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RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)

Plug-in electric vehicles in the

Registration of highway-capable plug-in vehicles in the Netherlands by year 2010 and 2013. [ 1 ]

The fleet of electric vehicles in the Netherlands is the largest per capita in the world Norway. During 2013, the reached a market penetration for plug-in electric vehicles of 1.71 vehicles per 1,000 over three times than the world’s two largest electric vehicle markets, the States and Japan. [ 2 ] The Dutch electric drive segment’s share surged almost ten from 2012 to 5.34% new car in the country during that [ 3 ] achieving the world’s second in 2013 after Norway [ 2 ] The Netherlands is the second country, Norway, where plug-in cars have topped the ranking of new car sales. The Mitsubishi P-HEV was the top selling new car twice in first in November and again in [ 4 ] [ 5 ]

As of December 2013 [update]. a of 29,342 highway-capable plug-in vehicles have been in the Netherlands, consisting of 24,512 or plug-in hybrids, 4,161 electric cars, and 669 are electric vans. When buses, motorcycles, quadricycles and tricycles are for, the Dutch plug-in fleet climbs to 30,211 [ 1 ] The country’s electric vehicle reaches 53,254 units mopeds (3,130), electric (19,772), and microcars (141) are for. [ 1 ]

As of December 2012 the Netherlands was the country with the ratio of slow charging to electric vehicles (EVSE/EV), a ratio of more than while the U.S had a slow EVSE/EV of 0.20. The Netherlands’ mix of slow and chargers has allowed it to become the with the highest number of point per capita in the world. [ 6 ] As of 2013 [update]. there 3,521 slow charging available 24/7 to the public, slow charging point limited public access, and 106 and semi-public fast charging [ 1 ]

As part of its commitment to environmental the Dutch government initiated a to establish over 200 recharging for electric vehicles across the by 2015. The rollout will be by Switzerland-based power and automation ABB and Dutch startup Fastned, and aim to provide at least one station 50 km (31 mi) for the country’s 16 million residents. [ 7 ]

Government incentives [ edit ]

also have access to spaces in Amsterdam reserved for electric vehicles. so they the current wait for a parking in Amsterdam, which can reach up to 10 in some parts of the city. [ 14 ] charging is also offered in parking spaces. [ 15 ] Other contributing to the rapid adoption of electric vehicles are the relative size of the country, which range anxiety (the stretches about 100 mi (160 km) to west); a long tradition of activism; high gasoline ( US$8.50 per gallon as of January which make the cost of a car on electricity five times and also some EV leasing provide free or discounted vehicles for those who want to a vacation driving long With all of these incentives and tax plug-in electric cars similar driving costs conventional cars. [ 15 ]

Initially, sales of plug-in car were lower than and during 2012 the segment a market share of less 1% of new car sales in the country. [ 15 ] As a result of the end of the exemption of the registration fee, the sales peaked at the end of 2013, [ 16 ] and electric car sales reached a share of 5.34% of new car sales in [ 3 ]

EV car sharing

On November 24, 2011, became the fifth city in the with a Car2Go carsharing and the first in Europe with an fleet. A fleet of 300 Smart drives is available on-demand. As of 2012 [update]. these vehicles and other electric in Amsterdam had access to more 320 charging stations in the city The number is expected to increase up to 1,000 by end of 2012. [ 17 ]

Charging [ edit ]

The number of charging increased from 400 units in to 1,841 in 2011. [ 18 ] As of December [update]. there were slow charging points 24/7 to the public, up from in December 2012; 2,249 charging point with public access, up from 829 in 2012; and 106 public and semi-public charging points, up from 63 in 2012. [ 1 ] As of December 2012 the Netherlands was the country with the ratio of slow charging to electric vehicles (EVSE/EV), a ratio of more than while the U.S had a slow EVSE/EV of 0.20. The Netherlands’ mix of slow and chargers has allowed it to become the with the highest number of point per capita in the world. [ 6 ]

Sales [ edit ]

