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Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery

Volkswagen Eos Details

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Volkswagen Scirocco Details

The Scirocco is a three-door coupe manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen, undergoing two generations of development between 1974 and 1992 and reintroduced in a third generation in August 2008. Though numerous sources suggest Scirocco name derives from the Italian word for the Sirocco wind during a period when Volkswagen named vehicles after prominent winds or currents (e.g. the Passat (after the German word for Trade wind), Golf (after Gulf Stream), Bora (after Bora), Polo (after Polar Winds), and Jetta (after Jet stream)), a 2013 report by former VW advertising copywriter Bertel Schmitt, says that — after consulting knowledgeable VW sources including Dr. Carl Hahn, former Volkswagen of America Chief and WP Schmidt, former sales chief at Volkswagen — no conclusive evidence suggests that Volkswagen employed a naming theme for its then new front-drive, water-cooled vehicles; nor that the names trace etymologically to any particular theme; nor that any naming system was ever announced, either officially or confidentially. Volkswagen began work on the car during the early 1970s as the replacement for the aging Karmann Ghia coupe, and designated it the Typ 53 internally. The platform of the Golf/Rabbit and Jetta was used to underpin the new Scirocco, although almost every part of the car was re-engineered in favour of a sportier drive, and the model’s all-new styling, penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro, was sleeker and sportier than that of either the Golf or Jetta.

Launched six months before the Golf, in order to resolve any teething troubles before production of the high volume hatchback started, the Scirocco went on sale in Europe in 1974 and in North America in 1975. Mark I models featured a range of four-cylinder engines with displacements from 1.1 to 1.6 L, 1.7 L in North America, (1975 1.5L (1,471 cc), 1976–77 1.6 L, 1978 1.5 L (1,457 cc), 1979–1981 1.6 (1,588 cc), 1981 USA models 1.7 (1,715 cc)), all featuring a single-overhead camshaft and two valves per cylinder. The 1975–1978 model year USA vehicles had four-speed manual transmissions; for the 1979 model year, USA vehicles received five-speed manual transmissions.

Automatic transmission-equipped Sciroccos were generally rare. The car changed little before being replaced by the Mark 2 version in 1982 (Europe). However, air conditioning became available as an option on the domestic market in August 1975. The possibility to retrofit the installation, together with a larger battery, was offered to existing owners.

During the production of the Mark I, there were subtle changes to the body and trim. In 1977 (1976 was the first year), the conventional two wiper system changes to a single wiper which parks on the passenger side of the windscreen. In 1978, the separate front side marker and turn signal, changed to a combination wrap-around orange lens. Other mid-life changes include chrome bumpers with rubberised end caps to a plastic one-piece wrap around bumper. In 1979, the one-pieces flag style outside mirrors transitioned to a two-piece shrouded mirror.

There were also special variants throughout the Mark I production. Most distinguishable by paint schemes and trim, there were special versions called Sidewinder, Sidewinder II, Champagne Edition, Champagne Edition II and the S. The Champagne Edition II only came in white with black accents. On the NA models the 1980 S versions came in only three colours, Alpine White, Black and Mars Red with unique colour accents.

This was followed by the 1981 S versions which only came in Cosmos Silver Metallic, Cirrus Gray Metallic and Mars Red without the colour accents. Manually retractable sliding steel sunroofs were an available option on the S versions, and possibly non-S vehicles, too. Not forgetting the addition of the Storm models, available in two colours with a run of 250 cars in each colour A heavily redesigned Mark 2 variant (internally designated Typ 53B ) went on sale in 1981, although it remained on the A1 platform. The second generation Scirocco, still assembled on behalf of Volkswagen by Karmann of Osnabrück, was first shown at the 1981 Geneva Salon in March that year.

Designed by Volkswagen’s own internal design team, one unique feature of the Mark 2 was the location of the rear spoiler midway up the glass on the rear hatch. A mid-cycle update occurred in 1984, which included minor changes over the 1982 model: removal of the outlined SCIROCCO script from the rear hatch (below the spoiler), a redesigned air conditioning compressor, and a different brake master cylinder with in-line proportioning valves and a brake light switch mounted to the pedal instead of on the master cylinder. Half way through the 1984 model year, a new space-saver spare wheel was added, that provided room for a larger fuel tank (with a second transfer fuel pump).

Leather interior, power windows and mirrors, air conditioning, and a manual sunroof were options for all years. Engine power and torque steadily increased over the years. The 1984 model year saw the return of two windshield wipers (vice the large single wiper), absent since the 1976 models.

