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Tesla Motors, is a Silicon Valley -based that designs, manufactures and electric cars and electric powertrain components. Tesla is a public company that on the NASDAQ stock exchange the symbol TSLA.

Tesla gained widespread attention by the Tesla Roadster. the first electric sports car. [3] Its model is the Model S. a fully luxury sedan. While expensive, it is substantially cheaper the Roadster.

Tesla also electric powertrain components, lithium-ion battery packs, to automakers, including Daimler and [4] Tesla’s CEO. Elon has said he envisions Tesla as an automaker, [5] aimed at eventually producing fully electric at a price affordable to the average

Contents

Overview Edit

Motors is named after engineer and physicist Nikola [6] The Tesla Roadster uses an AC descended directly from original 1882 design. [7]

The Roadster, the company’s first is the first production automobile to use battery cells and the first EV with a range greater 200 miles (320 km) per charge. [8] The model accelerates 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.7 and, according to Tesla environmental analysis, is twice as efficient as the Toyota Prius. [9] 2008 Tesla has sold than 2,250 Roadsters in 31 through March 2012. Tesla began producing Roadsters in early 2010 for the UK and markets, then expanded to right-hand-drive markets of Australia. Hong Kong and Singapore. Tesla sold the Roadster 2012, when its supply of Elise gliders ran out, as its with Lotus Cars for gliders expired at the end of 2011. [13] Tesla stopped orders for the Roadster in the U.S. in August 2011. [14]

unveiled the Tesla Model S sedan on March 26, 2009 an anticipated base price of before any government tax credit or [15] The Model S will three battery pack for a range of up to 265 miles (426 km) per [16] In October 2011, reached its limit of 6,500 for the Model S [17] and retail began June in 2012. The Model S is manufactured at the Tesla in Fremont, California. an assembly formerly operated by NUMMI. a now joint venture of Toyota and Motors. [19] Tesla a stake in the site in May 2010 for million. [20] [21] and the facility in October 2010.

currently employs almost 900 employees [1] and is recruiting employees for in the headquarters in Palo Alto, at its European headquarters in Maidenhead. UK, and at an number of sales facilities North America and Europe.

Corporate strategy Edit

HQ PaloAlto.jpg Current corporate in Palo Alto, California

One of stated goals is to increase the and variety of EVs available to mainstream in three ways; by

selling its own in a growing number of company-owned and online; [23]

selling electric powertrain components to automakers so that they may get own EVs to customers sooner; [24]

serving as a catalyst and positive to other automakers, demonstrating there is pent-up consumer for vehicles that are both and efficient.

General Motors’ Chairman Robert Lutz in 2007 that the Tesla inspired him to push GM to develop the Volt. a plug-in hybrid that aims to reverse of dwindling market share and financial losses for America’s automaker. [26] In an August edition of The New Yorker, Lutz was as saying, All the geniuses here at Motors kept saying technology is 10 years away, and agreed with us — and along comes Tesla. So I ‘How come some little California startup, run by who know nothing about the car can do this, and we can’t?’ That was the that helped break up the log [27] Musk won the 2010 Executive of the Year Innovator for hastening the development of electric throughout the global automotive [28]

The Tesla Roadster has a price of US$109,000. [15] or GB£86,950 (not including tax incentives, credits and waivers). goal is to sell EVs to mainstream at more affordable prices—but purposely aimed its first vehicle at early adopters so the company could optimize the before cascading it down to expensive vehicles. [29] The subsequent car, the Model S began production for the 2012 year with a base of US$57,400 (or US$49,900 [15] after a US federal tax credit), half that of the Roadster. The company then plans to a US$30,000 vehicle, codenamed [32] Tesla also electric powertrain components for affordable cars including the priced car from Daimler, the urban commuter car; the priced car to carry the Mercedes the A-Class hatch back; and the priced SUV from Toyota, the [4]

Aiming premium products at thought leaders is a well business strategy in Silicon and the global technology industry, prices for the first versions of phones, laptop computers and televisions start high but in subsequent product cycles. However, this approach has relatively rare in the global industry, where the prevailing model has been one of mass in assembly plants optimized to hundreds of thousands of vehicles per with comparatively low sticker According to a blog post by New technology in any field takes a few to optimize before reaching the market and in this case it is with 150 years and trillions of spent on gasoline cars.

