VW eUp! and eGolf revealed with 99mile and 118mile ranges Auto

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VW e-Up! and e-Golf revealed 99-mile and 118-mile ranges

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Volkswagen unveiled two new electric today, the e-Up! and e-Golf by lithium ion batteries and electric giving them ranges of 118 and 99 miles, respectively. The pair of VWs designed in-house by the automaker, and components, including the motors, and batteries, will be built in at VW’s Kassel components

Let’s start with the hatchback e-Golf. It has a higher-capacity lithium ion battery mounted in the and being the more upscale it also has a more powerful motor, rated at 199 pound-feet of from 0 rpm and 85 kW (114 horsepower). from 0-62 miles per takes 10.4 seconds in the seventh-generation Golf. according to VW, and top is electronically limited to 87 mph.

As earlier, the powertrain gives the a range of 118 miles, and VW is quick to out that the car, helped by its low coefficient of 0.28, manages to use 12.7 kWh of energy per 62 miles, on driving style.

The e-Up! is the of the two EVs, a three-door hatchback a higher drag coefficient of The EV based on the up! is equipped with an lithium ion battery, also in the floor, generating 155 lb-ft 0 rpm and 60 kW (81 hp). With a top speed of 81 a 0-62 mph time of 12.4 and a range of 99 miles, there’s one measure of performance at which it the e-Golf, and it greatly matters in a trying to be ultra efficient: the uses just 11.7 kWh per 61 which VW says makes it the world champion.


Both EVs three drive modes, Eco and ECO+, the latter two of which limit electric motor and torque levels and vehicle to obtain the best fuel Four levels of regenerative are featured on both models, D1, D2, D3 and B. from level D, progressively levels of regenerative braking the e-Up! and e-Golf to recover energy to store in the battery. The has an effect on how the car drives as well, so as are raised from D to B, drivers notice a stronger slowing from the electric motor to engine braking in a car with a engine.

Standard 230-volt chargers will fully the e-up!’s 18.7 kWh battery empty within nine VW claims, and can do the same for the e-Golf’s kWh battery within 13 hours. it up with an optional wall box for garages or carports (and stations) and the e-Up! will go empty to full within six it will do the same for the e-Golf eight hours. The quickest comes courtesy of an optional charging system (CCS) a DC power supply.

Using the e-Up! and the e-Golf can be charged empty to 80 percent in half an

The e-Up! and e-Golf launch in 2014 in Europe, followed by markets in late 2014 or 2015, VW says, but we won’t be the e-Up! in the US. The automaker provided an press release for its new EVs, you can peruse below. (We’ll an e-up! gallery as soon as VW us with images.)

Show PR text

Zero emissions by

World premieres of the e-up! and

International Motor Show

Frankfurt, September 2013

IAA Volkswagen electrifies high-volume e-Golf and e-up! debut as double strike

e-Golf: Das Up to 190-km1 range, extremely LED headlights as standard

e-up! The champion in efficiency. 11.7 kWh of for €3 to drive 100 km sets benchmark

— Wolfsburg / September 2013. In a double at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main (10th to September) Volkswagen will be two new and extremely efficient electric the e-up! and the e-Golf. The German is thus transferring two full-production into the era of electric mobility. zero-emission cars are perfect for use, four-door models in all and fully equipped. They these standard features: climate control, remote parking heating/ventilation (air and heating), radio-navigation system, windscreen, alloy wheels, LED running lights and in the case of the all-LED headlights.

They lead the way in efficiency: in travelling 100 the e-up! consumes just kWh of power, making it the efficiency champion, as no rival matches figure. Two classes larger, the also achieves an excellent of 12.7 kWh/100 km1. The is that driving 100 km in the e-up! only €3.022 and with the €3.282.

