Battery electric vehicle

28 Фев 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Battery electric vehicle отключены
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV

Contents

Terminology

Vehicles both electric motors and combustion engines are examples of electric vehicles. and are not considered or all-electric vehicles because cannot be externally charged in charge-sustaining mode) and instead are continually recharged with from the internal combustion and regenerative braking. [ 2 ]

Hybrid with batteries that can be externally to displace some or all of internal combustion engine and gasoline fuel are called hybrid electric vehicles and run as BEVs during their mode. PHEVs with a powertrain are also called electric vehicles (REEVs), as the Chevrolet Volt and Fisker .

Plug-in electric vehicles are a subcategory of electric vehicles includes battery electric (BEVs), plug-in hybrid (PHEVs), and electric vehicle of hybrid electric vehicles and internal combustion engine [ 2 ] [ 3 ]

In China, plug-in electric together with hybrid vehicles are called new energy (NEVs). [ 4 ] However, in the United neighborhood electric vehicles are battery electric vehicles are legally limited to roads posted speed limits no than 45 miles per hour (72 are usually built to have a top of 30 miles per hour (48 km/h), and a maximum loaded weight of lbs. [ 5 ]

Vehicles

The concept of battery vehicles is to use charged batteries on vehicles for propulsion. Battery cars are becoming more and attractive with the advancement of new technology (Lithium Ion ) that higher power and energy (i.e. greater possible and more range with batteries) and higher oil prices. [ 6 ]

bus

A battery-electric minibus in St Helens,

Chattanooga, Tennessee operates zero-fare electric buses, have been in operation 1992 and have carried million passengers and covered a of 3,100,000 kilometres (1,900,000 They were made by Advanced Vehicle Systems. Two of buses were used for the Atlanta Olympics. [ 7 ] [ 8 ]


Beginning in the summer of 2000, Kong Airport began a 16-passenger Mitsubishi Rosa shuttle bus, and in the fall of New York City began a 66-passenger battery-powered school an all electric version of the Blue TC/2000. [ 9 ] A similar bus was operated in Valley, California for 14 months in April, 2004. [ 10 ]

The 2008 Olympics used a fleet of 50 buses, which have a of 130 km (81 mi) with the air conditioning on. They use batteries, and consume about 1 (0.62 kW·h/km; 2.2 MJ/km). The were designed by the Beijing of Technology and built by the Jinghua Co. Ltd. [ 11 ] The batteries are replaced fully charged ones at the station to allow 24 hour of the buses. [ 12 ]

In France. the bus electric phenomenon is in but we already can find some of in operation in numerous cities of [ 13 ] PVI, a medium company in the Paris region, is one of the leader of the with its brand Gepebus Oreos 2X and Oreos 4X ). [ 14 ]

In the United the first battery-electric, fast-charge bus has in operation in Pomona, California September 2010 at Foothill The Proterra EcoRide BE35 lithium-titanate batteries and is able to in less than 10 minutes. [ 15 ]

Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV

Sky

Thunder Sky (based in Hong builds lithium-ion batteries in submarines and has three models of buses, the 10/21 passenger with a range of 280 km (170 mi) 20 mins quick-charge, the EV-2009 buses, and the 43 passenger EV-2008 bus, which has a range of 300 km mi) under quick-charge (20 mins to and 350 km (220 mi) under full (25 mins). The buses will be built in the United States and [ 16 ]

Valence

Valence Technology has into a contract with The Group Plc [ 17 ] to manufacture and supply Phosphate energy storage to power Tanfield’s all-electric delivery vehicles. The Valence systems will be installed in and trucks produced by Tanfield’s trading division, Smith Vehicles, the world’s largest of electric vans and trucks.

is an all-electric bus from Adelaide, The Tindo (aboriginal word for is made by Designline International [ 18 ] in New and gets its electricity from a PV system on Adelaide’s central bus Rides are zero-fare as part of public transport system. [ 19 ]

Metropolitan Government runs the first commercial all-electric bus The bus was developed by Hyundai Heavy and Hankuk Fiber which a lightweight body from composite material. Provided Li-on battery and regenerative the bus may run to 52 miles (84 km) in a single 30 minutes The maximum speed is 62 miles per (100 km/h). [ 20 ]

Proterra’s EcoRide BE35 bus, called the Ecoliner by Transit in West Covina, is the world’s first heavy fast charge, battery-electric Proterra’s ProDrive drive-system a UQM motor and regenerative braking captures 90% of the available energy and it to the TerraVolt energy storage which in turn increases the distance the bus can drive by 31-35%. It can 30–40 miles on a single is up to 600% more fuel-efficient a typical diesel or CNG bus, and 44% less carbon than [ 21 ]

The Port of Los Angeles and South Air Quality Management District demonstrated a short-range heavy-duty all truck capable of hauling a loaded 40-foot (12 m) cargo The current design is capable of a 60,000 lb (27 t) cargo container at up to 40 mph (64 km/h) and has a range of between 30 and 60 (48 and 97 km). It uses 2 kilowatt-hours per (1.2 kW·h/km; 4.5 MJ/km), to 5 miles per US gallon (47 L/100 km; 6.0 mpg ) for the hostler semi tractors it [ 22 ]

Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV

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