History and financing Edit

In two independent teams, consisting of Eberhard. Marc Tarpenning and Ian on the one hand, and Musk and JB Straubel on the both sought to commercialize the prototype electric sports car by AC Propulsion.

Since college, Musk’s primary goal was to electric vehicles all the way to mass starting with a premium car aimed at early adopters and moving as rapidly as possible more mainstream vehicles, sedans and affordable compacts.

Tom Gage, the president of AC Propulsion, that the two teams join to maximize the chances of success. agreed to merge their with Musk becoming and overall head of product Eberhard becoming CEO and Straubel CTO.

Musk took an role within the company and Roadster product design at a level, but was not deeply involved in the day to day operations; [37] Eberhard that Musk was the person who from the beginning on a carbon body, and he led design of components from the power electronics to the headlamps and other styling [38]

In addition to his daily roles, Musk was the controlling in Tesla from the first round, funding the large of the Series A capital investment of US$7.5 million with funds.

From the beginning, consistently maintained that long-term strategic goal was to affordable mass market vehicles in order to have a impact on oil consumption. [39] received the Global Green product design award for his of the Tesla Roadster, presented by Gorbachev. [40] and he received the Index Design award for his of the Tesla Roadster. [41]

Series A round included Technology Partners and SDL Ventures, as as many private investors. later led Tesla Motors’ B. US$13 million. investment which added Valor Partners to the funding team. co-led the third, US$40 round in May 2006 along Technology Partners. Tesla’s round included investment prominent entrepreneurs including co-founders Sergey Brin Page. former eBay Jeff Skoll. Hyatt Nick Pritzker and added the VC Draper Fisher Jurvetson.

Management and The Bay Area Equity managed by JPMorgan Chase. The fourth round in May 2007 another US$45 million and the total investments to over million through private

In December 2007, Ze’ev became the CEO and President of Tesla In January 2008, Tesla fired several key personnel who had involved from the inception a performance review by the new CEO. According to Musk, Tesla was to reduce the company workforce by 10 percent to lower its burn which was out of control in 2007.

The fifth round in February added another US$40 Musk had contributed US$70 of his own money to the company by this [45] In October 2008, succeeded Ze’ev Drori as Drori became Vice

He left the company in December. By 2009, Tesla had raised million and delivered 147 cars. [46]

On May 19, 2009, Germany’s AG, maker of Mercedes, acquired an stake of less than 10 of Tesla for a reported US$50 [47] In July 2009, announced that Abu Dhabi Aabar Investments bought 40 of Daimler’s interest in Tesla.

In June 2009 Tesla was to receive US$465 million in loans from the United Department of Energy. The funding, of an US$8 billion program for vehicle technologies (Advanced Vehicles Manufacturing Loan ), supports engineering and production of the S sedan, as well as the development of technology that Tesla to sell to other automakers. The low-interest loans are not related to the funds that GM and Chrysler received, nor are they related to the economic stimulus package. The of Energy loan program was in 2007 during the George administration in order to get more vehicle options to U.S. and to decrease the country’s dependence on oil. [50]

The company announced in early 2009 that it had achieved corporate profitability for the month of 2009. [51] The company it earned approximately US$1 on revenue of US$20 million. arose primarily from gross margin on the 2010 the second iteration of Tesla’s sports car. Tesla, like all automakers records when products are delivered, a record 109 vehicles in July and a surge in new Roadster purchases.

In 2009, Tesla announced an million round to accelerate retail expansion in advance of the S. [52] Daimler participated in the to maintain equity ownership its initial investment.

Tesla signed a production contract on 11 2005 with Group to produce gliders (complete minus electric powertrain) for [53] Tesla Motors signed a production contract Group Lotus good March 2011, but the two automakers they have extended the to keep the electric Roadster in through December 2011 a minimum number of 2,400 [54] when production is to continue mostly because of changes orchestrated by one of its suppliers.

2010 initial public Edit

On 29 January 2010, Motors filed Form S-1 the U.S. Securities and Exchange [56] as a preliminary prospectus its intention to file an initial offering (IPO) underwritten by Sachs. Morgan Stanley. J. P. and Deutsche Bank Securities.