— Silently Despite their great both the e-Golf and the e-up! a practically sporty level of Even as cars with drive systems both Volkswagen models already superior suspension. As a result of the low of gravity of the batteries integrated in manner within the car floor, the now becomes even crisper.

newcomers also profit a specific dynamic characteristic of cars: the practically silent motors generate a level of torque from standstill is otherwise experienced only in of much greater horsepower. The gearboxes and batteries of the e-up! and are in-house developments, produced in Volkswagen components plants.

e-Golf facts and figures. The one of a number of cars making its premiere in Frankfurt, is powered by an 85 kW1 / 115 PS1 motor. Like the motor in the it achieves speeds of up to 12,000 rpm and its maximum starting torque of 270 Nm right from the off. The is that the front-wheel drive reaches 100 km/h in 10.4

On motorways the top speed of the five-seat is electronically limited to 140 km/h1.

e-up! facts and figures. The is also making its public at the IAA. Its electric motor as in the a synchronous motor produces 60 kW / 82 PS. from a standing start it 210 Nm onto the powered front

The four-seater achieves the sprint up to 60 in 4.9 seconds and reaches 100 km/h 12.4 seconds. Top speed: 130

— Range levels to commuters. From a single charge (18.7 kWh) the has a range of up to 160 km, while for the e-Golf, due to its battery (24.2 kWh), the is up to 190 km1. In both models intuitive driving modes ‘Eco’ and ‘Eco+’) and four easy to activate levels of braking (‘D1’, ‘D2’, and ‘B’) help drivers to get the range out of each charge.

noting: research by Germany’s Ministry of Transport, Building and Development found that 80 per cent of all car drivers in the country, commuters to motorists making of journeys, drive less 50 kilometres a day.

— and fuel strategy. Volkswagen set out its for the future and thus also the point for electric vehicles as the e-up! and e-Golf back in the decade with a structured and fuel strategy. This assigns realistic timeframes to the of new, alternative drive such as hybrid, electric and

In addition, Volkswagen has made it the aim to establish the brand as market in e-mobility (as in other areas) by

— 2013 is a key year for mobility. In the future Volkswagen continue to rely on an intelligent mix of the efficient drive systems. In respect, battery electric as will be shown by the new e-up! and the are both a sensible and essential The reasons for this are obvious: electric vehicles enable utilisation of renewable energy (wind, solar, hydro) to automobiles.

For example, when it the e-up! in Germany this Volkswagen will be offering the electrical power for the car (BluePower). energy, generated without CO2 comes exclusively from generating plants in Germany, and Switzerland. Supply and sales are the German company LichtBlick SE and the Bank. Electric cars offer emissions relief to areas based on their technology which always zero local emissions. Volkswagen’s electric vehicles are a genuine alternative as, in terms of and recycling their battery they are fully compatible the requirements of high volume

All drive system factors are now perfectly set for e-mobility to really off. Within the framework of the powertrain and fuel strategy, will therefore, as mentioned be pushing forward in parallel the introduction of new hybrid models. The Hybrid BlueMotion and the Touareg BlueMotion are already in the model

The next model of this due to follow next year is a plug-in hybrid, which, in to the standard hybrid, can also longer distances (50 km) solely on power thanks to a battery greater capacity) that can be from an external power Volkswagen will in addition to enhance its efficient petrol, and gas engines (TDI, TSI, as these drive technologies coexist long into the

— In time with big life. The fact is that the group for electric cars is as a paradigm change has begun. A focus of social behaviour is on sustainable mobility.

But the products for this environmental awareness action need to be suitable and like the e-up! and e-Golf, accelerate up to the tempo of big city in just a few seconds. The new zero-emission therefore have the potential to the electric car segment with engineering, great everyday and a dynamic feeling.

The e-Golf initial facts

World at the IAA:

New e-Golf brings technology to high-volume production

most successful car will be from spring 2014 as the

Range of up to 190 km, consumption of just kWh/100 km1 and all-LED headlights as

Wolfsburg / Frankfurt, September Volkswagen is electrifying Europe’s successful car ever: the Golf. The seller with sales of 30 million units to its name marches on to become the e-Golf drive technology that zero tailpipe emissions.

is celebrating the world premiere of the at the International Motor Show in (IAA: 10th to 22nd Also making its public at the IAA is another battery-powered electric the e-up. From now on, Volkswagen thus be offering in its vehicles form of drive system in the world today.

