MercedesBenz EClass Estate model 1988

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1988 Mercedes-Benz E-Class

Mercedes-Benz E-Class Estate 1988

In 1984 Mercedes-Benz the 124 series — the first of vehicles that would be the E-Class, though renaming did not until June 1993. At its where traditionally only the is presented at first, the model followed the classic pattern. The of the 124 series is marked by a previously variety of models, body and innovations.

An important step in connection was the presentation of the Estate in 1985 at the International Motor in Frankfurt/Main.

This second of the sporty lifestyle Estate Mercedes-Benz largely corresponds to the in its engineering and styling: apart the deviating rear end design, the roof, and the changes which gave rise to, there are no in the body. Major components, system and suspension merely adapted to the higher payload, but were taken almost from the Saloon.

The safety achieved in the Saloon also was as much as possible for the Estate by the design engineers. In particular, the findings of safety research into the development of the rear overhang, an especially critical in estate car rear ends. One is the fuel tank, which for reasons is suspended underneath the floor in the Estates.

It was given a shape with sloping on the upper side of the tank and the floor. This ensures in a rear-end collision involving of the side members the tank is down and away, but held by straps so that it does not the road surface.

High-strength steel and other weight-reducing already were used in the models of the 201 series. In the 124 series, lightweight construction the Mercedes-Benz further improved the vehicle taking the 201 series and series 126 as benchmarks. The passenger compartment of the 124 is distinguished by high side and rollover resistance and is provided ingenious deformation zones in the end and in the rear. The criterion of an asymmetric collision with 40 percent at a speed of 55 km/h now also was met by the of the intermediate series.

In addition, areas of contact were to yield on impact to protect and cyclists.

Individualist with styling features

The design of the 124 shows a family likeness to the models. On the whole, however, the new series presented itself independent design elements had a functional background and were for the first time. Bruno Joseph Gallitzendörfer and Peter were responsible for this

The shape of the rear end both of the and the Estate had an especially favourable on drag resistance and was the product of tunnel testing. Aerodynamic measures resulted in a distinct in fuel consumption versus the model.

The much smaller Cd produced by the body design, as with the predecessor, brought a improvement above all in fuel Compared with the Estate with the internal designation S 123 the Cd was from 0.42 to between and 0.35, depending on engine.

An at sight inconspicuous, but remarkably design detail is the eccentric-sweep windscreen wiper. It wipes 86 of the windscreen — the biggest area of any car in the world at the time of the of the 124 series. Owing to a lifting superimposed on the rotary motion, the corners of the windscreen could be far more efficiently than a conventional single-arm wiper.

heated windscreen washer were part of the standard of all models of the series.

Chassis and

The front and rear suspension familiar from the compact make for outstanding handling They include a shock strut independent front with anti-dive control, by individual wishbones, and a multi-link rear suspension with rear wheel located by separate links and struts. The axle of the Estate models has level control as standard.

The Estate model range in the 124 comprises seven models different engines. The OM 601 of the 200 TD (53 kW) also the compact model 190 D with the output. Other diesel were the 250 TD (OM 602, 2.5 litres 66 kW) and the 300 TD with a three-litre six-cylinder (OM 80 kW).

In the 300 TD Turbo the 105 kW three-litre turbodiesel engine OM 603 A had its debut; the engineers developed it from the aspirated engine of the Saloon. The with petrol engine the four-cylinder models 200 T (80 kW) and 230 TE (100 kW) and the 300 TE (138 kW).

1985: is all-wheel-drive culture at Mercedes-Benz

Simultaneously with the Estate Stuttgart introduced the automatically four-wheel-drive system 4MATIC as a of the Mercedes-Benz Driving Dynamics This all-wheel-drive system was for the six-cylinder models of the 124 series; in the category the 300 TE 4MATIC and 300 TD Turbo could be had. Apart the complex control electronics the features a complete additional drive with transfer and differential, with the latter in the oil sump because of the installation in the engine compartment.

The high technical sophistication of perfected traction control showed in the selling price: the models, whose delivery in 1987, were almost deutschmarks more expensive their rear-wheel drive In addition to the automatically engaged system 4MATIC the Mercedes-Benz Dynamics Concept included the locking differential and the acceleration control ASR. So in this Mercedes-Benz altogether offered graduated, electronic, automatic dynamics systems, all of which the signals of the anti-lock braking

1986: Catalytic converter as in all Mercedes cars

As early as 1985, for all petrol-engined models of the except the carburettor-equipped 200 model a emission control system three-way catalytic converter was as an optional extra. Alternatively a catalyst retrofit version be had in which the vehicle was provided catalytic converter and oxygen but with the multifunctional mixture and ignition system (MF system). permitted retrofitting a vehicle a closed-loop catalytic converter at any and without any problems.