In a S-1 update filed March 26, added fourth-quarter 2009 to the initial filing. According to the Tesla sold 937 Tesla to customers in 18 countries and generated million in revenue as of Dec. 31, [57] On May 21, 2010, Tesla a strategic partnership with which agreed to purchase million in Tesla common issued in a private placement [59] to close immediately Tesla’s planned IPO. Executives at both companies that they would on the development of electric vehicles, and production system and engineering [59] Less than two later, Toyota and Tesla that their first collaboration would be to build an version of the RAV4 EV. [61]

In 2010, it was reported that sold a total of US$12.2 zero emission vehicle to other automakers, including up to March 31, 2010. [62] On 29, 2010 Tesla Motors its initial public offering on under the symbol TSLA. The IPO US$226 million for the company. It was the first American car maker to go since the Ford Motor had its IPO in 1956. [64]

Car models

File:Roadster Goodwood.JPG Tesla producing right-hand drive in January 2010 and sells in the UK, Australia and parts of Asia. interior.jpg The single-speed Tesla interior comes with a gear selector in the center

Tesla Roadster Edit

Motors’ first production the Tesla Roadster, is an all-electric car. Since 2008 has sold more than Roadsters in 31 countries through 2012. [10] The car has a range of 245 (394 km) per charge on average to testing done by Tesla. On Oct. 27, 2009, the Roadster by Simon Hackett drove the 313-mile (504 km) segment of annual Global Green on a single charge, at an average of 25 mph (40 km/h). [66] [67] The Roadster can accelerate from to 60 mph (97 km/h) in under 4 seconds and has a top of 125 mph (201 km/h).

The base of the car is US$109,000. [15] €84,000 or The cost of powering the Roadster is at US$0.02 per mile, compared roughly US$0.25 per mile for a gasoline powered sports [68] not in citation given


were introduced to the public in 2006, and the Tesla Roadster was on the cover of Time in December as the recipient of the magazine’s Best 2006—Transportation Invention award. The first Signature One Hundred set of equipped Roadsters sold out in than three weeks, the second hundred sold out by 2007, and general production on March 17, 2008. [70]

February 2008, when first began, two new models been introduced, one in July and another in July 2010. new models feature various [71] [72] [73] In 2010, Tesla began its first right-hand-drive Roadsters for the UK and then began selling in mid-2010 in Japan, Singapore, Kong and Australia.

Tesla sell the Roadster until 2012, when its supply of Elise gliders is expected to run as its contract with Lotus for 2,500 gliders expired at the end of [12] [13] Tesla taking orders for the Roadster in the market in August 2011. [75] Featuring new options and features, the 2012 Tesla will be sold in limited only in Europe, Asia and [76] [77] The next is expected to be introduced in 2014 and be based on a shortened version of the developed for the Tesla Model S.

File:Roadster 2.5 windmills trimmed.jpg Roadster Sport 2.5, the fourth-generation Roadster

Tesla taking orders in January for the Roadster Sport, a higher sports car based on the Roadster. The Roadster Sport price at US$128,500 in the United States and (excluding VAT) in Europe. began in July 2009. The Sport is the first derivative of proprietary, patented powertrain.

The Sport has been acclaimed by Editor Kim Reynolds of MotorTrend. magazine recorded a 0-60 mph of seconds and a quarter-mile test at sec @ 102.6 mph (165.1 km/h). called the acceleration breathtaking and that the car’s sales Tesla as an actual car company. is the first maker to crack the EV barrier in a century. [80]

S Edit

File:Model S driving.jpg began production of its Tesla S sedan in 2012, and deliveries to customers began in June File:Model S touchscreen.jpg The Model S a 17-inch (430 mm), touchscreen with wireless access and remote-programming abilities.

deliveries of the Model S in the U.S. on June 22, 2012, at a special held at the Tesla Factory in [18] The sedan was originally Whitestar. [81] Tesla is the Model S [20] in Fremont, in an assembly plant formerly by NUMMI. a now defunct joint of Toyota and General Motors. [82] As of September 2012, has already taken about reservations for the Model S in North and Europe, and plans to build units per year in the Fremont [57]

The Model S is designed as an to cars such as the BMW 5 Series. the A6. and the Mercedes-Benz E-Class. with an base price of US$57,400. plans to sell the car worldwide and introduce regional pricing to the beginning of deliveries in June Tesla is planning on having options for battery packs, customers to select from 160 mi km), 230 mi (370 km) or 300 mi (480 km) per before it must be recharged. The United States Environmental Agency range for the 85 kW·h pack model, the first launched in the United States is 265 mi (426 km). [84]

