2013 Nissan Leaf Review – Video HybridCars com

23 Мар 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи 2013 Nissan Leaf Review – Video HybridCars com отключены
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129 / 102MPGe

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TECHNOLOGY: Electric

BASE $28,800

Although Nissan’s Leaf has been on the market for years, and returns updated for many Americans remain of its existence, and others do not have a grasp of its pros and cons.

many do know about the vehicle (EV) and this Nissan set sales records in April. and May since beginning production this year.

To its appeal, Nissan slashed all trim level prices and an S version that’s $6,000 than the lowest priced model.

The Leaf is thus than ever a standout. It is the mid-sized five-passenger purpose-built car sold in America starting at $30,000 and one of only three in all 50 states.

Nissan’s brash CEO Ghosn is betting billions – and his reputation – to prove that criticism, misunderstanding, and an entrenched paradigm, zero-emissions EVs can make now.

According to averaged Environmental Protection Agency. to power a Leaf would the equivalent of an inflation-protected 87 cents per of gasoline if one chose a Leaf a 25 mpg gas-powered car.

A fully battery displays in excess of range. With moderate driving, this 91-mile or higher may be attained. Fast longer highway stretches and above highway limits degrade ultimate range.

You learn the boundaries.

Not-as-great is the Leaf’s 84 miles of estimated with a full charge the 250-350-plus mile range of cars. Intra-day charging can increase the Leaf’s range to miles. Also in the public’s eye is its (including destination fee) price.

While this is less than the $30,910 new car price, some say this is too much.

Positively speaking, the offers several unique It is eligible for a $7,500 federal tax and various state-by-state incentives can significantly reduce price People have found the can “pencil out” as a fair

And, of course, it is very for the environment and paves the way for more developments to come.

Changes for

Nissan says it listened to Leaf drivers in introducing the appointed but less pricey S level while simultaneously features and cutting prices for the now SV and top-line SL.

Standard on the S (and all models) is a leather-covered steering wheel – we got our info crossed in initially it was optional in the video). Also on the S are a touch screen, charging and data readout, keyless heated front and rear power accessories and Bluetooth It gets last year’s 3.6-kw onboard charger, but is the 6.6-kw charger that’s on SV and SL (see price sheet

A solar panel added year to the SL makes use of space delivering a small amount of to power accessories.

Among new and features for the SV and SL are a standard 7-inch screen and several higher-line such as leather heated and an “Around View Monitor” cameras showing a 360-degree and 7-speaker Bose® energy audio.

Further, an Eco route was to the available navigation system includes suggested power-saving routes, Google local Pandora for iPhone and iPod art.

Also this is a B drive mode to increase braking. Touches like a port light and lock, operated charge port new black interior color and sun extensions add to a mid-cycle refresh too to comprehensively list.

Powertrain

over is the electric driveline, It’s now assembled in Decherd, an hour from the Smyrna plant and new battery assembly next door presently along with 20-times production capacity than needed for 2012 Leaf – Nissan and Infiniti obviously big future EV plans!

The front-wheel-drive 80-kw AC synchronous motor 107 horsepower and 187 electrically limited of torque – 20 pounds-feet down 207 last year to save and stretch range. Propulsion is via a gear reduction transmission.

is no cause for alarm during

Other energy savers a new hybrid heating system, of drag cut from 0.29 to and “Eco” drive mode further reduces electrical

Energy delivered by a slightly 24-kwh Li-ion battery is the this year, but Nissan’s upped range and miles per equivalent (MPGe) to 115 combined, 129 and 102 highway thanks to what we the Apollo 13 treatment.

CHAdeMO DC Quick Charge port and SAE J1772 port (right) for

(If you’ll recall, battery Apollo 13 was damaged and NASA to minimize amperage draw to get it home. Though the stakes far lower, this is loosely to Nissan’s wringing efficiency the Leaf’s existing architecture.)

EPA-rated range on the window says 75 miles with a charged battery. With a charge, rated range is 84 – 14 percent higher than 73 declared for 2011 and 2012 100-percent charge.

