and gets stopped by police for

The Lexus LS 600h L is featured in the game Test Drive

James May bought a LS 400 to convert a police car in season 11 of Top Gear.

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