On 26, 2009, Tesla unveiled the S design to the public by introducing a version of the car in the Tesla Design in Hawthorne, California. This car a touch-screen dashboard with mobile connectivity access and abilities. It seats five (plus two children in rear-facing seats) and has a 0–60 mph (0–97 time of 5.6 seconds. The Model S does it in 4.4 seconds. [85]

On November 12, 2012, the Model S was the Motor Trend Car of the Year for 2013. [87]

Model X

The Tesla Model X was unveiled at the design studios in Hawthorne in California February 9, 2012. Over a thousand people in attendance for the unveiling at which said the car would enter in 2013. [89]

Collaborations

In late 2007, Tesla working with Germany’s AG on powertrain components for an electric of the German company’s Smart city car. Tesla is the battery packs and chargers for an 1,000-unit fleet of EV Smarts. has not released details about the pricing or timing. The two companies that they were together on the Smart in January [97]

Tesla Motors and announced in July 2010 the two companies have signed an to initiate the development of a second of the compact Toyota RAV4 EV. plans to introduce the model the market by 2012. [98]

A generation RAV4 EV demonstrator was at the October 2010 Los Angeles Show. Toyota built 35 of converted RAV4s (Phase vehicles) for a demonstration and evaluation that ran through 2011. The metal-oxide battery and other components are supplied by Tesla [99] [100] The RAV4 EV pack, electronics and powertrain in the production version (unveiled in 2012) are similar to those in the Tesla Model S sedan in June 2012, and the Phase vehicles used components the Tesla Roadster. [101]

Freightliner Electric Van Edit

The is supplying battery packs for Trucks ‘s Custom Electric Van. [103]

Edit

Tesla Motors’ are located in Palo Alto, where much of the development of the Roadster occurred.

United Edit

Tesla was founded in San California. in Silicon Valley. opened its first retail in West Los Angeles, Calif. in 2008. The company opened its retail store in Menlo Calif. in July 2008. The company opened a display in New York City’s Chelsea Art in July 2009. [105] It opened a store in Seattle in 2009. Tesla subsequently stores in Washington, DC; New York Chicago; Dania Beach, Boulder, Colorado; Orange California; San Jose, California and Colorado. [23]

Tesla announced in August that it planned to move its headquarters and build a powertrain facility at 3500 Deer Road, in the Stanford Research in Palo Alto, California. said it would finance the in part through US$100 of the federal low-interest loans. The new would occupy 369,000 sq ft m 2 ) on a 23-acre (93,000 m 2 ) parcel occupied by Agilent Technologies. completed the headquarters move in 2010.

The powertrain facility produce electric vehicle for Tesla and for other automakers, Germany’s Daimler, which is Tesla’s battery packs and for an upcoming electric version of its city car. About 350 are expected to be based at the Stanford initially, potentially increasing to Stanford Research Park is home to Facebook, Hewlett Xerox PARC and other Valley companies. [106]

US$365 million in federal loans, Tesla had planned to a Model S assembly plant in with a fully ramped-up output of 20,000 sedans. Tesla did not announce a specific though unconfirmed media had focused on Southern California. In mid 2009, many speculative reports suggested that could occupy the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California, General Motors and Toyota had they planned to vacate. stated it would develop a site on existing industrial preference of the federal government in candidates for interest-bearing loans the Advanced Technology Vehicle Program.

On 20 May 2010, Tesla that it would partner Toyota to produce the Model S at the NUMMI plant. [19] The opened on October 27, 2010 as the Factory. [109]

Europe

Tesla’s European headquarters are in UK. The Roadster’s chassis was assembled by the manufacturing division of Lotus in Hethel, England. [110] The has a unique chassis, with the car longer and wider and having door sills than the Elise. The two cars have a overlap of less than 6 [111]

Tesla Model S

Regional sales and centers Edit

File:Tesla store.jpg Tesla showroom in Germany. File:Tesla Obelisk The Tesla obelisk is use to identify the network sites in California.

operates its own company-owned stores, it models its showrooms on those of such as Apple and Starbucks. In July 2010, Tesla former Apple and Gap Executive Blankenship as Vice President of and Store Development to build retail strategy and network of locations worldwide. [113]

opened its first store in in June 2009 in central Knightsbridge district, [114] by Munich in September. Tesla a store in Monaco in November with a ribbon-cutting ceremony by and car enthusiast Prince Albert II. Tesla opened stores in Copenhagen Paris and Milan 2010. [116] and a store at Mall in Toronto in 2012. In to these regional stores and centers, Tesla has sales in the Netherlands, Oslo, Vienna, and Madrid.