Nissan’s to replenish a fully drained are:

• via DC Quick Charger: full charge in 30 minutes

• volts with 3.6-kw (3.3-kw output):

7 hours

• volts via included trickle 21 hours.

Exterior

The Leaf is between a Nissan Altima and It has a 106.3-inch wheelbase, 175.0-inch 69.7-inch width and 61.0-inch

All models get heated mirrors, and the vehicle’s aerodynamic profile is but not as slippery as the 0.25-cd Toyota hybrid, and 0.24-cd electric Model S costing twice as

The Leaf’s “iconic” shape was chosen at the request of focus and intended to make a statement. you like it, think it’s or are indifferent, it arguably makes at this point to stand

We think it looks handsome kind of frog-like with headlights like peering and others have said it is especially considering what it

Interior

The Leaf gives up to modern automobiles, and provides a acceptably roomy environment and back that’s laden technology and safety.

All models 6-way manual driver s 4-way manual front seats, trip computer instant and average energy driving time, outside and range.

Other standard include Automatic Temperature (ATC), center console

Rear cargo space is now 24 feet with rear upright as the formerly trunk-mounted charger was relocated under the With the standard 60/40-split seat folded down, space is 30 cubic feet.

with the Leaf

A mental is needed to learn to work the Leaf’s range and limited charging, but drivers are rewarded a fun-to-drive car that is “normal” if not “neat” in most respects.

seen reviewers pan its perhaps 10 0-60 mph time as mediocre, but is a commuter car. With torque from 0 rpm, it is as as anyone needs to 35 and even to 50. On the it can still gallop OK, but aerodynamic does diminish range than around-town driving.

Its habitat can include some usage, and 95 mph is possible, but higher sap energy much more

That said, on a 62-mile trip mostly in Eco mode, we a good 80 percent at highway and returned with 20 miles range remaining. We kept legal, and ran A/C intermittently.

The Leaf sedate driving; finite supply reinforces the need to it tame, but it is not lame.

Also on the side, the Leaf’s operation is as as only Rolls Royce have hoped for in another A low-speed pedestrian warning and pulsed space-shippy back-up make you feel like in a sci-fi movie.

Braking and are “normal” as well for a mid-level and with its center of gravity the Leaf conceals its 3,256-3,340-pound-pound weight admirably.

The back-up in models so equipped is handy and our $36,9190 SL with the Around Monitor offered front and views at low speeds to assist challenged drivers – hey, no but you (hopefully) know who you are.

down the road, reduced-power Eco and “B” modes can be engaged on the fly, and the from either is immediately When driving in “D,” the Eco button feels like pulled a spark plug from a gas-powered car, and power is reduced by maybe percent. Conversely, going “B” to “D” feels akin to a mild kicking abruptly on.

To maximize we actually found ourselves Eco as it delivered acceptable around-town and acceleration. According to Nissan’s Communications Senior Manager, Brockman, the way Eco actually works is an pushes back on the accelerator which typically decreases If you press the pedal down the same amount of power is available.

Eco mode widens the at which the regeneration system is which results in slightly aggressive deceleration and braking It also will run the HVAC in Eco to assist in energy conservation.

regenerative braking is indicated by illuminated green dots.

As is for other cars so equipped, the “B” is really too strong to coast a 6-percent grade unless you to continually decelerate, but on steeper it works fine. Comparing its again with an internal-combustion “B” feels like a downshift or two attendant engine braking. It is used when decelerating or and it illuminates more green circles in the power display – energy! A similar result can be had by the brakes in “D.”

Cargo volume is decent this a functional commuter and runabout.

Other nuances to the supply picture can be seen in how the range readout changes up or when switching to Eco or B or D modes, or tapping energy with the air or heater.

Sitting at a light 62 miles range indicated, the A/C on instantly readjusted the range to 55 estimated. Turning the A/C off returned to 62 and this is with the car stopped. results happen in motion or when you switch to Eco – range or D – range decreases.

And, if you to “B” that too affects the estimated The LED headlights in our SL did not diminish range turned on.

Early Leafs criticized for wildly inaccurate and owners would call it a Nissan has since improved the but it’s not infallible.