The number of electric cars increased 68 in 2009, [ 19 ] through 395 in 2010 to in 2011. [ 18 ] Registrations reached plug-in electric-drive passenger through December 2012, of 4,348 were range or plug-in hybrids. When utility vans, trucks, and other types of electric are accounted for, 7,410 electric vehicles were through December 2012. [ 20 ] during 2013 rose to plug-in passenger cars, of 24,512 plug-in hybrids and all-electric cars. [ 1 ] Accounting for 669 utility vans, the highway-capable plug-in stock reaches units as of December 2013 When buses, trucks, quadricycles and tricycles are accounted the Dutch plug-in electric-drive climbs to 30,211 units. [ 1 ] The electric vehicle stock 53,254 units when (3,130), electric bicycles and microcars (141) are accounted [ 1 ]

Registrations of plug-in electric car a 0.57% share of total new car in the country during 2011 and ahead of other European with a larger car market, as Germany, France, and the U.K. [ 21 ] 2013 plug-in electric car registrations totaled 22,415 climbing 338% from the highest rate of growth of any in the world in 2013. [ 2 ] [ 1 ] The segment’s share surged almost ten from 2012 to 5.34% new car in the country during that [ 3 ] the world’s second highest in after Norway (5.6%). [ 2 ]

RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)

A total of 5,093 plug-in cars were registered in the during 2012. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] Sales of extending and plug-in hybrids in the represented 8% of global sales of in 2012. [ 6 ] Sales of plug-in cars took the lead all-electric cars during The Opel Ampera was the best plug-in electric car in 2012 2,696 units sold, and the Plug-in Hybrid ranked with 1,184 units, by the Chevrolet Volt with 306 sold during the year. 140 Fisker Karmas sold 2012, the plug-in hybrid led the Dutch EV market with units sold during representing 84.9% of all plug-in car sales in the country that [ 23 ] [ 24 ] The Nissan Leaf was the top selling car in the country in 2012 with 265 sold, and a total of 559 units their introduction in the country by As of December 2012 [update]. the i-MiEV family had sold 468 since their release in including 252 iOns, 137 C-Zeros, and 79 i [ 23 ] [ 24 ]

Launched in the Dutch market in the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV the country’s top selling plug-in vehicle.

The Tesla Model S. in the Dutch market in September became the country’s top selling car.

Again in December the Outlander P-HEV ranked as the top new car in the country with 4,976 delivered, representing a 12.6% share of new car sales that December sales reached a of about 9,300 plug-in vehicles delivered, representing a record market share of of new car sales in the country. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] These sales allowed the Netherlands to the second country, after where plug-in electric have topped the monthly of new car sales. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] The strong increase of car sales during the last of 2013 was due to the end of the total exemption of the fee for corporate cars, which is for 5 years. From January 1, all-electric vehicles pay a 4% registration fee and hybrids a 7% fee. [ 13 ]

The dominance of hybrids in the Netherlands is reflected by the that, accounting for cumulative up to December 2013, four out of the top selling plug-in electric are plug-in hybrids. Dutch PEV registrations through December are led by the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV followed by the Volvo V60 Plug-in (6,283), Opel Ampera units), and Prius PHV (3,891). fifth is the Tesla Model S 1,192 units, which the Chevrolet Volt with units in December 2013, and the country’s top selling all-electric [ 1 ] [ 31 ] As of December 2013 [update]. out of plug-in passenger cars in the Netherlands, plug-in hybrids 85.5% of total plug-in car registrations through 2013. [ 1 ]

2014

After the end of the registration fee sales fell to 404 units in 2014, with the Volvo V60 leading monthly sales 272 units, followed by the Outlander with 82 units. Sales of cars were led by the BMW i3. with 15 delivered. Only 7 units of the S were sold in January. [ 32 ]

by model [ edit ]

The following presents registrations by year for the top plug-in electric cars by since 2009 through 2013.

RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)
RENAULT Kangoo Van Z.E. 22 kWh Li-ion 5dr / Electric (av UK mix)

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