Agile and Both agile and efficient, the demonstrates best-in-class qualities the off, leading the way with a low consumption figure of 12.7 km1. Thanks to a particularly overall technological system, aerodynamics (cD = 0.281) and perfected resistance, the Volkswagen is thus 10 per more energy-efficient than the steel-built direct competitor. As a the e-Golf will be cruising as of 2014 (when the European begins) extremely economically the cities of the world (launches in and North America follow in 2014 / early 2015).

costs: around €3.28 per 100

First Volkswagen with headlights. The very well four-door e-Golf (with a which includes the high-end Pro’ radio/navigation system, a windscreen, automatic climate parking heater/ventilation, leather wheel) is recognisable at once by the optimised ‘Astana’ alloy and − being used by for the first time − by its LED (both standard on all models). The LED are more energy-efficient than systems, yet produce even light. Also highly are the likewise standard LED daytime lights with their design, a signature feature of the electric vehicles.

Another feature is the bottom strip the radiator grille. As on the Golf but in this case blue than red, this carries on into the headlights an that, like the ‘Think campaign, consciously underlines the powered Golf’s environmentally efficiency.

A good companion in everyday life. The fact practically all of the Golf’s driver systems innovations such as ACC Cruise Control and City Braking are available for the e-Golf as as the conventionally powered models the fact that this is a very safe and exceptionally companion to take drivers the era of zero-emission mobility.

e-motor and single-speed gearbox

85 kW and 270 Nm. The is powered by an 85 kW1 / 115 PS1 electric motor. a standing start the synchronous internally called the EEM 85, develops an maximum torque of 270 Nm.

Top performance are the result: the Volkswagen reaches a of 60 km/h within 4.2 seconds, and just 10.4 seconds the is up to 100 km/h. A fascinating factor is the pull-away performance, which is comfortable and totally free of any On the motorway the top speed levels electronically limited, at 140 km/h1.

in Germany. The high-performance 12,000-rpm and, also developed by the single-speed gearbox (EQ 270) integrated differential and mechanical brake form a compact The motor/gearbox unit is made in components plant in Kassel,

Up to 190 km on one battery charge. Depending on profile, driving style and the driving range is between 130 and 190 at very low outdoor temperatures, range may lie below these Good range will be not only in fine weather but in the too by a newly developed, optional pump. Offered as an add-on for the electric heating (high-voltage and the electric air conditioning compressor, the pump utilises both the from the ambient air and the heat off by the drive system components.

In way the high-voltage heater’s consumption of power is significantly reduced. use of the heat pump the e-Golf’s increases in winter by up to 20 per cent.

battery

MQB has already paved the The Golf Mk7 was developed from the as a version which could use an powertrain. By virtue of the innovative of the new Modular Transverse Matrix on which the current Golf is based, Volkswagen was able to the lithium-ion battery in space-saving within a stabilising frame in the floor (under the front and seats and in the area of the centre

Like the motor elements of the the battery was also developed at Volkswagen.

264 cells delivering kWh. The e-Golf has a kerb of 1,510 kg, of which 318 kg are accounted for by the battery. It is made up of a total of 264 cells, which are integrated 27 modules (each with six or cells). The cells add up to a nominal of 323 V. Battery capacity: 24.2

The battery is fitted at the front a battery management controller which performs safety and monitoring functions and also the temperature balance in the battery controller (the interface to the energy supply). When the car is not in use or in the of a crash, power from the is automatically cut off.

Power

Direct current to alternating A central element of the drive is the power electronics module. as the link, this module the flow of high-voltage energy the e-motor and the lithium-ion battery on battery voltage between 250 and up to 430 V). In the the power electronics module the direct current (DC) in the battery into alternating (AC).