1982 and 1983 models produced 74 hp (55 kW) and 90 ft·lbf (120 N·m) of torque. The engine code was EN. The 1984 models produced 90 hp (67 kW) and 100 ft·lbf (140 N·m) torque, the engine code was JH.

In mid-1986, a 16-valve model was released in the United States and Canada, which included a full body skirt, larger rear spoiler, and tear-drop shaped wheel slots to distinguish it from Mark II 8-valve models. The two engines offered were the PL code (with 123 hp (92 kW) and 120 ft·lbf (160 N·m) of torque), and the Europe-only KR code (139 hp (104 kW)), which had no emissions equipment. Scirocco sales continued until 1988 in the United States, 1989 in Canada, and until 1992 in Germany and the UK. The Scirocco was briefly joined but effectively replaced by the Corrado in the VW line-up, although this had been on sale since 1989 and was aimed further upmarket. Volkswagen officially announced in June 2006 production of a new Scirocco model at the AutoEuropa assembly plant in Palmela, Portugal.

The new model, identified by the internal type numbers 137 or 1K8, is based on the PQ35 platform of the Golf V and was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. It went on sale in summer 2008 in Europe, with sales in other countries beginning early 2009. The MkIII Scirocco won Car of the Year 2008 from Top Gear (magazine).

The 2008 model of the Scirocco received a five star safety rating from EuroNCAP even after the driver test dummy hit its head off the steering wheel because of the airbag bottoming out. The model tested was a left-hand-drive three-door hatchback and scored in four areas: The Scirocco R is a production model based on the GT24. Its 2.0 L TSI engine is rated 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm, large air intake openings in the front bumper, an integrated front spoiler, bi-xenon headlights, larger rear roof edge spoiler, black diffuser, dual exhaust with chrome tailpipes, Talladega 18-inch alloy wheels. UK models went on sale in 2009. All models include standard six-speed manual transmission.

The 1.4 TSI (160 PS) can optionally be fitted with a seven-speed DSG transmission, while the 2.0 TSI 200, 2.0 TSI 210, R 2.0 TSI 265 and 2.0 TDI are available with a six-speed DSG transmission.


The EA888 2.0 TSI uses an IHI K03 water-cooled turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold, while a BorgWarner turbocharger is used in EA113 2.0 TSI versions.

The 140 bhp 2.0 TDI engine is also provided with the BlueMotion Technology package. This package features stop start technology and regenerative braking to reduce emissions to 118 g/km CO 2 . In the 24 Hours Nürburgring in May 2008, three new Volkswagen Scirocco did very well in the field of over 200, among them many high powered cars, finishing 11th and 15th, with veteran Hans Joachim Stuck driving both cars (and Carlos Sainz the slower one). The direct competitors, two Opel Astra H GTC driven by drivers selected from 18,000 hopefuls in a year-long TV covered process, were beaten decisively. In the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship, Fredrik Ekblom drives a Scirocco for the Biogas team. The car is run on biogas and not petrol.

In April 2007, Volkswagen America vice president Adrian Hallmark claimed that Volkswagen preferred not to bring the Scirocco to North America since it could negatively affect GTI sales. It was later stated that the final decision would be made in 2008 by Martin Winterkorn (Volkswagen’s CEO), not Volkswagen of America. In early March 2008, MotorAuthority reported that, due to the increasing gap between the United States dollar and the Euro, the Scirocco would not be made available for American consumers.

This car would fit the U.S. market but at the current exchange rate we wouldn’t make any money. Volkswagen sales and marketing chief Detlef Wittig told Bloomberg reporters. A concept car previewing the then upcoming Scirocco III was unveiled at the 2006 Paris Auto Show.

Named IROC . from the middle four letters of Scirocco, it used a 200 hp (150 kW) TSI engine. The Scirocco GT24 is a race car for the 24-hour race at the Nürburgring. It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated 325 PS (239 kW; 321 hp) and 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) at 2,100 rpm, DSG transmission.

The GT24 was unveiled at GTI Meet 2008 in Wörthersee. The Studie R is a concept car based on the Scirocco GT24, after Volkswagen had cancelled the production of the Scirocco R32. It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated at 270 PS (199 kW; 266 hp), six-speed dual clutch transmission, four-piston brake calipers and a sound-optimized exhaust system with oval, polished tailpipes.