This gave the customer the greatest flexibility in determining the time of In the 1980s that was a considerable as the supply of unleaded fuel was not yet everywhere. The six-cylinder models delivered in the catalyst retrofit as standard. Their output was reduced by the change to the MF system.

In the with the 2.3-litre engine the retrofit option only was as an extra at first.

From 1986 on the carburettor model too was with emission control At that point the closed-loop converter was standard equipment for all car models with petrol The retrofit vehicles now only available as an optional extra an appropriate reduction in price).

offer was discontinued in August

As had been the practice for decades in the range of Mercedes-Benz, partially chassis also were in the 124 series. They were into ambulances, hearses or special versions by domestic and bodybuilders. New was that for the first these chassis were on the Estates and were manufactured with them in Bremen. with the standard-wheelbase variant, as 250 D and 230 E, additionally there was again a version offered as 250 D, 230 E and 260 E. Ambulance on these chassis originated at Binz in Lorch, Miesen in and Visser in Leeuwarden, Netherlands.

The manufacturers of 124-based hearses bodybuilders Pollmann in Bremen, in Wülfrath, Stolle in Hanover and in Mayen.

1988: Cleaner

Another Estate model in September 1988 at the Paris Show, the 200 TE (90 kW) with the proven injection engine of the 190 E. Other affecting the Estates from 1988 on concerned the turbocharged engine of the 300 TD Turbo and 300 TD Turbo models and emphasised the reduction of emissions through improvements to the process. This objective was by using a newly designed featuring oblique fuel which ensured more combustion. A pleasant side of the new diesel technology was a 2.9 kW increase in

In September 1988 all models of the had their standard equipment It now included the anti-lock braking ABS and a heated nearside exterior On this occasion the windscreen system adopted from the was fitted with a heated reservoir and heated nozzles and

1989: The Diesel ’89

As part of the Diesel ’89 in February 1989 the non-turbocharged cars also were with revised engines and got the new oblique injection prechambers. In the aspirated engines, too, the new technology resulted in an increase in 2.2 kW in the 200 TD and 2.9 kW in the 250 TD and 300 TD. In addition, the injection pumps of all aspirated diesel engines got an correction unit to minimise in operation at higher altitudes. The models, whose particulate declined by 40 percent, met the stringent limits applicable in the USA even a particulate trap and operated entirely smoke-free.

Pollutant were reduced still with the aid of a complex emission system in which an oxidising converter specifically developed for engines was combined with a coordinated exhaust gas recirculation This very efficient was available as an optional extra October 1990 for diesel with naturally aspirated and six months later also for the with turbocharged engines.

Facelift for the intermediate class

In 1989 at the Frankfurt International Show Mercedes-Benz showed a revised intermediate-class model The model refinements focussed on to the styling of the body and the redesign of the The most conspicuous feature of the models was the side rub strips integral side skirts, the Coupé models had received in form two-and-a-half years At the upper edges of the side narrow polished stainless trim strips additionally now fitted and continued along the of the front and rear aprons.

In a form they brought that often missed of sparkling chrome after a period of abstinence. They complemented with chrome elements on the door handles and wheel embellishers in which the star and a narrow trim on the circumference also were Another new feature were mirror housings painted the of the car.

The interior also presented in a new design offering improved and rear seats and numerous to details.

For all series 124 models the exception of the 4MATIC variants, September on the Sportline package from the Compact Class also was available as an optional External features were the suspension with wide-base size 205/60 R 15 on 7 J x 15 light-alloy or rims and a distinctly lower-slung The other appointments of the package stiffer springs and shock along with modified appointments with a leather-covered wheel and gearshift lever as as individual front and rear

Four-valve-per-cylinder technology in series 124

The series 124 model range five entirely new models as including the 300 TE-24 with a three-litre six-cylinder engine and intake camshaft. The unit from the 300 SL-24 sports Owing to the different installation however, in the intermediate series it was not to use the same catalytic converter as in the SL.


For this reason the rated of 162 kW was 8.1 kW lower than in the sports car kW).