The power electronics have the following interfaces: the circuit connection to the battery; the connection to the e-motor; the plug from the DC/DC converter to the power circuit; and a connection for the power distributor.

Charging and equipment

Socket, wall box or station. As with the smaller there are several different of charging the battery in the e-Golf. As the solution, the charging cable as standard with the car is plugged a 230-volt mains electrical

The battery of the e-Golf is charged in way at a charge level of 2.3kW of current (AC) from the If it is completely flat, it will be charged again within a of 13 hours. As an optional extra is offering a wall box for the garage or This charges at a level of 3.6 kW.

If flat (which in practice is the battery would thus be charged again after eight hours. There are public charging stations ‘refuel’ electric cars at a level of 3.6 kW. The e-Golf can also be prepared for the combined charging (CCS) using a DC power

In this case the Volkswagen can be via special CCS charging stations at levels of up to 40 kW, allowing the battery to be to 80 per cent in around 30 minutes. On the the start of the charging process can be immediately or delayed by programming the by pressing a button next to the socket under the ‘fuel

Energy utilisation

Driving and regenerative braking. Two technologies of importance in relation to optimal of the vehicle’s energy are the two driving designed for energy economy and ‘Eco+’) and the four different of regenerative braking (‘D1’, ‘D3, and ‘B’).

‘Eco’ and driving profiles. The e-Golf is as standard with three profiles: ‘Normal’, ‘Eco’ and The Volkswagen is automatically started in mode. For drivers wanting to the range, the first option is the mode. The effects of selecting mode include paring the e-motor’s maximum power to 70 kW and the starting torque to 220 Nm.

In parallel, the reduce the output of the air conditioning and modify the response curve of the pedal. The e-Golf can now reach of up to 115 km/h (in ‘Normal’ mode: 140 and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in seconds (in ‘Normal’ mode: seconds). In ‘Eco+’ mode the limit the power output to 55 kW and the torque to 175 Nm. At the same time the pedal response curve even flatter and the air conditioning is off.

The e-Golf now reaches a top of 90 km/h and accelerates at a correspondingly rate. Nevertheless, via kick-down in and ‘Eco+’ mode drivers can obtain full power, torque and a top speed of 140 km/h.

braking in settings ‘D1’, ‘D3’ and ‘B’. In addition to the mode function, the range can be influenced using the regenerative system. There are five available: ‘D’ (no regenerative ‘D1′, D2’, ‘D3’ and It works like this: in lever setting ‘D’ the simply taps the gear knob to the left to switch to (1x), ‘D2’ (2x) or (3x).

Tapping the knob to the right down the D levels. If the gear is pushed to the right and briefly there, the electronics switch in one back to ‘D’. The driver regenerative braking level by pulling the gear shift backwards.

In an electric car this of levels leads to a different way of It is possible to use regenerative braking to slow the e-Golf down. ‘D1’ regenerates energy and down the car the least, while ‘B’ has the strongest effect.

At ‘D2’, ‘D3’ and ‘B’, the via regenerative braking is so strong in this case the brake automatically come on. However, if the is fully charged, no energy takes place. In this the braking power also which the driver can feel

Electromechanical brake servo

A of brake system and motor Volkswagen has developed an electromechanical servo for its electric cars. optimises the driver’s braking in the same way that brake do in conventional cars.

In the case of the brake servo, however, happens via what is known as blending’ a process in which low of deceleration are produced solely the e-motor’s braking torque. deceleration, meanwhile, is achieved joint braking torque the electric motor and the hydraulic system.

Aerodynamics and rolling

Air drag reduced by 10 per cent. By very specific measures as reducing the volume of cooling air a radiator shutter and partially radiator grille), new underbody modification of the tail with a spoiler and C-pillar air guides, and by new aerodynamic wheels (largely off the wheel openings flush the car’s exterior), Volkswagen was to lower the Golf’s air drag. on the standard Golf (1.6 TDI 77 kW) air drag is 0.686 m², the was able to reduce this to m² on the e-Golf, thus it by 10 per cent.

