RENAULT 4 CV 1947 1961

21 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи RENAULT 4 CV 1947 1961 отключены
RENAULT Twizy Cargo

RENAULT 4 CV 1947 — 1961

Engines:

RENAULT 4 CV 750 (1947 — 1961)

History

The Renault 4CV, also Cremeschnittchen (also written Crèmeschnittchen) called, was a four-door car, the Renault from 1946 to 1961 built.


The Renault 4CV was secretly developed since 1942 in occupied France, as the Vichy government had banned under pressure from the German occupying power, the development and production of civilian vehicles. Because of the successful preparations have already

The Renault 4CV, also Cremeschnittchen (also written Crèmeschnittchen) called, was a four-door car, the Renault from 1946 to 1961 built.

The Renault 4CV was secretly developed since 1942 in occupied France, as the Vichy government had banned under pressure from the German occupying power, the development and production of civilian vehicles. Because of the successful preparations have already started testing the prototype in November 1945. The vehicle was officially presented in October 1946 at the Paris Motor Show.

The 4CV was like the VW Beetle a rear engine and rear wheel drive, unlike the latter, but no air-cooled boxer, but a water-cooled 4-cylinder in-line engine.

The serial production began in 1947 at the Renault plant Billancourt, near Paris, and ran until 1961. A total of 1.1 million 4CV were built. Due to high demand Renault introduced the licensed production abroad (for example in Spain at FASA), the fabricated parts were assembled in France.

The name is 4CV, Citroen 2CV as in the French tax class CV.

Along with the Citroën 2CV, the Renault 4CV became the French version of the people’s car. Both were simple designs, the motorized masses in France in the 1950s. They even had, in contrast to the Volkswagen four doors.

All were posted on the B-pillar, so he called the front … doors.

In the first series production vehicles from the Renault 4CV still used in the present work desert camouflage Remnants of the German Afrika Korps. Because of this color gives the car the name Motte de Beurre ‘was in the vernacular (butter lumps), nicknamed Cremeschnittchen originally came from the Saarland, where until 1959 a customs union with France was and turned out the car about 3/4 of all approvals. Vehicles from the Federal Republic of Germany should have been cleared.

Also in the Benelux countries coined the 4CV his time mainly the streetscape. Since then, the car was manufactured in 1957 in Valladolid, Spain, he sat through on the Iberian Peninsula. From 1953, the Japanese company Hino built the car under license, where it is used mainly as a right-hand drive cab performed his service. Because of the strong demand for small cars of the 4CV was not exported to the U.S. only happened since 1956 in parallel with the built Renault Dauphine, the American looked much more.

So to speak, in the wake of the Dauphine made it but then another 15,000 4CV in the States, most buyers were formerly stationed in France American soldiers.

The Kattschewo (quatre chevaux; German 4 HP) had from 1948 to standard radial tires (Michelin X). During the period of production, the car was only slightly changed, so there was another 1955 dashboard, the engine power was increased from 17 to 19.5 hp and fitted with a starter solenoid. In 1957, the characteristic star wheel (jantes étoiles) in favor of conventional steel disc wheels were abandoned.

The car now had 21 hp and could be ordered with heating. In 1959 the power of the engine was increased to 26 hp in 1961 received the farewell models crank front windows instead of sliding windows.

In April 1954, half a million were celebrating the end of 1958 the Renault 4CV first to reach the 1 million mark. However, the time went to the sales already down. At the end of the last layer before the vacation in July 1961, the last 4CV rolled off, according to official factory figures were hitherto 1,105,547 cars.

However, the Japanese sister model Hino-Renault 4CV remained in production until 1966. The concept of rear-wheel drive Renault introduced in later models Dauphine and R8/R10, more engine, transmission and steering of the 4CV were still used in 1961 in its front-wheel drive successor to R4.

The 4CV there was a small series with sliding cover, the Decapotable (literally: detachable hood).

Had the French gendarmerie in the major cities for quick intervention (riot squad) is a blue-white-painted special model with 33 hp engine, and much larger rear window. Because the windowless doors were very much cut down, this strange vehicle in the vernacular Panier à Salade (salad basket) was called.

RENAULT Twizy Cargo

A Spartan version presented saving the model Affaires (business) that it had no chrome, seats were covered as sun loungers, and not even a lock with key.

As a model, Commerciale the car had no rear seats and a rear undisguised as cargo space. But because of the rear engine difficult due to the possibilities of feeding it found few buyers. Alternatively, Renault offered under the name Juvaquatre a station wagon / van with front engine on a design from the 1930s, who received the interior and the front-mounted engine of the 4CV in 1954.

The Juvaquatre was built until 1960.

The French coachbuilding company Chapron has some Renault 4 CV to full convertible rebuilt with modern lines and Brissonneau Lotz was from 1955 to 1959, the convertible Brissonneau 4 CV.

Until the mid-1950s, the 4 CV participated in races, there have been numerous modifications as racing versions.

The quasi-sequel to the common 4CV and Juvaquatre was in 1961 with the Renault 4 (R4) a vehicle that was both saloon and estate cars. The car launched at the same time, the era of a front-wheel drive vehicles at Renault. The designers built in an ingeniously simple way the engine and the transmission of the 4CV in the old rear drive assembly forward in R4. The transmission was thus in the direction of engine, the old rear-wheel drive was equipped with constant velocity drive shafts, for front wheel drive.

In this way, the direct-drive concept 4CV survived half a century, from the Urkonstruktion the 4CV 1942 to the end of production of the R4 in 1992.

The Spanish automobile company produced the FASA Renault 4CV under license to market it on the Iberian peninsula as a Renault 4 / 4th Between 1953 and 1959, 26,294 units of the four quarters were produced. Major optical differentiator to the French original, six chrome-trimmed openings that were left of the license plate on the rear. They were used for additional ventilation and were angebracht.1 in two horizontal rows of three trains

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RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo
RENAULT Twizy Cargo

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