2013 Volkswagen XL1 Test Drive Popular Mechanics

20 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи 2013 Volkswagen XL1 Test Drive Popular Mechanics отключены
Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars

2013 Volkswagen XL1 Test

Since it began 15 years Volkswagen s fuel-sipping project has from a one-off 232-mpg tube to this limited-production, aero lozenge. Is this marvel a new form of super-efficient or a loss-making publicity stunt? We one to this year s Geneva Show.

On-Sale Date . model year

Price . In the range

Competitors . 2014 BMW i3, Twizy, Opel s RAKe, s Urban Concept, and the Volkswagen Also a host of tilting and four wheelers such as BMW s and Simple concepts, and Mercedes-Benz Jet and Carver concepts.

Powertrains . turbocharged diesel I-2, 47 hp, 89 AC electric motor, 27 hp, 103 lb-ft; system output 68 hp, 103 lb-ft; lithium-ion battery pack; dual-clutch automatic, rear-wheel

Fuel Economy (New Driving Cycle) . 261 mpg (EU Combined

Where did this come The project began life in as an order from the egregious chairman of VW, Dr. Ferdinand Pi ch, who wanted a car: something that make 100 km per liter, or about mpg (U.S.).

In his last public as VW chairman, Pi ch drove the experimental car from his office in Wolfsburg to the VW shareholders meeting in Hamburg, his crossing their fingers as the set off in the rain mixing it with trucks on the autobahn. The wily old beat even his own engineering setting an average fuel of 264.3 mpg at an average speed of We will never build a car, he said as he climbed but it could give us the knowledge to a 2-liter car.

The following year I drove 299-cc, single-cylinder, diesel-powered tube. It was noisy, claustrophobic, like a trolley jack, like a bicycle, and was just Then nothing happened for five years, until Pi ch s Martin Winterkorn and VW research Ulrich Hackenberg picked up the anew. At the 2009 Frankfurt they debuted the next the L1, which swapped the noisy, single-pot diesel for a two-cylinder, turbodiesel with assistance a small electric motor.

It had a top speed and was capable of 157.4 mpg on the test cycle.

What s New . We this third-generation car as a prototype in a couple of years ago, it wowed us with its technological and annoyed us with its noisy and rock-hard suspension rattling our inside the rigid carbon-fiber Now, after great in refinement, VW plans to build a run of 250 XL1s at the old Karmann plant in ck, Germany, hand-built by engineers in that resemble a motorsports

It s rumored that even at an purchase price, VW will tens of thousands of bucks on model sold. The business for this model is different, Heinz-Jakob Neuber, head of the development group. Because its is to be a testing bed for new technologies for more plug-in hybrids across VW brands, XL1 doesn t have to a profit.

The XL1 starts as a carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer built in Bavaria with an molding process. It is then to Osnabr ck for assembly including the of the wings and scissor-opening doors, the trim and polycarbonate side and thin glass windshield. Two will be built per week.

At 12 feet 9 inches long, 5 5.6 inches wide, and 3 feet 9.4 tall, the diminutive XL1 is one of the slipperiest in the world, with a drag of 0.189. It is also the lightest hybrid, weighing a total of pounds. The engine is half of a 1.6-liter turbodiesel, made in with plasma-sprayed bores and plus a balance shaft to vibrations.

This rear-mounted twin produces 47 hp and 89 lb-ft; it is by a 27-hp, 74 lb-ft electric with a plug-in parallel system with a 5.5-kilowatt-hour battery supplied by Sanyo. The is a magnesium-alloy-cased version of VW s E400 twin-clutch unit driving the wheels.

The XL1 is the zenith of energy and lightweight innovation. Features LED headlamps, narrow-gauge wiring electrical fuses, carbon-ceramic an electrical air-conditioning/heater unit, and a faired underbody. The wheels are alloy. The all-cast aluminum uses upper and lower wishbones at the front, with arms at the rear.

Coil-over-damper are steel and aluminum and the antisway and engine mounts are hollow units. Crash safety is to be comparable to the current range of VW and in case you roll the XL1 over, are explosive bolts in the scissor hinges that will off and allow you to clamber out.