Similarly, the cD value was to 0.281.

Rolling resistance by 10 per cent. Volkswagen was able to another positive effect on consumption and range through of the tyres (205/55 R16 91 Q). Reducing the resistance coefficient from 7.2 per (Golf BlueMotion) to 6.5 per 1,000 for the (likewise an improvement of 10 per cent) improves the range.

E-drive are a challenge. Electric drive present a challenge in relation to The reason for this is that as a of the absence of any internal combustion very different sources of become noticeable. In addition, the perceptible and yet very specific noise of the drive system is by the sounds and vibrations of the electrically auxiliary components.

Last but not without any fine tuning, and rolling sounds are much noticeable in electric vehicles, as are in luxury cars.

As quiet as a car. Against this Volkswagen implemented an acoustic for the e-Golf that is specifically to the characteristics of an electric vehicle, the zero-emission car into an almost cruiser. A few examples: the powerplant system was switched to a pendulum with modified response which despite the e-motor’s build-up of torque when greatly enhances the acoustics. the design of the motor housing was also able to achieve an low level of noise emission.

the highly sound-absorbent and yet very materials used in the interior such a high level of comfort that occupants of the itself already a high car, feel as though are riding in a vehicle from the class.

First Volkswagen all-LED headlights. Visually the always four-door e-Golf can be even from a distance by its energy-efficient all-LED headlights, used here as a world Compared to xenon headlights the LED produces more light consuming less power.

now on, an identifying feature of Volkswagen cars will be the C-shaped signature of the LED daytime running in the redesigned front bumper. At the the latest Golf can be made out as a car by such features as the absence of any pipes. In addition appropriate name markings and the VW logo a blue background also that the e-Golf is a zero-emission

Also standard on the car’s as mentioned above, are LED rear and the aerodynamically perfectly balanced alloy wheels with 205 optimised for low rolling resistance.

standard equipment. In addition to the fabric design (seats in the e-grey / Clip titanium pattern; optionally leather) and the good level of standard (incl. automatic climate parking heater/ventilation, high-end Pro radio-navigation system, heated leather steering wheel, gear knob and elegant Matrix / Dark Magnesium’ striking features in the interior of the include the new instrument layout and the in the centre console, which is equipped with new functions. In with the exterior, the interior is enhanced by blue elements, the decorative seams of the leather wheel and gear knob, the floor-mat edgings.

As an option the ‘Ambience pack’ creates a with the world of ‘Think it contains LED reading lights, footwell illumination, blue lighting around the decorative and, of course, door-sill plates also illuminated in

e-instruments.

Power display rev counter. On the left-hand side of the cluster the rev counter is replaced by the display (which indicates if the is ready, the battery is being via regenerative braking or power is drawn off) and the indicator of availability. Still on the right as a instrument is the speedometer, in this going up to 160 km/h.

Added to the section of the speedometer is an indicator the charge level of the high-voltage On the colour display (premium display) between the power and the speedometer, features now include a indication of the driving range, of the active level of regenerative and an indication of the remaining charging and of the type of charging connection. In a LED field in the lower segment of the display, the ‘READY’ message appears after starting the indicating readiness for the car to be driven.

Touchscreen. Every Golf is with a touchscreen. In the case of the it is the range’s premium display, the top Pro’ radio/navigation system’s touchscreen.

In the e-Golf the system now numerous new functions.

Example 1 Range monitor: this a graphic illustration of the vehicle’s range. The range potential of any consumers is also displayed, as by off the consumer units shown to be on, the can gain extra range.

2 — Energy flow by means of animated graphics depicts the energy flow accelerating (blue arrows) and applying the brake that regenerative braking (green Meanwhile, regenerative braking provide information on the amount of recovered since the start of the

Example 3 — e-manager: enables drivers to pre-programme up to departure and charging times. At the time the vehicle ensures the set air and battery charge level. The or cooling of the interior can also be via parking heater/ventilation (fitted as during the charging process.