Supercharger network

Tesla Motors is building a of 480-volt fast charging named Superchargers, developed to the Model S sedans to make distance trips, and planned to be in high traffic corridors the continental United States. The also plans to deploy in Europe and Asia in the second of 2013. [117] According to Musk, “ . we expect all of the United to be covered by the end of next year ” and he said that Tesla use of the network would be free [118]

The Tesla Supercharger is exclusive to appropriately equipped S sedans, which were to accept Tesla’s specific of rapid electricity transfer. hardware is standard on Model S equipped with an 85 kWh battery and on Model S vehicles equipped a 60 kWh battery. The Tesla Roadster is not to charge from the Superchargers, but to the carmaker, all future Tesla will be able to supercharge. [120] The Supercharger is a proprietary station that provides 100 kW of power, with the potential to go as as 120 kW in the future, allowing the Model S to an 85-kwh battery in about one or give it an additional 150 mi (240 km) of in about 30 minutes. [117]

The first Supercharger corridor in the opened access for free to its S owners in California in October and includes six stations placed routes connecting San Francisco. Tahoe. Los Angeles and Las Vegas. stations are located at Folsom.

Tejon Ranch. Harris near Coalinga. Barstow. and Los near Hawthorne Municipal [119] A second corridor was in December 2012, connecting D.C. to Boston. and includes two located in highway rest in Milford, Connecticut and Wilmington, [120] The electricity used by the in the California corridor comes a solar carport system by SolarCity. and eventually, all of the Supercharger will be supplied by solar [117] [120]

Partners Edit

Tesla and sells its own cars, but unlike traditional manufacturers it also as an original equipment manufacturer manufacturing electric vehicle components that other may purchase and retail under own brand names. Tesla has partnerships with two other Daimler and Toyota. Tesla works closely with as a strategic partner in battery research and development. The company is battery packs for Freightliner ‘s Custom Chassis Van. [103]

Daimler

Starting in late 2007, and Tesla Motors began closely to integrate Tesla’s battery packs and charging into the first 1,000 of Daimler’s electric smart The two companies are expected to collaborate including working together on the Model S sedan. The collaboration is not to result in co-branded cars or the of Mercedes vehicles in Tesla or vice-versa.

On May 19, 2009, Germany’s AG, maker of Mercedes, acquired an stake of less than 10% in for a reported US$50 million. [121] As part of the collaboration, Herbert Kohler, Vice E-Drive and Future Mobility at AG, took a seat on Tesla’s of directors. [122]

On July 13, Daimler AG sold 40% of their May to Aabar Investments PJSC. is an investment company controlled by the Petroleum Investment Company which is wholly owned by the of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. [123] In March 2009, Aabar a 9% stake in Daimler for €1,95

Toyota Edit

On May 20, 2010, and Toyota announced a partnership to on electric vehicle development, included Toyota’s US$50 future conditional investment in Tesla and Tesla’s US$42 purchase of a portion of the former factory. [19] [20] said the Model S sedan be built at the plant, which is 20 miles (32 km) east of the company’s in Palo Alto, California. Tesla and Toyota also that they intend to on the development of electric vehicles, and production system and engineering It was announced that an electric of the Toyota RAV4 would be produced in 2012. The jointly RAV4 electric vehicle be built at Toyota’s Woodstock, plant. [126]

Panasonic

File:Tesla Panasonic.jpg Panasonic Company President Naoto presented Tesla CTO JB Straubel the first production Lithium-ion manufactured at Panasonic’s facility in Japan.

On January 7, 2010, and battery cell maker announced that they together develop nickel-based battery cells for electric Naoto Noguchi, President of Energy Company, said the firm’s cells will be for Tesla’s “current and next-generation EV pack.” [127] The partnership was of Panasonic’s US$1 billion over three years in for lithium-ion cell research, and production. Tesla disclosed the new cell resulting from its with Panasonic will Tesla to continue using from multiple suppliers.

In April 2010, Panasonic Company President Naoto presented Tesla Chief Officer JB Straubel with the production Lithium-ion cells at the new facility in Suminoe, Japan. The factory will start 3.1Ah battery cells, the energy density cells in the market. The facility will more than 300 million per year. [129]

On 5 November Panasonic invested US$30 for multi-year collaboration on the development of generation battery cells specifically for electric vehicles.

