Volkswagen Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

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Volkswagen e-Up![226]


Volkswagen has three in the top 10 list of best-selling cars of all compiled by the website 24/7 St . the Volkswagen Golf. the Volkswagen and the Volkswagen Passat. With three cars, Volkswagen has the cars of any automobile manufacturer in the that are still being [ 1 ] Volkswagen ranks first in the most money of any automaker on and development as of 2011. [ 2 ]

1937–45: Car project becomes Kübelwagen [ ]

Model of Porsche Type 12 Museum of Industrial Culture,

Volkswagen was originally founded in by the German Labour Front ( Arbeitsfront ). [ 3 ] In the early 1930s auto industry was still composed of luxury models, and the German rarely could anything more than a As a result only one German out of 50 a car. Seeking a potential new some car makers began peoples’ car projects – Mercedes’ Adler’s AutoBahn, Steyr 55, 1,3L, among others.

The trend was not new, as Béla is credited with having the basic design in the middle Josef Ganz developed the Superior (going as far as advertising it as the Volkswagen). In Germany the company mass-produced the 2/10 PS Komissbrot, a cheap rear engined from 1925 to 1928. [ 4 ] in Czechoslovakia, the Hans Ledwinka penned Tatra T77. a popular car amongst the German was becoming smaller and more at each revision. Ferdinand a well known designer for end vehicles and race cars, had trying for years to get a manufacturer in a small car suitable for a family.

He felt the small cars at the were just stripped big cars. Instead he built a car he the Volksauto from the ground up in using many of the ideas around at the time and several of his putting together a car with an rear engine, torsion bar and a beetle shape, the front rounded for better aerodynamics as it had a small engine). [ 5 ]

In 1933, many of the above projects in development or early stages of Adolf Hitler got involved, the production of a basic vehicle of transporting two adults and three at 100 km/h (62 mph). He wanted his citizens to have the same to a car as the Americans. [ 5 ] The People’s Car would be to citizens of the Third Reich a savings plan at 990 Reichsmark 396 in 1930s dollars)—about the price of a motorcycle (the average being around 32RM a [ 6 ] [ 7 ]

Despite heavy lobbying in of one of the existing projects, it soon apparent that private could not turn out a car for only Thus, Hitler chose to an all-new, state-owned factory Ferdinand Porsche’s design some of Hitler’s design including an air-cooled engine so could freeze). The intention was ordinary Germans would buy the car by of a savings scheme ( Fünf die Woche musst du sparen, du im eigenen Wagen fahren – marks a week you must put if you want in your own car to ride ), around 336,000 people paid into.

Volkswagen e-Up![226]

The savings of 336,000 people were by the Russians in 1945 when captured Berlin. However, the project was financially unsound, and the corruption and lack of accountability of the regime made it possible. [ 8 ] [ 1 ]

Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen Kraft durch Freude – through joy), appeared 1936 onwards (the cars had been produced in ). The car already had its distinctive round and air-cooled. flat-four. rear-mounted The VW car was just one of many KdF programs included things such as and outings. The prefix Volks— was not just applied to cars, but to other products in Germany; the radio receiver for instance. On 28 May the Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen mbH (sometimes abbreviated to Gezuvor [ 9 ] ) was by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront . It was later Volkswagenwerk GmbH on 16 September [ 10 ]

VW Type 82E

Erwin Komenda. the longstanding Union chief designer, of Ferdinand Porsche’s hand-picked [ 5 ] developed the car body of the prototype, was recognizably the Beetle known It was one of the first to be evolved with the aid of a tunnel. in use in Germany since the 1920s. The cars were put many rigorous tests, and a record-breaking million miles of before being deemed

War meant production changed to vehicles, the Type 82 Kübelwagen car) utility vehicle most common wartime and the amphibious Schwimmwagen which used to equip the German As was common with much of the in Nazi Germany during the slave labor was utilized in the plant. The company would in 1998 that it used slaves during the war effort.

historians estimated that 80% of wartime workforce was slave [ citation needed ] Many of the were reported to have supplied from the concentration upon request from managers. A lawsuit was filed in by survivors for restitution for the forced [ 11 ] Volkswagen would set up a voluntary fund. [ 12 ]

Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]
Volkswagen e-Up![226]

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