Toyota Vitz Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

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Toyota Vitz

The Toyota Vitz is a line of three- and five-door hatchback subcompact cars produced since 1998 by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota. Now in its third generation, the name Toyota Vitz has been used consistently in Japan, with most international markets receiving the same vehicle under the Toyota Yaris name, or formerly as the Toyota Echo in some markets for the first generation.


First generation (XP10; 1998–2005) [ edit ]

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What became the XP10 series was shown earlier in concept form at the 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show. This concept, titled Funtime was developed under the leadership of Shuhei Toyoda, who also commissioned two additional models based on the same platform: the Funcoupe and the Funcargo , the predecessor to the forthcoming production model Fun Cargo. Styled in Brussels by Toyota’s European Office of Creation (EPOC), the Fun project as it was known, was envisaged to underline the versatility of shared platform engineering.

These concept vehicles morphed into the New Basic Car (NBC) program, with each separate NBC model designated a number, NBC1 in the case of the Vitz three-door. [ 5 ] The name Vitz is the phonetic Anglicized spelling of the German word Witz which means wit (however, its principal meaning in contemporary German is joke). Toyota claims the contrived name Yaris is intended to convey a European impression, while Echo is intended to Echo nothing. [ 5 ]

Instead of conventional analogue instruments. the Vitz utilized digital instruments which were mounted in a pod in the center of the dashboard. When sales commenced in the Canadian market this was not the case, with Toyota opting to fit a conventional speedometer, still mounted in the center of the dashboard.

In 2003 the facelifted ‘Phase 2′ Vitz was released with different bumpers and ‘teardrop’ front lights.

Euro NCAP crash tested the dual-airbag equipped XP10 series in 2000, rating the car 29 out of 37 for … occupant protection, or four out of five stars. The pedestrian rating (pre-2002) is 13 points or two of out of four stars. [ 11 ] In July 2004, ANCAP tested the XP10 with only a driver’s airbag fitted, resulting in a 23.64 out of 37 grading, or three out of five stars. [ 12 ] The 2010 edition of Monash University ‘s Used Car Safety Ratings (UCSR), found that the XP10 provides a poor (two out of five stars) level of occupant safety protection in the event of an accident. [ 13 ]

Market [ edit ]

The Japanese launch of the Vitz occurred on 13 January 1999, and along with the related Platz, was retailed through the Netz dealership channel. [ 5 ]

The Vitz RS was introduced in 2001. The RS featured revised front and rear bumpers. a mesh grille. black-tinted headlamps. front fog lamps. side skirts, and alloy wheels. [ 14 ] Interior upgrades include, sports-oriented front seats, a leather-wrapped steering wheel. a leather and chrome gear shifter. and metallic door sill scuff plates. [ 15 ] Two engines were available in the RS, the 1.3-litre 88 horsepower (66 kW) 2NZ-FE and the 1.5-litre 110 horsepower (82 kW) 1NZ-FE . More powerful brakes and a firmer suspension calibration were also fitted to the RS.

The Phase 2 Vitz RS was modified by Toyota Racing Development (TRD) mainly for the domestic Japanese market, and outfitted with an IHI Rhf4 turbocharger with 0.5 bars (7.3 psi) boost. Produced in limited numbers, the TRD-tuned RS sported the 1.5-litre engine, and produced 148 horsepower (110 kW) and offered a 0–100 kilometres per hour (0–62 mph) time of 7.9 seconds.

The Yaris was also sold in China as the Xiali Vizi, but only facelifted versions were offered. [ citation needed ]

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