The Studie R was unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show.

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Volkswagen Passat Details

The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car marketed by German automaker Volkswagen through six design generations since 1973. Between the Volkswagen Golf / Volkswagen Jetta and the Volkswagen Phaeton in the current Volkswagen line-up, the Passat and its derivatives have been badged variously as Dasher . Santana . Quantum . Magotan . Corsar and Carat . The successive generations of the Passat carry the VW internal designations B1, B2, etc. In 2008, Volkswagen extended its range with the launch of the Passat CC, a four-door coupé version of the Passat. Volkswagen currently markets two variants of the Passat globally. In January 2011, Volkswagen announced that the new mid-size sedan (NMS) being built at the Volkswagen Chattanooga Assembly Plant for the North American market would be named the Passat.

Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive also manufactures the Passat NMS in its Nanjing factory. The NMS is not going to be sold outside the North American, South Korean, and Chinese Markets.] [ A different B7 Passat model is sold outside of these markets. The Volkswagen Passat NMS won the 2012 Motor Trend Car of the Year.

Following the Volkswagen Group’s acquisition of Audi in 1964, Volkswagen used new engineering expertise to develop a modern front-wheel drive car with a water-cooled engine, and thus the Passat and Golf (the latter being introduced in 1974) were the first of a new generation of Volkswagen cars. The first Passat was developed partly from the Audi 80/Fox and, until 2005, the two shared a history. During its development phase, the Passat was designated internally as EA400 ( Entwicklungsauftrag 400, or Development Order 400), and well before its launch, production of the Volkswagen Type 3 at the Wolfsburg plant had been stopped in order to free up capacity for the new car. Wolfsburg was able to ramp up production carefully: directly before Passat production started the lines were used to assemble small volumes of the car’s Audi 80 sibling which had been launched a year earlier. The nameplate Passat derives from the German word for trade wind — and the period in its history when Volkswagen named vehicles after prominent winds, including also Golf (after the Gulf stream), Jetta (after Jet stream), and Scirocco (after Sirocco).

Though numerous sources suggest the Passat nameplate derives from the German word for trade wind, reflecting the period in Volkswagen’s history when it named its vehicles after prominent winds and currents (e.g. the Volkswagen Jetta (after the Jet stream), Volkswagen Bora (after bora), and Volkswagen Scirocco (after sirocco), a 2013 report by former VW advertising copywriter Bertel Schmitt, says that — after consulting knowledgeable VW sources including Dr. Carl Hahn, former Volkswagen of America Chief and WP Schmidt, former sales chief at Volkswagen — no conclusive evidence suggests that Volkswagen employed a naming theme for its then new front-drive, water-cooled vehicles; nor that the names trace etymologically to any particular theme, nor that any naming system was ever announced, either officially or confidentially. The original Volkswagen Passat was launched in 1973. The body types offered originally were two- and four-door sedans and similar looking three- and five-door versions.

Externally all four shared a modern fastback style design, styled by the Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. In essence, the first Passat was a fastback version of the mechanically identical Audi 80 sedan, introduced a year earlier. A five-door station wagon/estate was introduced in 1974. In Europe, the Passat was equipped with two rectangular, two round 7-inch, or four round 5.5-inch headlights depending on specification. The Passat was one of the most modern European family cars at the time, and was intended as a replacement for the aging Volkswagen Type 3 and Type 4. The Passat originally used the four-cylinder OHC 1.3 l (55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp)) and 1.5 l (75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)/85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp)) petrol engines also used in the Audi 80—longitudinally mounted with front-wheel drive, in Audi tradition, with either a four-speed manual transmission or three-speed automatic.

It had a MacPherson strut front suspension with a solid axle/coil spring setup at the rear. The SOHC 1.5 was enlarged to 1.6 l in August 1975 with unchanged power ratings and slightly higher torque ratings. In July 1978 the Passat Diesel became available, equipped with the VW Golf`s 1.5 l Diesel (50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp)), followed in February 1979 by the Passat GLI with a fuel-injected version of the 1.6 l engine. The whole range received a facelift in 1977 (launched 1978 outside Europe), featuring an interior upgrade and subtly revised styling including repositioned indicators and depending on model, either four round or two rectangular headlights.

In North America, the car was called the Volkswagen Dasher. The three- and five-door hatchback and a station wagon model were launched in North America for and during the 1974 model year. Sole available engine was a carburetted 1.5 l inline-four developing 75 hp (56 kW) (or 70 hp (52 kW) in 1975), supplanted from model year 1976 by a Bosch fuel-injected 1.6 l four 78 hp (58 kW).

