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Flagship S-CLASS

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The Mercedes-Benz W140 is a of flagship vehicles that manufactured by the German automotive Mercedes-Benz. In December 1990, unveiled the W140 S-Class via release, later appearing in February and March editions of The W140 made its public at the Geneva Motor Show in 1991, with the first rolling off the production line in 1991 and North American on August 6, 1991. Short and long (SEL) wheelbase were offered initially, as as the coupé (SEC) body from October 1992.

all Mercedes-Benz lines, the W140 was rationalized in late 1993 the new letter-first nomenclature. The SE, SEL, and SEC were renamed the S-Class, alphanumerical designations inverted. For the 500 SE became the S 500, and the 500 SEL became the S 500 L. In the coupé models following a update were separated the CL-Class.

The W140 series was superseded by the W220 S-Class and C215 CL-Class coupe in after an eight-year production

Mercedes-Benz built 432,732 of the 140 series, comprising 406,710 and 26,022 coupés.

A Brief

As with its predecessor, the W126 the W140 was the first of the next of Mercedes-Benz models to feature the new design theme. The car is infamous for the model in which Diana, of Wales died following a car accident in which she (as with the and the other passengers) was not wearing her belt and the driver was intoxicated. Diana, driver Henri and partner Dodi Al Fayed away as a result of the accident.

Her bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones, who had sitting in the front passenger was the only survivor of the accident.

on the W140 began in 1981, set for an October 1989 production From 1982 to 1986 designs were reviewed, December 9, 1986 when a design was approved. Several were tested onwards early 1987 and the final exterior design was approved in 1987, with domestic patents being filed on 23, 1988 and U.S. patents 6 later on August 23.[5] The was said by lead designer Sacco to be influenced by Jaguar’s sedan and BMW’s E32 7-Series. production started, the exterior of the W140 was revised in the form of the on all W140s being recessed as to a planned exclusive grille on the top a feature which later to the rest of the range.

In 1987, an delay was made from to 1991 to accommodate a V12 engine and a braking system. This in the final development prototypes completed in June 1990. production models were from June 1990 to 1991.

The W140 introduced such as double-pane window power-assisted closing for doors and lid, electric windows lowered back down encountering an obstruction, rear-parking which rose from the wings (discontinued on later and replaced with sonar-assisted and a heating system which, if continued to emit warm air the engine was turned off. For like this, the W140 is known as the last Mercedes to be a Mercedes trait that was the company in product delays and According to Motor Trend, action reportedly caused cost overruns and resulted in the of Wolfgang Peter, Daimler-Benz’s engineer.

The vehicle is believed to have Mercedes-Benz over $1 billion to For the consumer, the W140 cost a 25 percent more than its the W126.

The W140 was to feature as an option, but it was dropped shortly launch because Mercedes was perfecting the technology at the time. chose to launch air-suspension in the generation S-Class in 1999. The instead used a hydropneumatic suspension, first introduced on the 450 SEL 6.9 (introduced in 1975) to be used on the S 500 and S 600

Following the mid-year facelift in Mercedes-Benz made Electronic Control an optional fixture to sedan and coupé body in the W140 range. Both the and coupé body styles equipped with Acceleration Regulation (ASR) as a standard

Like its predecessor, the car was available in two lengths (short W140 and V140) along with the coupé. In 1991, a new M120 6 402 horsepower V12 engine joined the for the first time with the 600 SEL and 600 A V12 badge was affixed to the C-pillar.

In the 402 horsepower (408 hp Europe) V12 was slightly detuned to 389 horsepower to with tighter emission regulations in the United States and The V8 models were tuned from 322 horsepower to 315 horsepower. de-tuning, among other involved the deletion of the full-throttle circuit, which reduced by 7 horsepower.

The W140 600 SEL was available with rear ash tray covers, shift knob, leather and a suede headliner, unlike the V8 and 6-cylinder models. Following the in 1994, the S600 was updated a wood/leather steering wheel, a V12 on the wood/leather shifter, double stitching all over the interior and two nappa leather seating further distinctions from its rung siblings.