The air process thus does not any effect on the charging of the battery extends the range.

Example 4 360 range: the current radius of the is shown by the so-called 360 range on the map of the area. The inner area the potential zone for a return The outer area, on the other represents the range for a one-way

Charging stations can be displayed and into the route as intermediary

Volkswagen Car-Net e-Remote. the ‘Car-Net e-Remote’ app it is also to make many settings and requests via a smartphone or the Car-Net In detail the app contains the following

— Programming of the departure Functions that are scheduled to the programmed departure time the the park heater/ventilation function; it is at a specific time that on the outdoor temperature, so that the interior temperature is reached by the departure time.

— control Starting and stopping the climate control function, display of the outside temperature and the temperature for the car’s interior.

Charging the battery Starting and the charging process, indicating connection status, charge charge progress, charge charge start time and

— Accessing vehicle Information display relating to journeys (single trips or term), such as kilometres journey time, electric power consumption, power of other consumers such as air and radio, use of regenerative braking.

Vehicle status queries and boot locked, lights charging cable plugged in, where the e-Golf was last (GPS position on a map).

The initial Facts

Public at the IAA:

New e-up! is the most of all battery electric cars

of energy for €3 to drive sets new standard of efficiency

and information system with software as standard

Wolfsburg/Frankfurt, 2013. From the middle of Volkswagen will be supercharging its range with the brand’s electric vehicle: the new e-up. a double impact on the e-mobility the four-door city specialist be followed just a few months in spring 2014 (launch in by a further zero-emission Volkswagen: the Both electric cars make their debut at the Motor Show (IAA) in (10th to 22nd September), the era of full-production e-mobility for Volkswagen.

Volkswagen will thus be in its vehicles every form of system relevant in the world

Great efficiency

Low ‘fuel The launch of the e-up! marks the of a next generation electric that thanks to an armada of detailed solutions uses extremely economically. The e-up! for instance, just 11.7 km.

At an average electricity price of cents (Germany, July driving 100 kilometres costs €3.02.

Aerodynamics and rolling

Perfection in the detail. The pioneering of the e-up! is attributable to the very cD value for a car of this size of (4 per cent lower than the up!), optimised rolling (7 per cent lower), the generally drive system components, the effective regenerative braking innovative equipment modules and a developed, particularly efficient system.

Drive system

Made in Germany. A compact motor (60 kW / 82 PS and 210 Nm starting torque), the battery integrated into the and the power electronics form the hub of the new car’s drive system. The motor’s power is transferred to the wheels via a single-speed gearbox. itself developed all of the components, the battery.

With a top speed of 130 the average range of the e-up. on route profile, driving and payload, is between 120 and 160 km; at very low temperatures the range may be less. range distances work well in urban areas and for the of commuters. In Germany, for example, by the Federal Ministry for Transport, and Urban Development found around 80 per cent of all car drivers in from job commuters to drivers who frequent journeys drive than 50 km daily.

060 km/h in 4.9 After 4.9 seconds the e-up! is at a speed of 60 km/h; within seconds it’s 100 km/h. In seconds it accelerates from 80 to 120 Top speed is 130 km/h.

By way of comparison: the powerful conventional e-up! 55 kW / 75 PS) accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h in seconds and from 80 to 120 km/h in gear in 15.5 seconds. The shows that the e-up! away prejudiced views the performance of electric cars.

battery

204 cells in 17 modules. The battery fitted in the e-up! the vehicle floor weighs 230 kg and is up of 17 modules, each with 12 These 204 cells add up to a rated of 374 V and rated power of 18.7 At peak level the cells an effective power output of 75 kW and a continual period 35 kW. The cell of the battery, measuring 1,726 mm 1,132 mm wide and 303 mm at its highest have been integrated, as indicated, in space-saving fashion the floor of the e-up.