North American cars were equipped with single DOT standard headlights. In 1978 the Dasher received a facelift along the lines of the European Passat, with quad sealed beam headlights and big polyurethane covered bumpers. The trim was also upgraded and the ride softened. 1979 saw the introduction of the 1.5 l diesel engine, which produced just 48 PS (35 kW) in the 1,130 kg (2,490 lb) car.

0–100 km/h time for the Diesel was 19.4 seconds, 6.2 seconds slower than the gasoline (petrol) engine. All gasoline engines were dropped for North America in 1981 in preparation for the next generation. In Brazil, the Passat B1 was produced from June 1974 until 1988. Since the Audi 80 was not marketed in Brazil, the Passat received the Audi’s different front-end treatment after a facelift for 1979.

Originally with a 1.5 liter engine, during its long life cycle many improvements from the B2 platform were later introduced, like its 1.6 and 1.8-liter engines, a Brazil-specific face-lift in 1985, and a five-speed gearbox. A sports version, named Passat TS 1.6 and later Passat GTS 1.8 Pointer was also introduced. The second generation Volkswagen Passat was launched in 1981. The platform, named B2, was slightly longer and the car’s updated styling was instantly recognisable as a Passat, with the most obvious difference being the rectangular headlights.

In addition to the Passat hatchbacks and Variants (estate/wagon), there was also a conventional three-box saloon, which until the 1985 facelift was sold as the Volkswagen Santana in Europe. In North America, the Passat/Santana was sold as the Volkswagen Quantum, available in three-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and a wagon model, but the five-door hatchback was never sold there and the three-door hatchback was dropped after less than two years. The four-wheel drive Syncro version was introduced in October 1984, initially only with the more powerful five-cylinder engine. The Santana was also produced in China, Brazil, Mexico (as the Corsar, from 1984 and 1988) and Argentina (as the Carat between 1987 and 1991).

Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery

In Brazil, the Santana station wagon was sold as the Quantum. The Passat saloon and estate were produced in South Africa for their local market until 1987. Like the previous generation, the B2 Passat was mainly sold with four-cylinder petrol and diesel engines. Unlike its predecessor, however, top-of the line versions received five-cylinder Audi or VW engines of 1.9–2.2 litres.

The 5-cylinder version was sold in the U.S. as the Quantum GL-5. In addition to four- and five-speed manuals and three-speed automatic gearboxes, the Passat/Santana was also available with the VW concern’s interesting 4+E transmission. This, also called the Formel E had a particularly high top gear, which combined with a freewheeling mechanism, provided better gas mileage. An automatic stop/start was also available in some markets.

The four-wheel-drive system used in the Passat Variant Syncro shared the mechanics of the Audi 80 quattro and not the Volkswagen Golf Syncro. The Syncro’s bottom plate was almost entirely different, requiring a transmission tunnel, a relocated gas tank and no spare tire well (to make room for the complex rear axle assembly). Only the more popular estate was reengineered.

Syncro was also available in the North American market, only with the five-cylinder engine. In 1985 the range received a slight facelift, consisting of new, larger bumpers, interior retouches, a new front grille and new taillights on the hatchback versions. The two-door hatchback was discontinued while the Santana nameplate was dropped in Europe. The saloon’s front end was now the same as the hatchback and estate. The North American version, still known as the Quantum, gained European-style composite headlamps.

On March 31, 1988 production ended (although Syncro models continued in production until June) with 3,345,248 built in Germany. World production totals amount to at least 4.5 million units.

The CC (Comfort Coupé) is a 4-door coupé version of the Passat. It debuted at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit. Originally aimed at competing with the similarly styled Mercedes CLS, the Passat CC intends to be more stylish and luxurious than the previously released Passat B6.

In the U.S. the name Passat was dropped, and the car is being sold as CC. Some options specific to the CC include hands-free parking, lane-departure prevention, intelligent cruise control, and adaptive suspension. Engines offered in the CC mirror those of the regular Passat, with options of the base 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder, or the optional 3.6-liter V-6, which includes 4-motion all-wheel drive. Although the CC is marketed as a more luxurious Passat B6, it comes in with a lower price tag.

While the MSRP of a Passat B6 is $28,300, the CC comes with a base price of $27,100. The Chinese-made CC was released by FAW-VW on July 15, 2010. Two engine options are provided: 1.8T and 2.0T.