In June 1992 the vehicle of the 124 series rolled off the line. Just a few weeks the intermediate class again got a facelift. This time concentrated on the engine and appointments. The models presented themselves a thoroughly revised engine completely converted to four-valve-per-cylinder and, in the 2.2-litre unit, to overhead camshafts with a intake camshaft.

The four-cylinder with two and 2.2 litres displacement in the 200 TE kW) and 220 TE (110 kW) were from the M 111 The new engines were distinguished by output and higher torque the entire engine speed all the same, they had lower consumption. Due to an increase in the volume of the converter the pollutant emissions were reduced.

As successors to the six-cylinder unit and the three-litre unit, four-valve-per-cylinder engines displacements of 2.8 and 3.2 litres now powered the 280 TE kW) and 320 TE (162 kW). These like the old three-litre four-valve belong to the M 104 series, but have a bore-to-stroke ratio. All four- and now had the same bore.

This flexible, economical manufacture. The new engine surpassed the proven engines of the M 103 model family in and torque without consuming fuel. In the 3.2-litre variant, was already providing good in the S-Class, the rated output was the as that of the old three-litre four-valve but it was reached at an earlier point. the obvious advantages of the new power the three-litre engine remained in the for the time being to power the models and the Cabriolet .

Apart from the new petrol range, the model refinements distinctly upgraded standard for all models of the intermediate class. central locking and electrically exterior mirrors on both were part of the standard from October 1992 on. In the four-cylinder models, too, equipped with a five-speed at no extra charge.

1993: diesel

As world first, in the four-valve-per-cylinder technology found its way the diesel models as well. The new guarantees not only enhanced and power over a substantially engine speed range, but cuts full-load fuel by as much as eight percent. On top of the optimised combustion process particulate emissions in the exhaust gas by 30 percent. Mercedes-Benz only the five- and six-cylinder naturally engines to the four-valve system, the four-cylinder and the two turbocharged engines the two-valve-per-cylinder configuration. Fresh-air in the four-valve diesel models was by means of five louvres on the front wing, as was already the in the turbocharged variants.

To further environmental compatibility, from 1993 on all diesel models of the 124 were fitted as standard exhaust gas recirculation and oxidising converter.

As part of the model finer points of the 2.8-litre engine of the 280 TE once again changed. But this time it was not a question of new technology. Instead the output was reduced by three kW to 142 kW to the model a better third-party classification in Germany.


From June 1993 on the designers revised the bodies of all 124 models, updating them and adapting them to the other series. The most striking of the modified vehicles was the radiator which was redesigned after the This so-called integrated features a much narrower surround compared with the design, and the Mercedes star sat on the as in the S-Class Saloons.

The light also were changed: glass covers on the front indicators and bichromatic covers on the lights.

Changes also made to the shape of the boot to the wheels and to the bumpers. Among things, the steel disc got new hub caps in a six-hole design, and the mouldings on the bumpers now were the colour of the other detachable In addition, the protective strip on the bumper was extended to the wheel

From the intermediate class to the

With the start of the sale of the models, in June 1993 a new came into effect for the 124 In analogy to the S-Class and the new C-Class the class now was called the E-Class. The designations, too, now followed a system in which letters that a car belonged to a certain

The letter(s) were followed by a number which still was on engine displacement. The formerly E as suffix indicating a petrol with fuel injection have caused confusion, but abbreviation could be dropped there were no more engines in the range. For the future, dispensed with codifying variants like the coupé and which were obvious

In the case of the diesel-engined models, a Diesel or Turbodiesel replaced the letter symbols. Applying the new the Estate model 300 TD, for example, got the E 300 Diesel. However, the DIESEL on the right of the boot lid could be on request, as could model in general.

An aura of greater was spread by the new Estate model E 36 which the corporate tuners with the M 104 3.6-litre six-cylinder and likewise came out on the market in Its output was 200 kW at 5750 rpm.

leave of the first E-Class

In 1995, two years after the extensive facelift, Mercedes-Benz the E-Class Saloons of series the successor to the 124 series. Production of the 124 Saloons ended a short later, between June and 1995 depending on model. The continued to be built until

All in all, in the eleven-year-plus production 340,503 Estates and 6398 for special bodies were for a total of 346,901 vehicles not much compared with the Saloons, but enough to give the variant of the mid-range Mercedes-Benz a place in the automotive world.

E-Class Estate model gallery


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