Tech Tidbit . Although the plug-in hybrid driveline is and will appear across the VW it is the carbon-fiber tub/body, with its subframes front and rear, is the XL1 s piece de resistance. It s made a resin-transfer-molding process where the weave is laid in first. The is held slightly open the resin is injected and then it is to cure.

The process takes an

Driving Character . It is clear you are (a) in a VW and (b) in special. The instrument pack is out of the VW Up with switches from a model and a Garmin PDA unit navigation and information on energy and fuel consumption. Which pretty normal, if not for the figure-hugging bucket seats, the carbon-fiber wheel, and the dash covered in a matte-black carbon-style weave.

The seats are surprisingly roomy, and there s not a lot of room in the cabin, is a 4.2-cubic-foot trunk behind the

Press the push-button starter and s, well, silence. In normal XL1 stays in electric drive the car uses full throttle, 62 mph, or the battery charge to 14 per cent. E-mode, the electric-only lasts up to 31 miles, after the engine starts to maintain and drive the vehicle, although it fully charges the battery. time via a separately supplied box is just over an hour a 240-volt connection.

Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars

Top speed is limited to 99 mph (an unrestricted XL1 do 125 mph), with 0-to-62-mph in 12.7 seconds. The NEDC EU economy is 261 mpg using the EU s slightly fuel-consumption calculation, which battery range, but Hackeberg the XL1 will actually achieve liters per 100 km, which translates as 283 With the batteries charged and a 2.64 gallons of fuel, the range is about 311 miles.

town the XL1 feels pretty VW has done a lot to the ride quality, but s still a bobbing harshness, and the steering feels odd when off the dead-ahead position. The skinny tires crash over and potholes and the electric motor behind you. When the starts you ll think someone a wrench inside the intake. We stopped to find out what was

The beat changes constantly, sounding like a coffee sometimes a concrete hammer.

The brakes are brilliant, though, regenerative and friction braking Get out of town and speed up, and the suspension down and the steering feels though never as good as an system should. The engine is muted at higher speeds as

The only twin in the whole Group that sounds is from Ducati, says Neuber, head of the powertrain group. This engine smoother the more load you though, as we can put more preinjection into it. It s all about combustion

Despite the slow acceleration the XL1 actually feels pretty or at least as fast as you d want to go on the tires. The body rolls a bit in as the car takes half a second to out that you want maximum rather than maximum gas It could be faster, but maximum is restricted to protect the exotic casing.

The seven-speed transmission gears almost silently. We an alpine route over the 5000-foot Br nig Pass, where at the point the dash indicator the XL1 averaging well over 116 mpg A convoy of these ghostly cars slipped through the at the top of the mountain, no noise or carbon marking their passing, a phut phut of the cooling fan out the spine.

Favorite Detail . de Silva, VW s design boss, is grumpy when he talks how the XL1 was formed mainly in the wind but that s not the whole story. little coupe is a fantastic wind-cheating shape reminiscent of record breakers of yore. Mercedes C111 project Volkswagen s ARVW diesel breaker, streamliners such as Fuller s 1933 Dymaxion or the 1937 Mercedes Avus

Driver s Grievance . Use the comfort consciously, said one VW engineer. means the heater, which in uses the battery to keep you Which means if you want great gas mileage, you stay

Now where are my driving gloves?

Line . We are still waiting for the line here, and it s unlikely to be though Winterkorn promised at the eve of the Show that VW will attractive offers for interested The first 50 cars are already by advance orders, and they ll be with hardcore VW fans in where a team of engineers the Flying Doctors will an eye on their progress and deal any problems.

In engineering virtuosity, materials and sheer innovation, the XL1 is sufficiently to join the pantheon of new supercars P1, Ferrari LaFerrari, Lamborghini and Porsche 918) at this s Geneva Show. In some it s even more advanced these behemoths. There s a slightly homemade feel the driveline, but once you get used to the (and sometimes not so gentle) note, there s great fun to be had in for miles on a thimbleful of fuel.

It s no for lighting up the tires and burning a of gas in a morning it s a different and more appeal. But trust us, it s a lot of fun.

Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars
Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars
Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars
Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars
Volkswagen XL1 Electric Cars


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