Industry Auto Makers

28 Май 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Industry Auto Makers отключены
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto

Auto Makers

During 2007, the worldwide automotive industry produced 73.1 million vehicles. [1] In 2008, production declined 3.7% to 70.5 million vehicles. The auto industry as a whole grew more than thirty percent between 1995 and 2005. [2] Over the past thirty years differences in government regulation and economic opportunities have created three major clusters of producers- in Western Europe, the U.S. and Japan/South Korea- that developed different characteristics regarding the size, power-train and fuel efficiency of their vehicles.

In the European market, where taxes have made gas expensive, car makers have become expert producers of small displacement gasoline engines and diesel engines(which can generally achieve 35% better fuel economy than a petrol engine of equivalent power). Low gas prices in America have encouraged an ongoing increase in vehicle size and engine displacement. As engine technology has improved and now allows more power from a smaller engine, instead of substituting smaller engines with equivalent power, cars produced for the American market have utilized new technologies to increase horsepower and torque. These design characteristics also hold true for foreign companies such as DAIMLER AG (DAI). Toyota Motor (TM).

Nissan Motor (NSANY) and Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) that derive a large portion of their revenue from U.S. sales. Conversely, Japanese companies such as Subaru (owned by Fuji Heavy Industries) and Honda Motor Company (HMC) have continued to exclusively build more fuel efficient automobiles.

These major car producing regions have recently been joined by a mushrooming of auto-producers in the great emerging economies of India, Russia, China, and Brazil. These four markets, collectively known as the BRIC countries, represent the future for automotive sales growth- with 2007 car sales increasing in China 22% [3] Brazil 26% [4]. Russia 36% [5]. and India 12%. [6] Amazingly, for 2009 it is expected that there will be more new car sales in China than the United States, albeit in part due to generous government subsidies of new car purchases. [7] The automobiles produced for mass consumption in these developing markets sell for a fraction of the price of cars in Western Europe or the U.S.(the new Tata Nano sells for a mere $2500 [8] ). but consequently are lacking in safety devices, comfort equipment such as air-conditioning or stereo equipment, and reliability.

Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto

Major Auto Makers

The Major car producing nations in the world and their outputs in 2007 are Japan: 11 million, U.S. 10.5 million, China: 8.1 million, Germany: 6 million, South Korea: 4 million, alongside smaller producers such as France, Spain, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and India — where between 2 and 3 million automobiles were assembled. [9]

The following table illustrates the 15 largest carmaking companies by volume for 2007.

Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto
Volkswagen E Up! – Electric Car 60kW Auto

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