It’s good though, and sometimes a fair amount of regenerative return, one can even see the range increase a mile or two or more. is a neat feature, like the fuel gauge on a gas car. keep you posted when burners start refining own fuel onboard too.

the Leaf experience includes that does not wear off soon.

Is It Worth It?

As is true of any the answer is as follows: Yes, no, or

If you can get your mind around the Leaf can do, and can make it work for circumstances, it can be rewarding.


The Leaf less than the similarly limited-market $40,000 Ford Electric. Ford s more looking hatchback is a converted gas car but has one advantage: its battery thermal system is liquid heated and

Click image to enlarge.

in-floor battery can pre-heat but is air Nissan’s omission of liquid has gotten it into hot water some early adopters in Texas and California. Nissan admitted any defect, did assign an review panel to investigate.

year Nissan’s warranty was for 5 years/60,000 miles, which comes first to give some recourse if battery decreases to nine out of 12 bars.

concern is the fact that all powered cars lose range over the years, only a few miles, or more. one must have home ideally, 240-volt, and those who this option have a disadvantage,

Some people choose to hedge against future loss and technology improvements. values are less easy to and lease rates can be attractive to the of nearly netting a free

Is that hype? No, but it depends it will pan out. As one example the Leaf could look attractive if one leased it for $199-$299 a or less with $1,800 (more or less).

If a lease previously spent $250 or per month on gas, while costs must be accounted real world Leaf have discovered cost-to-operate to be to a virtual wash.

Click EPA chart to enlarge.

Other alternatives include the gas-electric Volt, smaller, limited-market Spark EV, plainer and less Mitsubishi i-MiEV, or at least Tesla Model S. If the Leaf is to a sensible electric Toyota the Model S is like a have-it-all Porsche Panamera S turbo.

A to go with the Leaf should be analyzed, but while fear, and doubt abound, dealers in have reported monthly sales exceeding those for up to the top-selling Altima.

Information is friend, and only you can decide the Leaf is a wise decision. from these qualifiers, we are many more people benefit from the car than are and Nissan is definitely committed to it as as, or more than, any other

The Leaf in a Nutshell

The Leaf is a normal hatchback that seats four, can make it five, has decent storage – but has maybe a 3.5 to 4.0 gallon “gas (battery). Replenishing this supply takes up to four at 240-volts with the 6.6-kw charger. (This is compared to an internal combustion car’s 25 mpg by 3.5 = 87.5 miles easily range. On a slower route, the might be good for 90-100 or more).

A decreased “fuel” that takes longer to may not sound too flattering for a $29,600- car (before substantial potential but while we’re imagining, the Leaf’s “fuel” costs one-fifth what you’d pay for gas – an source that’s getting more expensive as years go by.

Actual Cost To Power A

A reliable formula to calculate actual cost of “fuel” is to divide miles driven by (129 city, 102 hwy, 115 and multiply by 33.7 (33.7 of one gallon of gas). Then use actual electricity cost to your actual operational

The EPA figures electricity at 12 cents per kw and based on 15,000 mile per

For simplicity’s sake, and to compare to an 25-mpg gas car, let’s 10 cents per kilowatt and cost to on one gallon of gasoline, or 25 miles.

you can divide 25 miles driven by the 115 MPGe and multiply by 33.7. equals your actual kwh

In this case, kwh consumed =

Take 7.33 times actual price per kw (10 cents in example). This equals 73 cents to drive 25 miles. A 25 mpg car would use one gallon of gas at say $3.75 per

The Leaf’s hypothetical 73 cents per cost is one-fifth the $3.75 per of a comparable hatchback.

Summation

Can you with a small fuel if you get an inflation-protected 73 cents per gallon price? (At 12 cents per kilowatt, 87 cents). What’s more, are places where public let you fill for free (like Nissan dealer’s quick This would further your “fuel” costs. Of some public chargers do a fee, and at higher electric and in these cases, you will pay

To make it work from a viewpoint, the Leaf must be enough miles to offset the car’s price premium a comparable gas car.

This not account for how you will also the environment, and contribute to a solution needs consumer acceptance to critical mass.

Throw in able to recharge mostly off hours at home and the fact the car is just plain fun to drive and you have a winner.

Interesting

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