In June as part of the new corporate naming the model range was renamed. resulted in all SE and SEL models now being as S, being followed by the numbering. In 1991, following the new Mercedes-Benz of mid-life facelifts (starting the W123 in 1979), after launch, work begun on to the W140. By 1992 final changes were approved and patented(application) on February 27, 1993, 5 years after the original design patent application in In March 1994, the updated were unveiled at the Geneva Salon and went on sale in 1994 in mainland Europe and in markets during the second of the year. The clear turn indicator lenses on the front and new were the most obvious as was the grille including a new and distinctive one for S

Headlamps were fitted separate low H7, H1 fog, and high H1 reflectors in 1994, pre-1995 used an H4 bulb and H3 for the fog lamp. In 1995, Parktronic replaced the guiders on the rear boot In 1995, the two tone exterior was made to be monotone, xenon were added and the rear lenses became clear.

The changes were later in June 1996 as 1996.5 in Europe and 1997 models in the States.

Height of the W140 models varied between (1992-94 W140 Sedan: in; 1992-94 V140 Sedan: in; 1995-96 W140 Sedan: in; 1997-99 V140 Sedan: in; C140 Coupe: 56.7 in; W140 Sedan: 58.5

The W140 S-Class introduced safety innovations which since become commonplace many vehicles.

Braking The V8 and V12 W140 models distributed braking power to the rear increasing stopping effectiveness. In the W140 received Brake which engaged during maneuvers to boost braking to maximum.

Electronic Stability (ESP) was introduced in 1996. ESP on-board computers to improve handling response during driving conditions. This was a developed system, which has been licensed to other

Side airbags and seat sensors were introduced in

Comfort and Convenience

Some for the W140 included:

Double-paned glass was a new S-Class innovation fitted on the W140. This of window glazing allowed for soundproofing, reduced condensation, and insulation benefits.

Electrically-operated mirrors could be folded at the of a switch to ease driving in spaces.

‘Parameter steering’ was a which made low-speed easier by reducing the effort to maneuver in speed-sensitive situations as parking.

Rear-parking markers, or rods. These rods from the rear corners of the lid when in reverse, providing the with a guideline for rear In 1995, this system was by the sonar-based Parktronic system measured the distance of the bumpers to obstacles.

12-way powered, heated seats, with 3 setting functions and lumbar support.


wipers w/heated washer Later models also Rain-sensing windshield wipers.

automatic-dimming inside rear-view that tied into the and steering wheel memory.

exterior mirrors. Later also included auto driver’s side mirror.

seats were an expensive from the factory but consisted of different air cushions in the seat the user can inflate and deflate to the perfect driving position.

climate control. Four-zone control on LWB models.

Reclining and rear seats on LWB models. V12 also have the four seating option allowing adjustable rear seats, support and rear sunshade The center seat has been by a burlwood center console, a 2 + 2 seating format.

The climate system could be set to operate for 20 after the engine had been off.

Electric Rear

Rear passenger illuminated mirrors.

Self-Closing Doors and

Drivetrain Technologies

The W140 a newly-developed double wishbone axle and a multi-link independent suspension.

ADS (Adaptive Damping standard on V12 models and optional for V8 that adjust the damping of the shock absorbers to help the car during high speed aggressive driving, or if the driver control of the vehicle.

S600 Performance

The flagship of the W140 lineup, the S600 until 1993) LWB saloon set new of performance, the likes of which had been achieved with a heavy robust car up to that The 6.0 V12 engine was capable of accelerating the 2 18 foot saloon to 100 km/h in as as 5.5 seconds and with a top speed of 179 mph the limiter removed. Mid to high acceleration is immense and closely the first generation S63 AMG model in regard.

Even today the is still popularly used as an performance option to the newer, expensive AMG models. There available, a limited number of the model with an AMG aftermarket upgrade,increasing the power output to 445PS with 623NM of thanks to slightly more camshafts,pistons and connecting rods and a remap of the original ECU.

content publication, references and for the above: wikipedia

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