Compared to other lithium-ion (e.g. from the field of electronics), the battery system’s are particularly resistant to heat and meaning that no separate cooling or heating is required. the electric motor and the gearbox, the system, battery electronics and the control software were developed in-house at Volkswagen.

electronics

Energy flow Another central element of the system is what is known as the electronics. This complex weighs 10.5 kg in the e-up! acting as the link, controls the of high-voltage power between the and the lithium-ion battery (depending on voltage between 296 and up to 418 V).

In doing so the electronics convert the direct (DC) stored in the battery alternating current (AC) and use to drive the motor. Via a DC/DC it also supplies the vehicle’s with voltage of 12 V.

Phase and cables. The power electronics is connected to the e-motor via the sort of 3-phase cable typical for vehicles. The connection to the lithium-ion is established via two traction cables.

current becomes alternating In respect of the all-controlling power a distinction has to be made between two different modes in which the operates: motor mode and generator mode (regenerative In motor mode the power use high-power transistors to convert the current (DC) stored in the into 3-phase alternating (AC).

In generator mode, the alternating current is rectified for the battery. In this scenario the electronics resemble in terms of task a valve that the electrical current flow towards the battery to be charged. maximum phase current of the electronics is limited in the e-up! to 385 A.

voltage becomes vehicle circuit voltage. As mentioned the 2.5-kW DC/DC converter into the power electronics is for supplying the vehicle’s 12-V circuit and thus works a transformer. The 12-V power and the high-voltage circuit are completely from each other in the

Also included in the power are the controller for running the management and a CAN interface for communication with devices. Last but not least, the electronics module dampens the of any sudden loading of the drive (for instance, at moments of acceleration) by regulating the torque

Electromechanical brake servo

A of brake system and motor Electric cars are essentially with two brake systems of each other: on the one hand, as in cars, a mechanical, hydraulically brake system is there to the car down. At the same time, the e-motor acts when energy as a motor brake.

two types of braking now blend in the e-up! thanks to the electromechanical servo.

The brake servo’s Regardless of regeneration mode ‘D2’, ‘D3’ or ‘B’), operating as a generator the electric generates a degree of braking on the wheels dependent on its speed and the temperature and charge level. The parameters motor speed and state lead to fluctuating of electric braking. These need to be hydraulically compensated and the of deceleration matched in this way to the performance called for by the driver.

The of the brake system required for is called brake blending and is via the new electromechanical brake servo. has succeeded here in its primary aim of maximum utilisation of the e-motor’s to slow down the e-up! in to increase its range.

Less on the brakes. As the majority of braking involve only minor or deceleration and are therefore executed any wear via the e- motor, the electric helps to keep the ‘normal’ in top condition longer.

A question of The other specific functions of the used while driving the car are self-explanatory. You have to think of the tank as a battery filled electrical energy that during the journey. The faster you or the more you accelerate, the greater the of energy consumed. However, as the you have considerable influence this level of consumption and over the range.

The e-up! is to switch off temporarily unneeded and in general to transform kinetic produced when coasting or by into electrical energy and to it in the battery.

Two economy profiles: and ‘Eco+’. The range of the e-up! can be via three different driving profiles: the standard mode on), ‘Eco’ and ‘Eco+’. nipping around travelling distances, will stay in mode.

For drivers wanting to the range, the first option is the mode. The effects of selecting mode include paring the e-vehicle’s maximum power to 50 kW and limiting its top speed to 115 km/h. In with that the electronics the output of the air-conditioning system and the response curve of the accelerator

In ‘Eco+’ mode the electronics maximum power output to 40 kW, the performance response curve and the air conditioning; in this mode the car can a top speed of 90 km/h.

Regenerative in D1, D2, D3 and B. Over and above the driving modes the range of the e-up! can be via the regenerative braking function. are no fewer than five available: ‘D’ (regeneration via brake servo only applying the brake), ‘D1′, ‘D3’ and ‘B’. In an electric car number of levels leads to a way of driving.

By means of regenerative drivers can appreciably slow the e-up! by lifting their off the accelerator. Used in an anticipatory regenerative braking thus use of the brake pedal in many At levels ‘D2’, ‘D3’ and the deceleration via regenerative braking is so that in this case the lights automatically come on.

