History of Electric Vehicles News

18 мая 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи History of Electric Vehicles News отключены
BMW i3 Electric Cars

Electric Vehicles History V

From the 1950’s

Electric Car US Illustration

Even as Congress to figure out how to pay for the Interstate System, a of electric and power companies Americans to think about the of the future. In the mid-1950s, the coalition this illustration in popular such as Life to show the of electricity. Your air conditioner, and other appliances are just the of a new electric age, the ad said.

The Kilowatt was an electric car introduced for the model year. The car was produced in and 72-volt configurations; the 72-volt had a top speed approaching 96 km/h (60 and could travel for nearly an on a single charge. Despite the improved performance with to previous electric cars, found it too expensive compared to gasoline cars of the time, and ended in 1961.

During the interest in EVs increased due to environmental and a concern about America’s oil dependency. The 1960s and 1970s saw a for alternative fueled vehicles to the problems of exhaust emissions internal combustion engines and to the dependency on imported foreign oil. Many attempts to practical electric vehicles during the years from to the present.

In the early 1960s, the Boyertown Body Works jointly the Battronic Truck Company Smith Delivery Vehicles, of England and the Exide Division of the Battery Company. The first electric truck was delivered to the Edison Company in 1964. truck was capable of speeds of 25 a range of 62 miles and a payload of pounds.

Battronic worked General Electric from to 1983 to produce 175 utility for use in the utility industry and to demonstrate the of battery powered vehicles. also developed and produced 20 passenger buses in the mid 1970s.

attempts were made to get cars off the ground, most the 1974 debut of the 36-48-volt CitiCar. Similar to most EVs of the it had a top speed of 44 mph and a range of 50 to 60 miles. product of the 70s was the Elcar Corporation’s with a top speed of 45 mph and a 60-mile and cost between $4,000 and

Both saw promising sales in the of the decade, but went kaput the oil crisis stopped being. a

The CitiCar was produced between and 1977 by a U.S. company Sebring-Vanguard, Inc.. based in

In 1975 the United States Service purchased 350 electric jeeps from the American Company to be used in a test These jeeps had a top speed of 50 mph and a of 40 miles at a speed of 40 mph. and defrosting were accomplished a gas heater and the recharge time was 10

In recent years, increased over the environmental impact of cars, along with consumer ability to pay for fuel for cars, and the prospect of peak has brought about renewed in electric cars, which are to be more environmentally friendly and to maintain and run, despite initial costs. Electric currently enjoy relative in countries around the world, they are notably absent the roads of the United States, electric cars briefly in the late 90s as a response to changing regulations.

1990s to present: Revival of interest

In January 1990, GM Roger Smith demonstrated the (pictured below), an electric car, at the 1990 Los Angeles Show. The car had been developed by vehicle company AeroVironment. design knowledge gained GM’s participation in the 1987 Solar Challenge, a trans-Australia for solar vehicles. with the which went on to win the competition. Cocconi of AC Propulsion designed and the original drive controller for the Impact, and the design was later by Hughes Electronics.

On April 18, Smith announced that the would become a production

In the early 1990s, the California Air Board (CARB), the government of clean air agency, began a for more fuel-efficient, lower-emissions with the ultimate goal a move to zero-emissions vehicles as electric vehicles.


Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, and Toyota also produced numbers of EVs for California drivers. In upon the expiration of GM’s EV1 GM crushed them. The crushing has been attributed to 1) the auto successful federal court to California’s zero-emissions vehicle 2) a federal regulation requiring GM to and maintain spare parts for the few EV1s, and 3) the success of the oil and auto media campaign to reduce acceptance of electric vehicles.

The Motors EV1. one of the cars as a result of the California Air Resources (CARB) mandate, had a range of 160 mi km) with NiMH batteries in

A movie made on the subject in was titled Who Killed the Electric and released theatrically by Sony Classics in 2006. The film the roles of automobile manufacturers, oil the U.S. government, batteries, vehicles, and consumers, and each of roles in limiting the deployment and of this technology.

Honda, Nissan and Toyota repossessed and crushed most of EVs, which, like the GM had been available only by lease. After public Toyota sold 200 of its RAV EVs to eager they now sell at over original forty-thousand-dollar price.

car makers, such as Daimler AG, Motor Corp. General Corp. Renault SA, Peugeot-Citroen, VW, and Mitsubishi Corp. are developing electric vehicles.

In June BMW began field testing in the of its all-electric Mini E, through the of 500 cars to private users in Los and the New York/New Jersey area. A field test was launched in the in December 2009 with a of more than forty E cars.

The Nissan LEAF. due to be in 2010, is the first all electric, emission five door hatchback to be produced for the mass Lithium-ion battery technology, body shell and advanced braking give the LEAF comparable to an ICE, a range of 160 km and the capability to reach 80% recharge in under 30 minutes.

The Chevrolet Volt. due to be launched in 2010 as a 2011 model. The Volt is a plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV). For up to the first 40 (64 km), the Volt is powered by energy stored in its on-board batteries which are charged by to an electrical power outlet.

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