Volkswagen facelifted the Passat CC in late 2011 for the 2012 year with styling updates akin to those of the larger Phaeton. For the updated model, Volkswagen has dropped the Passat name for all markets, now matching the Volkswagen CC branding used since 2008 in North America. The B6 Passat was facelifted by Klaus Bischoff and Walter de Silva,] [ and was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in September 2009.

Although designated B7, the car is not an all-new model. The facelift resulted in new external body panels except for the roof and glasshouse, with the prominent changes to the grille and headlights. Overall height and width dimensions are unchanged from the B6 Passat, while length increases by 4 mm.

New features include a fatigue detection system and an automatic city emergency braking system. It arrived at dealerships in January 2010. The interior featured minor detail changes from the B6, although the basic dashboard design remain unchanged.

In India, the B6 version is supposed to be replaced with B7 version. Also the FAW-VW-built Magotan will also be replaced by a long-wheelbase version of the Passat B7. The new model will be exclusive to the Indian market, and at least 100 mm longer than the European B7. The Indian market is also likely to get the B7 which appears to be only a facelift of B6 and not a new platform.

In China, the FAW-VW-built Magotan will also be replaced by a long-wheelbase version of the Passat B7. The new model will be exclusive to the Chinese market, and at least 100 mm longer than the European B7. Engines available for Magotan B7L are ranging from 1.4T, 1.8T to 2.0T, a special-developed EA390 3.0L VR6 FSI engine is opted for the top model. The North American market did not receive the B7 version and jumped from the B6 straight to the B8 in 2011. In October 2011 Volkswagen presented at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show the Passat Alltrack.

The Passat Alltrack bridges the gap between the passenger VW range and the SUV range comprising the Tiguan and Touareg. The Passat Alltrack has raised ground clearance from 135 to 165 mm which improves approach angle from 13.5 to 16 degrees, departure angle from 11.9 to 13.6 degrees and ramp angle from 9.5 to 12.8 degrees when compared to the standard Passat wagon. Passat Alltrack is the only VW in the passenger range to offer 4Motion with off road driving programme, the off road system works in conjunction with the ABS, electronic differential lock (EDL), DSG hill descent assist system to control the vehicle in an off road expedition. The engine range of the Passat Alltrack comprise of two 2.0L TDI with outputs of 103 kW/140 hp 125 kW/170 hp and two petrol engines, 1.8L producing 118 kW/160 hp and 2.0L TSI producing 155 kW/207 hp.

The TDI models come standard with BlueMotion Technology packages with Stop/Start system and battery regeneration mode for recovering braking energy. The two lesser powered engine variants 2.0L TDI and 1.8L TSI are only available in front wheel drive format with a manual 6 speed transmission. The rest of the range with 4Motion has a 6 speed DSG automated manual transmission, except the 2.0L TDI with 103 kW/140 hp has an option of 6 speed manual.

In 2012 at the New York Auto Show, VW showed a Passat Alltrack with 2.0L TDI 125 kW/170 hp under Alltrack Concept nameplate to gauge response for a future market in the offroad wagon segment. A driverless version of the Passat Wagon finished second in the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge. Known as the New Midsize Sedan (NMS) before its unveiling in January 2011, this unique larger model designed specifically for the North American market replaces the B6 Passat sedan and wagon for the 2012 model year in Canada, the United States and Mexico.

It is also sold in China alongside the Passat Lingyu and Magotan. North American and South Korean models will be built at its Chattanooga Assembly Plant, while Chinese market versions are built by 上海大众汽车Shanghai-VW in 2011. NAIAS 2013: VAG presented a pre-production concept Passat Performance with 1.8 TSI (250ps) The Volkswagen Passat NMS won the 2012 Motor Trend Car of the Year.The 2013 Passat TDI sets new Guiness World Record for fuel economy under the Non-Hybrid car category.

It achieved a fuel consumption of only 3.02 liter on 100 Kilometers (77.99 mpg).

The American version of the 2013 Volkswagen Passat made its way to Middle Eastern markets, namely Saudi Arabia, Oman and United Arab Emirates, by the summer of 2012. The 5-seater sedan is available in four trim levels, all with a 170 hp 2.5-litre 5-cylinder engine and an automatic transmission only.

Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery
Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery
Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery
Volkswagen Golf e-motion – e-Motion 85 kW motor / 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery

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