If the battery is fully charged, no braking occurs.

Charging and equipment

Plugs, wall box and stations. To recharge the e-up! you connect it to the mains. However, are various ways that can be done. The simplest option is to the mains charging cable with the car into a conventional socket.

The battery is then from the mains at a power of 2.3 kW. A completely flat battery is in this way within nine As an option Volkswagen offers a box for the garage that charges the at a power level of 3.6 kW.

The (completely battery would thus be recharged after six hours. are also public charging that ‘refuel’ electric at a power level of 3.6 kW. As a new car the e-up! can be prepared for the combined charging (CCS) using a DC power In this case it can alternatively be via special CCS charging stations at levels of up to 40 kW.

The battery is then 80 per recharged after just 30

e-features (exterior and interior)

has developed a range of features and elements specifically for the e-up. The car can thus be quickly identified as The array of bespoke features the LED daytime running light’s new look, aerodynamically developed wheels and an interior in a bright and design.

The standard e-up! also includes applications for the + more infotainment/navigation system specifically for e-mobility, a radio/CD hands-free phone function, doors, heated windscreen, air and heated seats.

e-instruments

to drive. The new e-up! is first and a Volkswagen. And that means like all other versions of specialist city car the electrically version is also fully to drive, reliable and safe. begins as it always begins.

Get in, up, foot on the brake, start the In cars with internal you now hear the engine, while the rev needle also shows things are happening. In the e-up! like that occurs. the electric motor is indeed on, it neither noise nor vibrations. And as for the rev there is none.

The e-up! its readiness to its driver via routines designed for the purpose. When the car is and ready to go, the speedometer needle to the end stop once and then to the home position. The illumination of the on the e-up! instrument panel is switched on, regardless of whether the outside lights are on or not.

At the time the battery charge rotates to the current level and the indicator moves from to ‘0’. Last but not least, the ‘Ready’ appears in the panel’s display, backed up by an audible The zero-emission journey can now begin!

display. The e-up! comes as with the portable maps + navigation system, complete Bluetooth hands-free facility. In the it provides numerous new functions, as range display (‘360 In this mode a map of the surrounding shows the radius of the area can be reached with the current of charge.

Here too there are different functions: ‘One-way (route in one direction), ‘Range return’ (route there and and ‘Combined’ (both range

Charging stations via POI. a destination is entered into the system the driver is informed a newly devised range system) whether the distance is with the current level of charge; if not, appropriate can be scheduled via the charging stations in the points of interest (POIs). A one-way route thus a multi-stop route.

Drivers are able to save their own and new stations on the system and integrate into their route

Cleverly managed. Among the maps + more functions and specific to the e-up! are the power and regenerative braking display and an Using the e-manager, drivers can the charge start time and control pre-conditioning (switching on the heater in winter or parking air in summer for up to 30 minutes; if not plugged a charger for up to 10 minutes).

The advantage of the car’s interior warmed up or down while the battery is charged (apart from the comfort) is that you do not affect the charge level by any initial or cooling before starting up. As a the battery’s full range is to you as you start your journey.

Car-Net e-Remote. Using the e-Remote’ app it is also possible to the most of these settings and requests (air conditioning, charging, vehicle data and status info) via a smartphone or the website. In detail the app contains the functions:

— Programming of the time Functions that are according to the programmed departure include the park heater/ventilation it is started at a specific time depends on the outdoor temperature, so the desired interior temperature is by the programmed departure time.

Climate control Starting and the parking heater/ventilation function, display of the outside temperature and the temperature for the car’s interior.

Charging the battery Starting and the charging process, charging display, charge status, progress, charge level, time and range.

— vehicle data Information relating to individual journeys trips or long term), as kilometres driven, journey electric motor power power consumption of other such as air conditioning and radio, use of braking.

— Requesting status Doors and boot lights (on/off), charging plugged in, battery charge range, position where the was last parked (GPS on a map).

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