Electric cars PassSmart

22 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Electric cars PassSmart отключены
Smart Electric Cars

Electric cars — should I buy one?

With petrol prices and pollution levels rising, electric cars are an attractive option. The government are also offering discounts to anyone wishing to purchase their first electric car, and have allocated £400 million towards building even more charging points around the country, in addition to the £7 million already spent by 139 councils. Whether or not you want to buy an electrical car is up to you, but think about the following considerations:

History of electric cars

Did you that electric cars actually pre-date petrol cars. and they held the vernacular land speed record until 1900? A Hungarian inventor Anyos Jedik is credited with inventing the first electric motor in 1834. Then in 1835, Sibrandus Stratingh, a Dutch professor and his assistant Christopher Becker were the first to produce a small electrical car powered by non-rechargeable batteries.

The design was improved at the beginning of the 20th century, but as people wanted to travel longer distances faster, the petrol car dominated.

Which brands make electric cars?

Tesla is the name which most people associate with electric cars, but lots of big car brands are now making them, including Ford, Nissan and Honda.

Are electric cars safe?

Electric cars are as safe as any other car.

How much do electric cars cost?

According to gocompare.com, electric cars cost less to run than petrol cars, however they are not necessarily cheaper to buy, even with the UK Plug-In Grant. Also at present, there are far fewer second-hand electric cars on the market, with only 4,000 people owning an electric car in the UK.

How long does the battery last?

It s estimated that the average electric car battery lasts around 7 years from new before it falls to 80% of its capacity.  A replacement battery costs £7-10K, with the price depending upon the size of the car.

Benefits of buying electric cars

The UK government does offer some incentives for anyone wishing to purchase an electric car. The UK Plug-In Grant gives customers 25% off the cost of a car (up to £5,000) and electric cars are also exempt from various taxes, including the London congestion charge.

Where can I store my electric car?

It s recommended that electric cars are stored in a garage so that they can be charged overnight. If you want to arrange for an electricity supply to charge your car in the street, you must seek approval from your local council.

How much does it cost to insure an electric car?

Like petrol cars, the amount you pay for electric car insurance will vary depending on your driving history, age, the car itself and so on.

Are electric cars environmentally friendly?

Electric cars actually require even more energy than conventional cars, because they have to transport a very heavy lithium battery as well as passengers and luggage. You can t see or hear it, but you use more energy each time you turn the key.

The electricity powering your battery also comes from the National Grid which is primarily powered by fossil fuels. The National Grid is feeling the pinch of an ever-increasing demand for electricity, so the question arises if electric cars can be accommodated for. It s been suggested that if all U.S. petrol cars were replaced with electric cars, the U.S. would need to double its electricity output in order to keep up with the demand.

How far can electric cars travel?

Electric cars might pre-date petrol cars, but the one thing that gives petrol cars the edge is that they can travel greater distances. Most daily journeys are under 50 miles, which an electric car can handle on a single charge. However, the country isn t yet covered in charging points for electrical cars, so they are not yet recommended for long journeys over 100 miles.

Ethical considerations

The lithium used in the batteries of electric cars is likely to have been mined in Bolivia or China, where workers rights are not respected.

Driving instructor debuts first electric car for learners

A Stoke-on-Trent driving instructor has become the first in the UK to teach in an 100% electric car.

Although Navdeep Singh became the first person to pass the UK driving test in a semi-electric vehicle back in November, no driving instructors have, until now, offered lessons in a car which runs solely on electricity.

Paul Tomlin a driving instructor for ASK driving school took delivery of the dual control, automatic Nissan Leaf, and says it s been a hit with learners ever since.

The electric vehicle market is expected to boom this year, with many switching to eco-friendly cars in order to save on fuel and reduce their carbon footprint. Tomlin, who explains there has been lots of interest from my fellow instructors , hopes that by learning in an electric vehicle, young drivers will be able to prepare themselves for driving in the electric age.

The pupils love the car and the immediate success they have had underlines what an easy car the Leaf is to drive. For me personally I m happy to now avoid petrol stations and I feel happier for the environment by driving a zero emissions vehicle.

Tomlin s confidence in the Nissan Leaf is supported by the fact that his very first pupil to take driving lessons in the electric car has already passed her test, meaning she can now drive any automatic car.

The Leaf, which starts at £23,490, having been recently reduced by £2,500, will dramatically reduce Mr Tomlin s running costs. In fact, he estimates that he ll save around £2,800 a year in fuel costs, and plans to plug-in and charge up between lessons, at lunchtime.