Suppliers Edit

Like all production cars, the Tesla uses parts from the world. Tesla’s powertrain, is proprietary, is designed and built in Tesla Motors maintains with dozens of suppliers for parts of the car, including carbon fiber body which are made in France by The panels are sent to England, Tesla contracts with to build a unique chassis in U.K. The cars are then to Menlo Park, California, workers install all of Tesla’s components.

The battery pack is in Palo Alto, California, battery cells from The single-speed gearbox is built in by USA-based supplier BorgWarner .

the company began in 2003, licensed AC Propulsion ‘s Charging patent, which the charging electronics into the in a way that reduces mass and Shortly after the company’s Tesla Motors developed a well beyond what the initially licensed from AC The company no longer employs any of AC original intellectual property.

Lawsuits Edit

Fisker Edit

On April 14, 2008, Motors filed a lawsuit Fisker Automotive. alleging Henrik Fisker stole ideas and confidential information to the design of hybrid and electric and was using that information to the Fisker Karma. which was at the North American International Show in January, 2008. had hired Fisker Coachbuild to the WhiteStar sedan but decided the design as it was considered substandard by [131] [132] On November 3, Fisker Automotive Inc. a press release indicating an arbiter has issued an interim finding in favor of Fisker Inc. and against Tesla Inc. on all claims. [133] said the ruling was binding and not pursue the case. [133]

Magna International Edit

in March 2008, Magna filed a lawsuit against claiming that it was never for services rendered. Tesla Magna to help design a transmission for its Roadster. The Magna-designed is not in use for the current model. [134]

dispute Edit

The founding of the and who can rightly be called founder was the of a lawsuit filed in May 2009 and dropped after an out of court [135] [136] On May 26, 2009, filed suit in San Mateo California against Tesla and (Chairman and CEO of Tesla) for slander, and breach of contract. [137] wrote a lengthy blog that included original documents, including e-mails senior executives and other demonstrating that Eberhard was fired by Tesla’s full of directors. [34] On July 29, a judge in San Mateo County, Superior Court struck a claim by former CEO Eberhard, who to be declared one of only two founders of the [138] Tesla said in a that the ruling is consistent Tesla’s belief in a team of including the company’s current CEO and Architect Elon Musk, and Technology Officer JB Straubel, who both fundamental to the creation of from inception. [139] In August, Eberhard withdrew the [140] and the parties reached a settlement on September 21. Some are confidential, but the agreement includes a that the parties will Eberhard, Musk, Straubel, and Wright to be the five co-founders. also issued a statement Musk’s foundational role in the As a co-founder of the company, Elon’s to Tesla have been [141]

Top Gear Edit

unsuccessfully sued Top Gear for the of their Tesla Roadster in a episode in which Jeremy could be seen driving one the Top Gear test track, about a range of only 55 (89 km) before showing that car pushed into the garage, out of charge. Tesla has filed a against the BBC for libel and malicious claiming that two cars provided and that at any point, at one of them was ready to drive. In Tesla believes that car ever dropped below 25 charge, and that the scene was [142] [143] [144] On October 19, 2011, the High in London rejected Tesla’s claim. [146] The falsehood were also struck out by 2012, with Mr Justice describing Tesla’s malicious claim as so ‘gravely deficient’ it too not be allowed to proceed. [147]

Edit

In May 2009, Tesla a safety recall for 345 Roadsters before April 22, 2009. sent technicians to customers’ to tighten the rear, inner hub bolts. Using common from the National Highway and Safety Administration.

Tesla customers that without adjustment, the driver could control of the car. [148] The originated at the Lotus assembly where the Roadster glider is Lotus also recalled Lotus Elise and Exige for the same reason. [149] reminded customers that of cars are recalled every [150] [151]

On October 1, Tesla issued a second safety recall in the USA affecting 439 The recall involved the 12V low-voltage cable from a redundant system (which in the unlikely of the primary 12V power failing or below a minimum threshold provides power to various including the headlamps, tail airbags, turn signals and light). Tesla decided to a recall after an incident the low voltage auxiliary cable in a chafed against the edge of a fiber panel in the vehicle a short, smoke and a possible behind the right front of the vehicle. This issue was to the 12V low-voltage auxiliary cable and did not the main battery pack or power system. [152]

Tesla Model S
Tesla Model S

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