It s hoped that more and more corporate customers, such as driving instructors and delivery companies, will switch to electric vehicles. Going green could not only mean huge savings in fuel costs, but will also, of course, dramatically reduce carbon emissions.

Holdcraft Nissan Hanley dealer principal, David Dillion, said: We re happy to see the LEAF become the first electric driving instructor vehicle and thrilled for the pupils successfully passing in the car. With the pass success Paul has already enjoyed with a 100% electric car, many young learners future first driving experience could well be in a LEAF.

So, what do you think? Will you be switching to an electric car in 2013?

Top 10: Eco-friendly first cars

We all know how important it is to look after the environment, and choosing an eco-friendly car can be one of the best ways to reduce your carbon footprint. If you re a new driver and want to start your driving life as an eco-friendly motorist, we ve created a top 10 guide to some of the very best environmentally-friendly vehicles around.

Fiat 500

Not only does it look great, but the Fiat 500, with its TwinAir engine, has very low fuel consumption, and, in turn, emits an estimated 30% less CO2 emissions than your average car engine. The petrol fueled Fiat 500 may have a small engine, but it s easy to navigate busy streets in. The Fiat 500 POP starts off at just under £10,000 for a brand new one, but with its up to date safety features may make for the perfect first car.

Mitsubishi i-MiEV

This small, friendly looking electric car offers a smooth, quiet ride for the driver. Marketed by Mitsubishi as the perfect car for the urban environment , this eco-friendly vehicle has space for four adults and can fit into the tightest of parking spaces.

Although the i-MiEV, priced at over £20,000, isn t cheap, it s exempt from road tax and London s congestion charge. This car is ideal for anyone driving in the city on a regular basis, and as it s a zero-emission vehicle, you ll have nothing to feel guilty about.

Smart fortwo CDI

The Smart fortwo CDI diesel model comes in a hatchback or convertible version, and boasts exceptionally low CO2 emissions. The Smart car has been a common little car on our roads for some time now, but the diesel CDI version is much more economical. Given that the car only has room for two, it s not ideal for anyone with a family, but it s perfect for new drivers simply looking for a small run-around.

Toyota Aygo

The Aygo is an urban runabout designed by Japanese car makers, Toyota. Despite its powerful three-cylinder engine, this little car scores very highly when it comes to green points, with impressively low CO2 emissions. After its release, it wasn t particularly popular, but if you re looking for a small, reliable and efficient car, the Toyota Aygo could be the vehicle for you.

Honda Jazz Hybrid

The Honda Jazz Hybrid is the cheapest, smallest family Hybrid hatchback. If you re a new driver, and have a family to fit in the back, the Jazz is a great choice. Whilst other large electric or hybrid cars may be intimidating to a new driver, the Jazz couldn t look more friendly.

It doesn t have the most powerful of engines, but will get you from A to B comfortably, quietly and smoothly.

MINI Clubman

The diesel MINI Clubman has everything a new driver could want: style, reputation and easy-handling. On top of all that, as part of BMW, the MINI s engine also boasts impressive fuel efficiency. You ll save on fuel and produce less emissions, giving you the piece of mind whilst you cruise around in your new car.

Volkswagen Polo Bluemotion

As one of the most popular cars on Britain s roads, the Volkswagen Polo offers reliability, space and design quality. With a great safety rating and firm road handling, it may well be the ideal first car. The Bluemotion is the environmentally friendly version of the Polo, and thanks to some aerodynamics changes, produces less emissions than your standard Volkswagen engine.

The Polo Bluemotion qualifies for free road tax, and is deceptively spacious!

Skoda Fabia

Skoda haven t always had the best reputation but in recent years their cars have become increasingly popular. The Fabia, which first hit our roads in 2007, offers a small, sleek and practical vehicle for new drivers. It s not the most exciting of cars to drive, but in terms of reliability, the Fabia scores top marks.Scoring very well on the eco-friendly front, CO2 emissions from this little Skoda are particularly low.

Toyota Yaris Hybrid

A hybrid vehicle is the perfect solution for anyone who needs a car for both short and long distance journeys. The Toyota Yaris hybrid looks great and, as a smaller alternative to the Prius, is popular amongst newly qualified drivers. It s cheaper than many other electric vehicles on the market, and you can get your hands on one for less than £20,000.

Smart fortwo Electric Drive

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